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Pierangelo Metrangolo

Bio: Pierangelo Metrangolo is an academic researcher from Polytechnic University of Milan. The author has contributed to research in topics: Halogen bond & Supramolecular chemistry. The author has an hindex of 63, co-authored 283 publications receiving 21846 citations. Previous affiliations of Pierangelo Metrangolo include Instituto Politécnico Nacional & Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The specific advantages brought up by a design based on the use of the halogen bond will be demonstrated in quite different fields spanning from material sciences to biomolecular recognition and drug design.
Abstract: The halogen bond occurs when there is evidence of a net attractive interaction between an electrophilic region associated with a halogen atom in a molecular entity and a nucleophilic region in another, or the same, molecular entity. In this fairly extensive review, after a brief history of the interaction, we will provide the reader with a snapshot of where the research on the halogen bond is now, and, perhaps, where it is going. The specific advantages brought up by a design based on the use of the halogen bond will be demonstrated in quite different fields spanning from material sciences to biomolecular recognition and drug design.

2,582 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The main features of the interaction are given, and the close similarity with the hydrogen bonding will become apparent, and some heuristic principles are presented to develop a rational crystal engineering based on halogen bonding.
Abstract: Halogen bonding is the noncovalent interaction between halogen atoms (Lewis acids) and neutral or anionic Lewis bases. The main features of the interaction are given, and the close similarity with the hydrogen bonding will become apparent. Some heuristic principles are presented to develop a rational crystal engineering based on halogen bonding. The focus is on halogen-bonded supramolecular architectures given by halocarbons. The potential of the interaction is shown by useful applications in the field of synthetic chemistry, material science, and bioorganic chemistry.

1,673 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a definition for the term ''halogen bond'' is proposed, which designates a specific subset of the inter-and intramolecular interactions involving a halogen atom in a molecular entity.
Abstract: This recommendation proposes a definition for the term ``halogen bond'', which designates a specific subset of the inter- and intramolecular interactions involving a halogen atom in a molecular entity.

1,386 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the energy and geometrical features of the interaction are described along with the atomic characteristics that confer molecules with the specific ability to interact through this interaction, and some principles are presented for crystal engineering based on halogen-bonding interactions.
Abstract: Halogen bonding is the noncovalent interaction where halogen atoms function as electrophilic species. The energetic and geometrical features of the interaction are described along with the atomic characteristics that confer molecules with the specific ability to interact through this interaction. Halogen bonding has an impact on all research fields where the control of intermolecular recognition and self-assembly processes plays a key role. Some principles are presented for crystal engineering based on halogen-bonding interactions. The potential of the interaction is also shown by applications in liquid crystals, magnetic and conducting materials, and biological systems.

1,358 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is shown how application of fluorination is used to enable a number of reactions, to improve materials properties and even open up new fields of research.
Abstract: Interactions of “organic fluorine” have gained great interest not only in the context of crystal engineering, but also in the systematic design of functional materials. The first part of this tutorial review presents an overview on interactions known by organic fluorine. This involves π–πF, C–F⋯H, F⋯F, C–F⋯πF, C–F⋯π, C–F⋯M+, C–F⋯CO and anion–πF interactions, as well as other halogen bonds. The effect of the exchange of H vs. F is discussed by means of several examples and a short introduction to the young field of “fluorous” chemistry is given. The second part is dedicated to numerous applications of fluorine and fluorous interactions. It is shown how application of fluorination is used to enable a number of reactions, to improve materials properties and even open up new fields of research.

885 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
10 Mar 1970

8,159 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated conditions sufficient for identification of average treatment effects using instrumental variables and showed that the existence of valid instruments is not sufficient to identify any meaningful average treatment effect.
Abstract: We investigate conditions sufficient for identification of average treatment effects using instrumental variables. First we show that the existence of valid instruments is not sufficient to identify any meaningful average treatment effect. We then establish that the combination of an instrument and a condition on the relation between the instrument and the participation status is sufficient for identification of a local average treatment effect for those who can be induced to change their participation status by changing the value of the instrument. Finally we derive the probability limit of the standard IV estimator under these conditions. It is seen to be a weighted average of local average treatment effects.

3,154 citations

01 Dec 1991
TL;DR: In this article, self-assembly is defined as the spontaneous association of molecules under equilibrium conditions into stable, structurally well-defined aggregates joined by noncovalent bonds.
Abstract: Molecular self-assembly is the spontaneous association of molecules under equilibrium conditions into stable, structurally well-defined aggregates joined by noncovalent bonds. Molecular self-assembly is ubiquitous in biological systems and underlies the formation of a wide variety of complex biological structures. Understanding self-assembly and the associated noncovalent interactions that connect complementary interacting molecular surfaces in biological aggregates is a central concern in structural biochemistry. Self-assembly is also emerging as a new strategy in chemical synthesis, with the potential of generating nonbiological structures with dimensions of 1 to 10(2) nanometers (with molecular weights of 10(4) to 10(10) daltons). Structures in the upper part of this range of sizes are presently inaccessible through chemical synthesis, and the ability to prepare them would open a route to structures comparable in size (and perhaps complementary in function) to those that can be prepared by microlithography and other techniques of microfabrication.

2,591 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The specific advantages brought up by a design based on the use of the halogen bond will be demonstrated in quite different fields spanning from material sciences to biomolecular recognition and drug design.
Abstract: The halogen bond occurs when there is evidence of a net attractive interaction between an electrophilic region associated with a halogen atom in a molecular entity and a nucleophilic region in another, or the same, molecular entity. In this fairly extensive review, after a brief history of the interaction, we will provide the reader with a snapshot of where the research on the halogen bond is now, and, perhaps, where it is going. The specific advantages brought up by a design based on the use of the halogen bond will be demonstrated in quite different fields spanning from material sciences to biomolecular recognition and drug design.

2,582 citations

Book
16 Mar 2009
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a combination table of C NMR Spectroscopy, H NMR and Heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy with IR and Mass Spectrometry.
Abstract: Summary Tables.- Combination Tables.- C NMR Spectroscopy.- H NMR Spectroscopy.- Heteronuclear NMR Spectroscopy.- IR Spectroscopy.- Mass Spectrometry.- UV/Vis Spectroscopy.

2,180 citations