Author

# Pierre-Antoine Absil

Other affiliations: Florida State University, University College London, Catholic University of Leuven ...read more

Bio: Pierre-Antoine Absil is an academic researcher from Université catholique de Louvain. The author has contributed to research in topics: Rank (linear algebra) & Manifold. The author has an hindex of 40, co-authored 201 publications receiving 9026 citations. Previous affiliations of Pierre-Antoine Absil include Florida State University & University College London.

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Open University

^{1}TL;DR: Optimization Algorithms on Matrix Manifolds offers techniques with broad applications in linear algebra, signal processing, data mining, computer vision, and statistical analysis and will be of interest to applied mathematicians, engineers, and computer scientists.

Abstract: Many problems in the sciences and engineering can be rephrased as optimization problems on matrix search spaces endowed with a so-called manifold structure. This book shows how to exploit the special structure of such problems to develop efficient numerical algorithms. It places careful emphasis on both the numerical formulation of the algorithm and its differential geometric abstraction--illustrating how good algorithms draw equally from the insights of differential geometry, optimization, and numerical analysis. Two more theoretical chapters provide readers with the background in differential geometry necessary to algorithmic development. In the other chapters, several well-known optimization methods such as steepest descent and conjugate gradients are generalized to abstract manifolds. The book provides a generic development of each of these methods, building upon the material of the geometric chapters. It then guides readers through the calculations that turn these geometrically formulated methods into concrete numerical algorithms. The state-of-the-art algorithms given as examples are competitive with the best existing algorithms for a selection of eigenspace problems in numerical linear algebra. Optimization Algorithms on Matrix Manifolds offers techniques with broad applications in linear algebra, signal processing, data mining, computer vision, and statistical analysis. It can serve as a graduate-level textbook and will be of interest to applied mathematicians, engineers, and computer scientists.

2,586 citations

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TL;DR: The Manopt toolbox as discussed by the authors is a user-friendly, documented piece of software dedicated to simplify experimenting with state-of-the-art Riemannian optimization algorithms.

Abstract: Optimization on manifolds is a rapidly developing branch of nonlinear optimization. Its focus is on problems where the smooth geometry of the search space can be leveraged to design efficient numerical algorithms. In particular, optimization on manifolds is well-suited to deal with rank and orthogonality constraints. Such structured constraints appear pervasively in machine learning applications, including low-rank matrix completion, sensor network localization, camera network registration, independent component analysis, metric learning, dimensionality reduction and so on.
The Manopt toolbox, available at www.manopt.org, is a user-friendly, documented piece of software dedicated to simplify experimenting with state of the art Riemannian optimization algorithms. By dealing internally with most of the differential geometry, the package aims particularly at lowering the entrance barrier.

775 citations

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TL;DR: A general scheme for trust-region methods on Riemannian manifolds is proposed and analyzed, and particular attention is paid to the truncated conjugate-gradient technique.

Abstract: A general scheme for trust-region methods on Riemannian manifolds is proposed and analyzed. Among the various approaches available to (approximately) solve the trust-region subproblems, particular attention is paid to the truncated conjugate-gradient technique. The method is illustrated on problems from numerical linear algebra.

452 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, simple formulas for the canonical metric, gradient, Lie derivative, Riemannian connection, parallel translation, geodesics and distance on the Grassmann manifold of p-planes in R n were given.

Abstract: We give simple formulas for the canonical metric, gradient, Lie derivative, Riemannian connection, parallel translation, geodesics and distance on the Grassmann manifold of p-planes in R n . In these formulas, p-planes are represented as the column space of n × p matrices. The Newton method on abstract Riemannian manifolds proposed by Smith is made explicit on the Grassmann manifold. Two applications - computing an invariant subspace of a matrix and the mean of subspaces - are worked out.

393 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that the iterates of numerical descent algorithms, for an analytic cost function, share this convergence property if they satisfy certain natural descent conditions and strengthen classical "weak convergence" results for descent methods to "strong limit-point convergence" for a large class of cost functions of practical interest.

Abstract: In the early eighties Lojasiewicz [in Seminari di Geometria 1982-1983, Universita di Bologna, Istituto di Geometria, Dipartimento di Matematica, 1984, pp. 115--117] proved that a bounded solution of a gradient flow for an analytic cost function converges to a well-defined limit point. In this paper, we show that the iterates of numerical descent algorithms, for an analytic cost function, share this convergence property if they satisfy certain natural descent conditions. The results obtained are applicable to a broad class of optimization schemes and strengthen classical "weak convergence" results for descent methods to "strong limit-point convergence" for a large class of cost functions of practical interest. The result does not require that the cost has isolated critical points and requires no assumptions on the convexity of the cost nor any nondegeneracy conditions on the Hessian of the cost at critical points.

294 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) is presented.

Abstract: Deposits of clastic carbonate-dominated (calciclastic) sedimentary slope systems in the rock record have been identified mostly as linearly-consistent carbonate apron deposits, even though most ancient clastic carbonate slope deposits fit the submarine fan systems better. Calciclastic submarine fans are consequently rarely described and are poorly understood. Subsequently, very little is known especially in mud-dominated calciclastic submarine fan systems. Presented in this study are a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) that reveals a >250 m thick calciturbidite complex deposited in a calciclastic submarine fan setting. Seven facies are recognised from core and thin section characterisation and are grouped into three carbonate turbidite sequences. They include: 1) Calciturbidites, comprising mostly of highto low-density, wavy-laminated bioclast-rich facies; 2) low-density densite mudstones which are characterised by planar laminated and unlaminated muddominated facies; and 3) Calcidebrites which are muddy or hyper-concentrated debrisflow deposits occurring as poorly-sorted, chaotic, mud-supported floatstones. These

9,929 citations

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TL;DR: Some of the major results in random graphs and some of the more challenging open problems are reviewed, including those related to the WWW.

Abstract: We will review some of the major results in random graphs and some of the more challenging open problems. We will cover algorithmic and structural questions. We will touch on newer models, including those related to the WWW.

7,116 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that if a certain restricted isometry property holds for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum-rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely, the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space.

Abstract: The affine rank minimization problem consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank that satisfies a given system of linear equality constraints. Such problems have appeared in the literature of a diverse set of fields including system identification and control, Euclidean embedding, and collaborative filtering. Although specific instances can often be solved with specialized algorithms, the general affine rank minimization problem is NP-hard because it contains vector cardinality minimization as a special case.
In this paper, we show that if a certain restricted isometry property holds for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum-rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely, the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space. We present several random ensembles of equations where the restricted isometry property holds with overwhelming probability, provided the codimension of the subspace is sufficiently large.
The techniques used in our analysis have strong parallels in the compressed sensing framework. We discuss how affine rank minimization generalizes this preexisting concept and outline a dictionary relating concepts from cardinality minimization to those of rank minimization. We also discuss several algorithmic approaches to minimizing the nuclear norm and illustrate our results with numerical examples.

3,432 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that if a certain restricted isometry property holds for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum-rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely, the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space.

Abstract: The affine rank minimization problem consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank that satisfies a given system of linear equality constraints. Such problems have appeared in the literature of a diverse set of fields including system identification and control, Euclidean embedding, and collaborative filtering. Although specific instances can often be solved with specialized algorithms, the general affine rank minimization problem is NP-hard because it contains vector cardinality minimization as a special case.
In this paper, we show that if a certain restricted isometry property holds for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum-rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely, the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space. We present several random ensembles of equations where the restricted isometry property holds with overwhelming probability, provided the codimension of the subspace is sufficiently large.
The techniques used in our analysis have strong parallels in the compressed sensing framework. We discuss how affine rank minimization generalizes this preexisting concept and outline a dictionary relating concepts from cardinality minimization to those of rank minimization. We also discuss several algorithmic approaches to minimizing the nuclear norm and illustrate our results with numerical examples.

2,742 citations