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R.L. Fante

Bio: R.L. Fante is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Beam (structure) & Light beam. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 542 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 1975
TL;DR: In this article, the most recent developments on the propagation of optical beams in a turbulent medium, such as the clear atmosphere, are reviewed, including beam spreading, beam wander, loss of coherence, scintillations, angle-of-arrival variations, and short-pulse effects.
Abstract: The most recent developments on the propagation of optical beams in a turbulent medium, such as the clear atmosphere, are reviewed. Among the phenomena considered are beam spreading, beam wander, loss of coherence, scintillations, angle-of-arrival variations, and short-pulse effects.

566 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review begins by reviewing protocols of quantum key distribution based on discrete variable systems, and considers aspects of device independence, satellite challenges, and high rate protocols based on continuous variable systems.
Abstract: Quantum cryptography is arguably the fastest growing area in quantum information science. Novel theoretical protocols are designed on a regular basis, security proofs are constantly improving, and experiments are gradually moving from proof-of-principle lab demonstrations to in-field implementations and technological prototypes. In this paper, we provide both a general introduction and a state-of-the-art description of the recent advances in the field, both theoretical and experimental. We start by reviewing protocols of quantum key distribution based on discrete variable systems. Next we consider aspects of device independence, satellite challenges, and protocols based on continuous-variable systems. We will then discuss the ultimate limits of point-to-point private communications and how quantum repeaters and networks may overcome these restrictions. Finally, we will discuss some aspects of quantum cryptography beyond standard quantum key distribution, including quantum random number generators and quantum digital signatures.

769 citations

01 Jan 1994
TL;DR: In this article, the propagation characteristics of multilayer channel waveguides with multiple quantum well (MQW) materials and with the MQW materials replaced by a single homogeneous material with the root mean square value of the refractive indexes are compared.
Abstract: Using a simple approach based on the scalar finite element method, propagation characteristics of multilayer chan- nel waveguides are calculated. The effective index, modal field, confinement factor, far-field intensity pattern, and radiation angle of the far-field pattern (full width at half maximum intensity) for multilayer channel waveguides formed with multiple quantum well (MQW) materials and with the MQW materials replaced by a single homogeneous material with the root mean square value of the refractive indexes are compared. Numerical results confirm that the root-mean-square-value approximation, which has been widely used for planar MQW (two-dimensional) waveguides, is useful also for MQW channel (three-dimensional) waveguides with a large number of layers.

615 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the weak scatter scintillation theory is reformulated to show explicitly the ramifications of an arbitrarily large ionospheric outer scale, which is applied to representative data sets from the Wideband satellite.
Abstract: In this paper the weak scatter scintillation theory is reformulated to show explicitly the ramifications of an arbitrarily large ionospheric outer scale. The measured temporal phase spectrum, for example, is effectively truncated at a fixed frequency corresponding to the detrend time or the length of the data interval over which it is measured (whichever is smaller). As a consequence, the rms phase exhibits a complicated dependence on the relative irregularity drift velocity and the propagation geometry. This effect has not been included in previous analyses. By comparison, intensity scintillation data are intrinsically high-pass filtered by the diffraction process. By taking advantage of this fact a simple closed form expression for the S4 intensity scintillation index has been derived. The theory is applied to representative data sets from the Wideband satellite. The interpretation of the ionospheric parameters deduced from the analysis is also discussed.

443 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Quantum cryptography is arguably the fastest growing area in quantum information science as mentioned in this paper, and many quantum key distribution protocols have been proposed, both theoretically and experimentally, over the last few decades.
Abstract: Quantum cryptography is arguably the fastest growing area in quantum information science. Novel theoretical protocols are designed on a regular basis, security proofs are constantly improving, and experiments are gradually moving from proof-of-principle lab demonstrations to in-field implementations and technological prototypes. In this review, we provide both a general introduction and a state of the art description of the recent advances in the field, both theoretically and experimentally. We start by reviewing protocols of quantum key distribution based on discrete variable systems. Next we consider aspects of device independence, satellite challenges, and high rate protocols based on continuous variable systems. We will then discuss the ultimate limits of point-to-point private communications and how quantum repeaters and networks may overcome these restrictions. Finally, we will discuss some aspects of quantum cryptography beyond standard quantum key distribution, including quantum data locking and quantum digital signatures.

350 citations

Book ChapterDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a new statistical model for the irradiance fluctuations of an unbounded optical wavefront (plane and spherical waves) propagating through a turbulent medium under all irradiance fluctuation conditions in homogeneous, isotropic turbulence was developed.
Abstract: In this paper we develop a new statistical model for the irradiance fluctuations of an unbounded optical wavefront (plane and spherical waves) propagating through a turbulent medium under all irradiance fluctuation conditions in homogeneous, isotropic turbulence. The major advantage of the model is that leads to closed-form and mathematically-tractable expressions for the fundamental channel statistics of an unbounded optical wavefront under all turbulent regimes. Furthermore, it unifies most of the proposed statistical models for the irradiance fluctuations derived in the bibliography providing, in addition, an excellent agreement with the experimental data.

285 citations