Bio: Rafael Sampedro is an academic researcher from University of Deusto. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 86 citations.
TL;DR: In this article, the perfil of adolescentes that ejercen violencia fisica and verbal contra their progenitores was evaluated. But, the results showed that most of the adolescentes consider the actos of verbal and fisiciamiento verbales to be more frecuentes than those of verbal.
Abstract: ResumenEn este estudio se evaluo el perfil de los adolescentes que ejercen violencia fisica y verbal contra sus progenitores. Participaron 1427 adolescentes (728 chicas, 682 chicos) que contestaron numerosas medidas personales y ambientales. Los resultados mostraron que mientras que las agresiones verbales menos severas, como chillar a los progenitores, ocurren en el 65.8% de los casos, las agresiones fisicas son mucho menos frecuentes (7.2%). La violencia contra los progenitores se asocia a exposicion a la violencia familiar, baja disciplina ejercida por los progenitores, amigos con problemas de conducta, sintomas de depresion, conducta delincuente, consumo de drogas, impulsividad, creencias justificadoras de la violencia y de grandiosidad. Los chicos ejercen mas la violencia fisica mientras que las chicas ejercen mas actos de violencia verbal. Por ultimo, las madres sufren mas actos de violencia verbal que los padres.
TL;DR: A psychological profile that combines internalizing problems and an instrumental use of violence in adolescents who perpetrate CPV is suggested, which should be understood in the context of permissibility and lack of limits within the family.
Abstract: Child-to-parent violence (CPV) includes acts committed by a child to intentionally cause physical, psychological, or financial pain to a parent. Available data indicate increasing rates of CPV in Spain, which have been attributed to a tendency toward more permissive parenting styles and changes in the power cycles within the families. The primary aim of this study was to assess the predictive role of some behavioral and emotional characteristics of adolescents who perpetrate CPV. A total of 1,072 adolescents (601 girls) filled out measures of CPV, proactive and reactive aggression, depressive symptoms, and substance abuse at Time 1, and measures of CPV 6 months later. The results showed that CPV was predicted by proactive, but not by reactive, aggression. This finding supports an instrumental role for CPV, which should be understood in the context of permissibility and lack of limits within the family. Depression and substance abuse also predicted the increase of CPV over time. Moreover, there were no sex...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explored the exposure to violence in different settings (school, community, home, and TV) and its relationship to some variables of the social-cognitive processing (hostile social perception, impulsivity, ability to anticipate the consequences of social behaviors and to select the appropriate means to achieve the goals of social behaviours) in a group of juveniles who assaulted their parents.
Abstract: Research suggests that child-to-parent violence (CPV) is related to a previous history of violence within the family setting. The current study was aimed to explore the exposure to violence in different settings (school, community, home, and TV) and its relationship to some variables of the social-cognitive processing (hostile social perception, impulsivity, ability to anticipate the consequences of social behaviors and to select the appropriate means to achieve the goals of social behaviors) in a group of juveniles who assaulted their parents. It is also examined how they differ from other young offenders and non-offender adolescents. The sample included 90 adolescents from Jaen (Spain). Thirty of them were juveniles who had been reported by their parents for being violent towards them and 30 were juveniles who had committed other types of offences. The third group was made up of 30 adolescents without any criminal charge. Adolescents answered measures of exposure to violence, perception of criticism/rejection from parents, hostile social perception, and social problem- solving skills. Results revealed that juveniles who abused their parents reported higher levels of exposure to violence at home when comparing to the other groups. In addition, exposure to violence at home was significantly correlated to the hostile social perception of adolescents in CPV cases. Implications for prevention and treatment are discussed.
TL;DR: In this article, the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents was analyzed in the context of child-to-parent violence.
Abstract: Child-to-parent violence is a social problem that is qualitatively different from other types of family violence, since adolescents direct their violence toward those who should represent authority and provide for their welfare One of the goals of this study was to analyze the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents Structural Equation Modeling was used to test a model of violent behavior towards parents Participants were 585 children aged between 12 and 18 from eight schools in the Basque Country (Spain) Positive family discipline and supervision were not associated with lower levels of violence against parents Family relationships had direct effects on child-to-parent violence, and power-assertive discipline showed a mediating effect in that association It seems that affectivity and quality of family relationships are the most important aspects for preventing violent behaviors
TL;DR: The questionnaire developed in this study, the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire (CPAQ), includes forms of physical and psychological aggression directed at both the mother and the father and highlights the complexity of child- to-parent aggression in adolescence.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess child-to-parent aggression in adolescents and to document the extent of the problem. The questionnaire developed in this study, the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire (CPAQ), includes forms of physical and psychological aggression directed at both the mother and the father. It also includes open questions about the reasons for the aggressive acts. The CPAQ was completed by a sample of 2719 adolescents (age range: 13–18 years old, 51.4% girls). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor correlated structure (physical aggression against mother, physical aggression against father, psychological aggression against mother, and psychological aggression against father). Psychological and physical aggression against the mother was more frequent than against the father. However, there were no differences with regard to severe forms of aggression. Girls scored significantly higher on all indicators of psychological aggression, including severe psychological aggression. Nevertheless, except for the prevalence of physical aggression against mothers, which was higher in females, there were no significant differences in physical aggression against parents. Finally, the reasons provided by the adolescents for the aggression included both instrumental (e.g., to obtain permission to get home late and to access their computers) and reactive reasons (e.g., anger and self-defense). These findings highlight the complexity of child-to-parent aggression in adolescence.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the association of family characteristics associated with child-to-parent aggressions in adolescents and found that low levels of affection and communication were associated with all forms of severe CPA.
Abstract: Title: Family characteristics associated with child-to-parent aggressions in adolescents. Abstract: The Child-to-Parent Aggression (CPA) is an area of growing in- terest. Previous studies suggest that a variety of family factors can act as explanatory elements of the CPA, such as exposure to violence, emotional neglect and permissive parenting style. This study examined the association of these factors with the occurrence of severe physical and psychological CPA. A total of 1698 adolescents (870 boys and 828 girls), aged between 12 and 17 years, answered CPA measures, exposure to violence, affection and communication, parental abandonment and permissive parenting style. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that low levels of affection and communication were associated with all forms of severe CPA. Wit- nessing family violence was associated with the physical VFP against fa- thers whereas direct victimization in family was associated with physical CPA against mothers, and psychological CPA against both parents. The permissive style was associated with the severe psychological CPA but not with the physical CPA.