Other affiliations: University of Manchester, Polytechnic University of Turin, Imperial College London
Bio: Pierluigi Mancarella is an academic researcher from University of Melbourne. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Demand response & Distributed generation. The author has an hindex of 51, co-authored 303 publication(s) receiving 10667 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Pierluigi Mancarella include University of Manchester & Polytechnic University of Turin.
Topics: Demand response, Distributed generation, Cogeneration, Electric power system, Flexibility (engineering)
Pierluigi Mancarella1•Institutions (1)
Abstract: MES (multi-energy systems) whereby electricity, heat, cooling, fuels, transport, and so on optimally interact with each other at various levels (for instance, within a district, city or region) represent an important opportunity to increase technical, economic and environmental performance relative to “classical” energy systems whose sectors are treated “separately” or “independently”. This performance improvement can take place at both the operational and the planning stage. While such systems and in particular systems with distributed generation of multiple energy vectors (DMG (distributed multi-generation)) can be a key option to decarbonize the energy sector, the approaches needed to model and relevant tools to analyze them are often of great complexity. Likewise, it is not straightforward to identify performance metrics that are capable to properly capture costs and benefits that are relating to various types of MES according to different criteria. The aim of this invited paper is thus to provide the reader with a comprehensive and critical overview of the latest models and assessment techniques that are currently available to analyze MES and in particular DMG systems, including for instance concepts such as energy hubs, microgrids, and VPPs (virtual power plants), as well as various approaches and criteria for energy, environmental, and techno-economic assessment.
Abstract: The recent development of efficient thermal prime movers for distributed generation is changing the focus of the production of electricity from large centralized power plants to local generation units scattered over the territory. The scientific community is addressing the analysis and planning of distributed energy resources with widespread approaches, taking into account technical, environmental, economic and social issues. The coupling of cogeneration systems to absorption/electric chillers or heat pumps, as well as the interactions with renewable sources, allow for setting up multi-generation systems for combined local production of different energy vectors such as electricity, heat (at different enthalpy levels), cooling power, hydrogen, various chemical substances, and so forth. Adoption of composite multi-generation systems may lead to significant benefits in terms of higher energy efficiency, reduced CO2 emissions, and enhanced economy. In this light, a key direction for improving the characteristics of the local energy production concerns the integration of the concepts of distributed energy resources and combined production of different energy vectors into a comprehensive distributed multi-generation (DMG) framework that entails various approaches to energy planning currently available in the literature. This paper outlines the main aspects of the DMG framework, illustrating its characteristics and summarizing the relevant DMG structures. The presentation is backed by an extended review of the most recent journal publications and reports.
TL;DR: A comprehensive modelling research framework is outlined, which can help understand and model the impact of extreme weather on power systems and how this can be prevented or mitigated in the future.
Abstract: A key driver for developing more sustainable energy systems is to decrease the effects of climate change, which could include an increase in the frequency, intensity and duration of severe weather events. Amongst others, extreme weather has a significant impact on critical infrastructures, and is considered one of the main causes of wide-area electrical disturbances worldwide. In fact, weather-related power interruptions often tend to be of high impact and sustained duration, ranging from hours to days, because of the large damage on transmission and distribution facilities. Hence, enhancing the grid resilience to such events is becoming of increasing interest. In this outlook, this paper first discusses the influence of weather and climate change on the reliability and operation of power system components. Since modelling the impact of weather is a difficult task because of its stochastic and unpredicted nature, a review of existing methodologies is provided in order to get an understanding of the key modelling approaches, challenges and requirements for assessing the effect of extreme weather on the frequency and duration of power system blackouts. Then, the emerging concept of resilience is discussed in the context of power systems as critical infrastructure, including several defense plans for boosting the resilience of power systems to extreme weather events. A comprehensive modelling research framework is finally outlined, which can help understand and model the impact of extreme weather on power systems and how this can be prevented or mitigated in the future.
Abstract: INCREASING THE RESILIENCE of critical power infrastructures to high-impact, low-probability events, such as extreme weather phenomena driven by climate change, is of key importance for keeping the lights on. However, what does resilience really mean? Should we build a stronger and bigger grid or a smarter one? This article discusses a conceptual framework of power system resilience, its key features, and potential enhancement measures.
Abstract: Power-to-gas (P2G) is the process whereby electricity is used to produce hydrogen or synthetic natural gas The electricity for the P2G process could, for instance, come from renewable energy which would otherwise be curtailed due to system or line constraints The existing natural gas network could then potentially be used as a means to store, transport, and reutilize this energy, thus preventing its waste While there are several ongoing discussions on P2G in different countries, these are generally not backed by quantitative studies on its potential network implications and benefits To bridge this gap, this paper introduces an original methodology to analyze different P2G processes and assess their operational impacts on both electricity and gas transmission networks This is carried out by using a novel integrated model specifically developed for the simulation of operational interdependences between the two networks considering P2G To demonstrate the several innovative features of the proposed model, technical, environmental, and economic operational aspects of P2G and its potential benefits are analyzed on the case of the Great Britains system, also providing insights into relief of gas and electrical transmission network constraints
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: This research examines the interaction between demand and socioeconomic attributes through Mixed Logit models and the state of art in the field of automatic transport systems in the CityMobil project.
Abstract: 2 1 The innovative transport systems and the CityMobil project 10 1.1 The research questions 10 2 The state of art in the field of automatic transport systems 12 2.1 Case studies and demand studies for innovative transport systems 12 3 The design and implementation of surveys 14 3.1 Definition of experimental design 14 3.2 Questionnaire design and delivery 16 3.3 First analyses on the collected sample 18 4 Calibration of Logit Multionomial demand models 21 4.1 Methodology 21 4.2 Calibration of the “full” model. 22 4.3 Calibration of the “final” model 24 4.4 The demand analysis through the final Multinomial Logit model 25 5 The analysis of interaction between the demand and socioeconomic attributes 31 5.1 Methodology 31 5.2 Application of Mixed Logit models to the demand 31 5.3 Analysis of the interactions between demand and socioeconomic attributes through Mixed Logit models 32 5.4 Mixed Logit model and interaction between age and the demand for the CTS 38 5.5 Demand analysis with Mixed Logit model 39 6 Final analyses and conclusions 45 6.1 Comparison between the results of the analyses 45 6.2 Conclusions 48 6.3 Answers to the research questions and future developments 52
Author's H-index: 51