Bio: R Kimball is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Poison control. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 3 citations.
Topics: Poison control
TL;DR: In this paper, an analysis of several telephone conversations between FBI negotiators and David Koresh during the 51-day FBI-Branch Davidian standoff outside Waco, Texas, in 1993 is presented.
Abstract: This study is an analysis of several telephone conversations between FBI negotiators and David Koresh during the 51-day FBI—Branch Davidian standoff outside Waco, Texas, in 1993. The analysis shows how different reframing practices reveal interactional troubles the negotiators faced in dealing with the incompatibility of their legal frame for the situation and the Davidians' religious one. These practices shed new light on reframing in crisis negotiation steeped in moral conflict, describing it as a problematic conversational practice rather than a prescribed path to resolution.
01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: In the case of the Waco Church massacre, the government agencies' need to save face and justify their dead meant a violent outcome was most likely as mentioned in this paper, which led to the deaths of the people inside the church on April 19, 1993.
Abstract: On February 28, 1993, agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms raided a communal church outside of Waco, Texas in an attempt to serve a search warrant for suspected weapons violations. At the raid were several members of the local media, who had been contacted by the BATF to gain publicity. Members of the church, however, knew of the raid beforehand, and a gun fight broke between the two groups. Four agents lost their lives in the fight, which had been taped and broadcast nationally. Those inside the church refused to exit the building. Angry over the refusal to surrender and embarrassed that a federal agency was defeated in a gun fight on national television, the Federal Bureau of Investigations took control of the situation, cutting communication from the church, subjecting church members to psychological warfare, demonizing those in the church through the media, and preparing for a final confrontation with the church using military weapons and vehicles. On April 19, 1993, Attorney General Janet Reno ordered that the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s plan to remove people from the church be executed. The FBI and members of the Army’s Special Forces, using tanks, mortars, and grenades, subjected those inside the church to a six hour tear gas assault, and destroyed parts of the building. Finally, three fires destroyed the church, killing nearly eighty men, women, and children, in what the FBI labeled a “mass suicide”. Whether or not this claim was true, a deep seeded desire for revenge led to poor decisionmaking by the Federal Bureau of Investigations, the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms, and Department of Justice, which, in turn, led to the deaths of the people inside the church on April 19, 1993. Because of the embarrassment of the initial raid, the government agencies’ need to save face and justify their dead meant a violent outcome was most likely