R. S. Mulik
Bio: R. S. Mulik is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar. The author has contributed to research in topics: Electrical discharge machining & Universal testing machine. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 2 citations.
TL;DR: In this paper, an alumina-titania (13 %) coating has been deposited by the air plasma spray process on a mild steel substrate by preheating the substrate to different temperatures.
Abstract: In the present work, an alumina–titania (13 %) coating has been deposited by the air plasma spray process on a mild steel substrate by preheating the substrate to different temperatures. Coating thickness was measured by a scanning electron microscope, the hardness of coatings was measured, and morphology was also checked. The crack compliance technique has been used to determine the residual stress, as it is a very simple method, and also, it is compatible with conventional machining equipment and wire electric discharge machining equipment. Specimens were cut by the diamond cutter up to certain depth in microns, and the strain relieved was recorded. For finding out the residual stress, these recorded values of strain have been used by doing a finite element analysis (FEA) using the ANSYS 15.0 (Ansys, Inc., Canonsburg, PA) software. For validation of the model, uniaxial tension was applied on a sample by using the INSTRON universal testing machine (Instron Inc., Norwood, MA), and strain values at both the coating side and the substrate side were recorded and matched with the model under the same value of the load. After verifying the model, an equation has been developed using the Minitab software (Minitab Inc, Bengaluru, India), and the strains previously recorded were used as an input to the equation obtained, and the value of residual stress was calculated. The maximum value of residual stress was found at the coating–substrate interface, and the values of residual stress for sample preheated at 250°C, 200°C, and 150°C were found to be compressive, with the magnitude of −176.28 MPa, −243.54 MPa, and −255.42 MPa, respectively.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of WC-10Co on the cavitation erosion mechanisms were discussed by compared the differences of volume losses and eroded surface morphologies between the coatings.
Abstract: The (AlCoCrFeNi)1-X(WC-10Co)X composite coatings were fabricated by HVOF spraying and their microstructures, mechanical properties and cavitation erosion behaviors were tested. The effects of WC-10Co on the cavitation erosion mechanisms were discussed by compared the differences of volume losses and eroded surface morphologies between the coatings. The cavitation erosion resistance of the coatings was about 3 times as that of the 06Cr13Ni5Mo steel. With the addition of WC-10Co, the cavitation erosion resistance of the coating was slightly increased. In the initial stage of cavitation erosion test, the cavitation erosion damage was concentrated on the interface, which was caused by the uncoordinated deformation and poor mechanical properties of the interface between HEA and WC-10Co. When the WC-10Co distributed below the HEA region, the WC-10Co played a strong supporting role and improved the impact resistance of the HEA region. The cavitation erosion mechanism of the HEA1 coating was lamellar spalling. The cavitation erosion mechanisms of the HEA2 and HEA3 coatings were particles spalling and lamellar spalling.
TL;DR: High-entropy materials (HEM), including alloys, ceramics, and composites, are a novel class of materials that have gained enormous attention over the past two decades as mentioned in this paper .
Abstract: High-entropy materials (HEM), including alloys, ceramics, and composites, are a novel class of materials that have gained enormous attention over the past two decades. These multi-component novel materials with unique structures always have exceptionally good mechanical properties and phase stability at all temperatures. Of particular interest for high-temperature applications, e.g., in the aerospace and nuclear sectors, is the new concept of high-entropy coatings (HEC) on low-cost metallic substrates, which has just emerged during the last few years. This exciting new virgin field awaits exploration by materials scientists and surface engineers who are often equipped with high-performance computational modelling tools, high-throughput coating deposition technologies and advanced materials testing/characterisation methods, all of which have greatly shortened the development cycle of a new coating from years to months/days. This review article reflects on research progress in the development and application of HEC focusing on high-temperature applications in the context of materials/composition type, coating process selection and desired functional properties. The importance of alloying addition is highlighted, resulting in suppressing oxidation as well as improving corrosion and diffusion resistance in a variety of coating types deposited via common deposition processes. This review provides an overview of this hot topic, highlighting the research challenges, identifying gaps, and suggesting future research activity for high temperature applications.
TL;DR: In this paper, a 3D finite element model was developed, the model was experimentally validated, and the model is used to establish a relationship between applied stress and relaxed strain.
Abstract: Thermal barrier coating (TBC) with Al2O3 and 8YSZ as topcoat constituents has been developed. The commercially available 8YSZ (80% wt.), Al2O3 (17 and 19% wt.) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) (3% and 1% wt.) were plasma sprayed to produce composite coatings. A stress relaxation technique using a slow-speed diamond cutter has been used to relax the strain and determine the through-thickness residual stress in the coatings. A 3D finite element model was developed, the model was experimentally validated, and the model was used to establish a relationship between applied stress and relaxed strain. The addition of alumina increased the compressive residual stress on the surface of the coating by 42%, the addition of 1% MWCNT had a negligible effect on the residual stress on the coating surface. The further addition of MWCNT (3% wt.) resulted in tensile residual stress in the coating as a result of MWCNT agglomeration.
TL;DR: In this paper , the Ni-WC coatings were treated with different preloading depths (0.20 mm, 0.25 mm, and 0.30 mm), and the microstructure and properties of the coatings are characterized by SEM, EDS, X-ray stress analysis, and micro-Vickers hardness testing.
Abstract: Cermet coatings are post-treated by a new surface microcrystallization technology, namely high-temperature-assisted ultrasonic deep rolling (HT + UDR). The process parameters of ultrasonic deep rolling significantly affect the microstructure and tribological properties of the Ni-WC coatings. In this paper, the samples were treated with different preloading depths (0.20 mm, 0.25 mm, and 0.30 mm), and the microstructure and properties of the coatings were characterized by SEM, EDS, X-ray stress analysis, and micro-Vickers hardness testing. An MMW-1A-type friction and wear tester was used for the dry friction and wear test at room temperature, respectively. Compared with the untreated sample, plastic rheology occurred on the surface of the coatings after HT + UDR, showing a phenomenon of “cutting peaks and filling valleys”. In the treated coatings, visible cracks were eliminated, and the inside of the coating was denser. The surface hard phase was increased as a “skeleton” and embedded with the soft phase, which played a role in strong and tough bonding. After HT + UDR + 0.25 mm treatment, the surface roughness increased by 68%, the microhardness of the surface layer reached a maximum of 726.3 HV0.1, and the residual tensile stress changed from 165.5 MPa to −337.9 MPa, which inhibited the germination and propagation of cracks. HT + UDR improved the wear resistance of the coating in many aspects. The coating after the 0.25 mm preloading depth treatment possessed the smallest friction coefficient and the lowest wear amount, which is 0.04 and 4.5 mg, respectively. The wear form was abrasive wear, and the comprehensive tribological performance is the best.