Prakash C. Jha
Bio: Prakash C. Jha is an academic researcher from Central University of Gujarat. The author has contributed to research in topics: Pharmacophore & Virtual screening. The author has an hindex of 19, co-authored 134 publications receiving 1344 citations. Previous affiliations of Prakash C. Jha include Royal Institute of Technology & University of Delhi.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the boron sheet was functionalized with different elemental dopants like carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, sulphur, and lithium and determined the adsorption energy for each case while hydrogen and oxygen are on top of the doping site.
Abstract: The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) have been envisaged on a two-dimensional (2D) boron sheet through electronic structure calculations based on a density functional theory framework. To date, boron sheets are the lightest 2D material and, therefore, exploring the catalytic activity of such a monolayer system would be quite intuitive both from fundamental and application perspectives. We have functionalized the boron sheet (BS) with different elemental dopants like carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, sulphur, and lithium and determined the adsorption energy for each case while hydrogen and oxygen are on top of the doping site of the boron sheet. The free energy calculated from the individual adsorption energy for each functionalized BS subsequently guides us to predict which case of functionalization serves better for the HER or the OER.
TL;DR: The molecular docking studies revealed the binding modes of these compounds in active site of enoyl reductase (InhA, which in turn helped to establish a structural basis of inhibition of mycobacteria, which makes them valid lead compounds for further optimization.
Abstract: A series of indole and pyridine based 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives 5a-t were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antitubercular activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra (MTB) and Mycobacterium bovis BCG both in active and dormant state. Compounds 5b, 5e, 5g and 5q exhibited very good antitubercular activity. All the newly synthesized compounds 5a-t were further evaluated for anti-proliferative activity against HeLa, A549 and PANC-1 cell lines using modified MTT assay and found to be noncytotoxic. On the basis of cytotoxicity and MIC values against Mycobacterium bovis BCG, selectivity index (SI) of most active compounds 5b, 5e, 5g and 5q was calculated (SI=GI50/MIC) in active and dormant state. Compounds 5b, 5e and 5g demonstrated SI values ⩾10 against all three cell lines and were found to safe for advance screening. Compounds 5a-t were further screened for their antibacterial activity against four bacteria strains to assess their selectivity towards MTB. In addition, the molecular docking studies revealed the binding modes of these compounds in active site of enoyl reductase (InhA), which in turn helped to establish a structural basis of inhibition of mycobacteria. The potency, low cytotoxicity and selectivity of these compounds make them valid lead compounds for further optimization.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the catalytic activity of ultrathin PtS2 and WS2 nanostructures for the hydrogen evolution reaction by electronic structure calculations based on the spin-polarized d
Abstract: In this study, we investigated the catalytic activity of ultrathin PtS2 and WS2 nanostructures for the hydrogen evolution reaction by electronic structure calculations based on the spin-polarised d ...
TL;DR: In silico molecular docking studies not only validated the observed binding trend but also provided insight into the binding mode of the polyelectrolyte-DNA complex, which is dominated by electrostatic interactions.
Abstract: Nonviral gene delivery vectors are acquiring greater attention in the field of gene therapy by replacing the biological viral vectors. DNA-cationic polymer complexes are one of the most promising systems to find application in gene therapy. Hence, a complete insight of their biophysical characterization and binding energy profile is important in understanding the mechanism involved in nonviral gene therapy. In this investigation, the interaction between calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) and imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquids) (PILs) also known as polyelectrolytes with three different alkyl side chains (ethyl, butyl, and hexyl) in physiological conditions using various spectroscopic experiments with constant DNA concentration and varying polyelectrolyte concentrations is reported. UV-visible absorption, fluorescence quenching studies, gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism (CD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) have confirmed the binding of polyelectrolytes with DNA. UV-vis absorption measurements and fluorescence quenching revealed that the binding between DNA and the polyelectrolyte is dominated by electrostatic interactions. Additionally, CD and FTIR results indicated that the DNA retained its B-form with minor perturbation in the phosphate backbone without significant change in the conformation of its base pairs. Preference for alkyl side chains (K(PIL-Ethyl Br) < K(PIL-Butyl Br) < K(PIL-Hexyl Br)) toward efficient binding between the polyelectrolyte and DNA was inferred from the binding and quenching constants calculated from the absorption and emission spectra, respectively. Further, in silico molecular docking studies not only validated the observed binding trend but also provided insight into the binding mode of the polyelectrolyte-DNA complex.
08 Nov 2006
TL;DR: Density functional theory has been used for the calculation of electronic structures, vertical electron affinities and intramolecular reorganization energies for bis-aryl substituted triazole and t... as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Density functional theory has been used for the calculation of electronic structures, vertical electron affinities and intramolecular reorganization energies for bis-aryl substituted triazole and t ...
TL;DR: The accumulated data on the biological activity of ionic liquids, including their antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties, are discussed in view of possible applications in drug synthesis and drug delivery systems.
Abstract: Ionic liquids are remarkable chemical compounds, which find applications in many areas of modern science. Because of their highly tunable nature and exceptional properties, ionic liquids have become essential players in the fields of synthesis and catalysis, extraction, electrochemistry, analytics, biotechnology, etc. Apart from physical and chemical features of ionic liquids, their high biological activity has been attracting significant attention from biochemists, ecologists, and medical scientists. This Review is dedicated to biological activities of ionic liquids, with a special emphasis on their potential employment in pharmaceutics and medicine. The accumulated data on the biological activity of ionic liquids, including their antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties, are discussed in view of possible applications in drug synthesis and drug delivery systems. Dedicated attention is given to a novel active pharmaceutical ingredient-ionic liquid (API-IL) concept, which suggests using traditional drugs in ...
TL;DR: The research expands the understanding of the nature of hydrogen bonding by delineating the interaction between hydrogen bonds and photons, thereby providing a basis for excited-state hydrogen bonding studies in photophysics, photochemistry, and photobiology.
Abstract: Because of its fundamental importance in many branches of science, hydrogen bonding is a subject of intense contemporary research interest. The physical and chemical properties of hydrogen bonds in the ground state have been widely studied both experimentally and theoretically by chemists, physicists, and biologists. However, hydrogen bonding in the electronic excited state, which plays an important role in many photophysical processes and photochemical reactions, has scarcely been investigated.Upon electronic excitation of hydrogen-bonded systems by light, the hydrogen donor and acceptor molecules must reorganize in the electronic excited state because of the significant charge distribution difference between the different electronic states. The electronic excited-state hydrogen-bonding dynamics, which are predominantly determined by the vibrational motions of the hydrogen donor and acceptor groups, generally occur on ultrafast time scales of hundreds of femtoseconds. As a result, state-of-the-art femtos...
TL;DR: Time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) has become a well-established part of the modern theoretical chemist's toolbox for treating electronic excited states as mentioned in this paper. Yet, though applications of TDDFT abound in quantum chemistry, review articles specifically focusing on TDDFTs for chemical applications are relatively rare.
Abstract: Time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) has become a well-established part of the modern theoretical chemist's toolbox for treating electronic excited states. Yet, though applications of TDDFT abound in quantum chemistry, review articles specifically focusing on TDDFT for chemical applications are relatively rare. This article helps to fill the void by first giving a historical review of TDDFT, with emphasis on molecular excitations and aspects of TDDFT which are important for quantum chemical applications, followed by a discussion of some modern evolutions with emphasis on the articles in this volume, and ending with a few thoughts about the future of TDDFT.
TL;DR: In this article, a review on the photophysical processes associated with the formation of triplet states and their decay, as well as the energy levels and energy transfer processes of the triplet spin states are presented.
Abstract: Today's technology is not possible without optoelectronic devices such as light-emitting diodes, transistors and solar cells. These basic units of modern electronic appliances may be made not only from traditional inorganic semiconductors, but also from organic semiconductors, i.e. hydrocarbon molecules that combine semiconducting properties with some mechanical properties such as easy processability and flexibility. The weak van der Waals forces that bind the molecules to a solid imply a low dielectric constant, so that coulomb and exchange interactions between electrons are significant. As a result, photoexcitation or electrical excitation results in strongly bound electron–hole pairs, so-called excitons. Depending on the relative orientation of the electron and hole spin, the exciton may be of a overall singlet or triplet spin state. While the fluorescent singlet state has been investigated intensively since the first reports of organic electroluminescence, research into the properties of the phosphorescent triplet state has intensified mainly during the last decade. In this review we give an overview on the photophysical processes associated with the formation of triplet states and their decay, as well as the energy levels and energy transfer processes of triplet states. We aim to give a careful introduction for those new to this particular research area as well as to highlight some of the current research issues and intriguing questions for those familiar with the field. The main focus of this review is on molecular assemblies and polymer films, though relevant work on molecular crystals is also included where it assists in forming a larger picture.
TL;DR: This review will first overview the emerging 2D materials and then offer a clear guideline of varied physical and chemical strategies for tuning their properties and assembly strategies of2D materials will also be included.
Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous research interest since the breakthrough of graphene. Their unique optical, electronic, and mechanical properties hold great potential for harnessing them as key components in novel applications for electronics and optoelectronics. Their atomic thickness and exposed huge surface even make them highly designable and manipulable, leading to the extensive application potentials. What's more, after acquiring the qualification for being the candidate for next-generation devices, the assembly of 2D materials monomers into mass or ordered structure is also of great importance, which will determine their ultimate industrialization. By designing the monomers and regulating their assembling behavior, the exploration of 2D materials toward the next-generation circuits can be spectacularly achieved. In this review, we will first overview the emerging 2D materials and then offer a clear guideline of varied physical and chemical strategies for tuning their properties. Furthermore, assembly strategies of 2D materials will also be included. Finally, challenges and outlooks in this promising field are featured on the basis of its current progress.