Author

# R. Harrington

Bio: R. Harrington is an academic researcher from Syracuse University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Integral equation & Method of moments (statistics). The author has an hindex of 15, co-authored 33 publications receiving 1146 citations.

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this paper, several techniques for the computation of the line response, starting from the known circuit-theory parameters, are presented and evaluated, such as time-stepping solution of the telegrapher equations, modal analysis in the time domain, model analysis in frequency domain, and a convolution technique which uses line Green's functions.

Abstract: Evaluation of the time-domain response of multiconductor transmission lines is of great importance in the analysis of the crosstalk in fast digital circuit interconnections, as well as in the analysis of power lines. Several techniques for the computation of the line response, starting from the known circuit-theory parameters, are presented and evaluated. These methods are: time-stepping solution of the telegrapher equations, modal analysis in the time domain, model analysis in the frequency domain, and a convolution technique which uses line Green's functions. The last method can treat the most general case of lossy transmission lines with nonlinear terminal networks. Numerical and experimental results are presented to illustrate these techniques and to give insight into the crosstalk problems in fast digital circuits.

323 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a moment solution to the electric field integral equation on the surface is presented for the electric current and electric charge induced on a perfectly conducting surface illuminated by an incident electromagnetic field.

Abstract: A new E -field solution is presented for the electric current and electric charge induced on a perfectly conducting surface illuminated by an incident electromagnetic field. This solution is a moment solution to the electric field integral equation on the surface. The expansion functions consist of a set of functions suitable for expanding the magnetostatic current and a set of functions whose surface divergences are suitable for expanding the electrostatic charge. The testing functions are similar to the expansion functions. With these expansion and testing functions, the new E -field solution works well with surfaces whose maximum dimension may be as small as 10^{-15} wavelengths or as large as a few wavelengths. Previous E -field solutions begin to deteriorate when the maximum dimension of the surface falls below a few hundredths of a wavelength. The new E -field solution is applied to a conducting circular disk and a conducting sphere.

147 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the equivalent circuit of a via connecting two semi-infinitely long transmission lines through a circular hole in a ground plane is found, and the pi-type equivalent circuit consists of two excess capacitances and an excess inductance.

Abstract: The equivalent circuit of a via connecting two semi-infinitely long transmission lines through a circular hole in a ground plane is found. The pi -type equivalent circuit consists of two excess capacitances and an excess inductance. These are quasistatic quantities and thus are computed statically by the method of moments from integral equations. The integral equations are established by introducing a sheet of magnetic current in the electrostatic case and a layer of magnetic charge in the magnetostatic case. Parametric plots of the excess capacitances, the excess inductance, and the characteristic admittance of the via are given. >

138 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a simple equivalent circuit for the narrow slot was developed, and the effect of loading the slot with a lossy dielectric was also considered. But it is not shown that the slot becomes resonant for certain screen thicknesses, and exceptionally large transmission of energy may occur.

Abstract: The general formulas for electromagnetic transmission through an infinitely long slot in a perfectly conducting screen of finite thickness are specialized to the case of a narrow slot. The slot may be filled with a homogeneous isotropic material. A simple equivalent circuit for the narrow slot is developed. It is found that for certain screen thicknesses the slot becomes resonant, and exceptionally large transmission of energy may occur. In fact, as the slot width approaches zero, the transmission width at resonance becomes 1/\pi wavelengths regardless of the actual slot width. The effect of loading the slot with a lossy dielectric is also considered. Computations are given to illustrate the validity of the equivalent circuit model and the accuracy of transmission characteristics computed from it.

102 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the general 3D aperture coupling problem is formulated in terms of an integral equation for the equivalent magnetic current in the aperture, which is numerically solved by the method of moments.

Abstract: The general 3-D aperture coupling problem is formulated in terms of an integral equation for the equivalent magnetic current in the aperture, which is numerically solved by the method of moments. The aperture is characterized by two aperture admittance matrices, one for the exterior region and the other for the interior region. These two admittance matrices are determined separately but in a similar manner if the pseudo-image method is used. Numerically workable expressions are developed for the two aperture admittance matrices by decomposing each of them into a half-space admittance matrix and a supplementary admittance matrix. The half-space admittance is relatively easy to compute and has been investigated in the literature. The supplementary admittance matrix is expressed in terms of the generalized impedance combining the existing numerical codes for an arbitrarily shaped scatterer and for an arbitrary aperture in a conducting plane, one can obtain a code which is especially designed for an arbitrary aperture in a conducting surface of arbitrary shape. >

58 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors outline a methodology for the computation of the response of a multiconductor transmission line terminated by linear networks, where the lines are embedded in a multilayered lossy dielectric media and have arbitrary cross sections, but uniform along the length.

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to outline a methodology for the computation of the response of a multiconductor transmission line terminated by linear networks. The lines are embedded in a multilayered lossy dielectric media and have arbitrary cross sections, but uniform along the length. To check the accuracy of the theoretical results, extensive experimental verification has been carried out.

1,210 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a perspective on the recent developments in the transmission of light through subwavelength apertures in metal films, and the physical mechanisms operating in the different structures considered are analyzed within a common theoretical framework.

Abstract: This review provides a perspective on the recent developments in the transmission of light through subwavelength apertures in metal films. The main focus is on the phenomenon of extraordinary optical transmission in periodic hole arrays, discovered over a decade ago. It is shown that surface electromagnetic modes play a key role in the emergence of the resonant transmission. These modes are also shown to be at the root of both the enhanced transmission and beaming of light found in single apertures surrounded by periodic corrugations. This review describes both the theoretical and experimental aspects of the subject. For clarity, the physical mechanisms operating in the different structures considered are analyzed within a common theoretical framework. Several applications based on the transmission properties of subwavelength apertures are also addressed.

1,103 citations

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TL;DR: Numerical Techniques in Electromagnetics is designed to show the reader how to pose, numerically analyze, and solve electromagnetic (EM) problems using a variety of available numerical methods.

Abstract: Numerical Techniques in Electromagnetics is designed to show the reader how to pose, numerically analyze, and solve electromagnetic (EM) problems. It gives them the ability to expand their problem-solving skills using a variety of available numerical methods. Topics covered include fundamental concepts in EM; numerical methods; finite difference methods; variational methods, including moment methods and finite element methods; transmission-line matrix or modeling (TLM); and Monte Carlo methods. The simplicity of presentation of topics throughout the book makes this an ideal text for teaching or self-study by senior undergraduates, graduate students, and practicing engineers.

661 citations

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TL;DR: In this review paper various high-speed interconnect effects are briefly discussed, recent advances in transmission line macromodeling techniques are presented, and simulation of high- speed interconnects using model-reduction-based algorithms is discussed in detail.

Abstract: With the rapid developments in very large-scale integration (VLSI) technology, design and computer-aided design (CAD) techniques, at both the chip and package level, the operating frequencies are fast reaching the vicinity of gigahertz and switching times are getting to the subnanosecond levels. The ever increasing quest for high-speed applications is placing higher demands on interconnect performance and highlighted the previously negligible effects of interconnects such as ringing, signal delay, distortion, reflections, and crosstalk. In this review paper various high-speed interconnect effects are briefly discussed. In addition, recent advances in transmission line macromodeling techniques are presented. Also, simulation of high-speed interconnects using model-reduction-based algorithms is discussed in detail.

630 citations

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TL;DR: Important relevant knowledge for integral equations are consolidated in one place and researchers need only read the pertinent chapters in this book to gain important knowledge needed for integral equation research.

Abstract: Integral Equation Methods for Electromagnetic and Elastic Waves is an outgrowth of several years of work. There have been no recent books on integral equation methods. There are books written on integral equations, but either they have been around for a while, or they were written by mathematicians. Much of the knowledge in integral equation methods still resides in journal papers. With this book, important relevant knowledge for integral equations are consolidated in one place and researchers need only read the pertinent chapters in this book to gain important knowledge needed for integral equation research. Also, learning the fundamentals of linear elastic wave theory does not require a quantum leap for electromagnetic practitioners. Integral equation methods have been around for several decades, and their introduction to electromagnetics has been due to the seminal works of Richmond and Harrington in the 1960s. There was a surge in the interest in this topic in the 1980s (notably the work of Wilton and his coworkers) due to increased computing power. The interest in this area was on the wane when it was demonstrated that differential equation methods, with their sparse matrices, can solve many problems more efficiently than integral equation methods. Recently, due to the advent of fast algorithms, there has been a revival in integral equation methods in electromagnetics. Much of our work in recent years has been in fast algorithms for integral equations, which prompted our interest in integral equation methods. While previously, only tens of thousands of unknowns could be solved by integral equation methods, now, tens of millions of unknowns can be solved with fast algorithms. This has prompted new enthusiasm in integral equation methods.

426 citations