Bio: Rajesh Kumar is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topics: Subject (grammar) & Multilingualism. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 11 publications receiving 27 citations.
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: In this article, the authors studied the syntax of NPIs and their interaction with sentential negatives in Hindi and argued that sentential negative in Hindi negation marker heads its own maximal projection, NegP.
Abstract: This books studies syntax of NPIs and their interaction with sentential negatives in Hindi. It outlines the clause structure of Hindi and locates the syntactic position of sentential negatives as well as constituent negatives within the structure. It is argued that sentential negative in Hindi negation marker heads its own maximal projection, NegP, which is immediately dominated by TP. In addition to locating the position of negation markers in the clause structure, it outlines the distribution of negative polarity items (NPIs) in Hindi and the structural constraints on their licensing by sentential negative. The book argues that an NPI in Hindi is licensed overtly in the course of derivation by a c-commanding negative marker. The bulk of the evidence presented in this book argues against previous theoretical accounts that claim that NPI licensing involves covert syntactic operations such as LF movement or reconstruction. With respect to the classification of NPIs , this book also shows the existence of two different types of NPIs in Hindi; namely, strong NPIs and weak NPIs. Strong NPIs require a clause mate c-commanding negative licensor, whereas weak NPIs are quantifiers and are similar to free choice 'any' in English that are interpreted as NPIs in the presence of a c-commanding negative licensor.
TL;DR: The authors argue that multilingualism is indicative of tremendous language ability on the part of the speaker, and needs to be acknowledged as such, irrespective of which languages form part of an individual's repertoire.
Abstract: This article looks at the contribution of insights from theoretical linguistics to an understanding of language acquisition and the nature of language in terms of their potential benefit to language education. We examine the ideas of innateness and universal language faculty, as well as multilingualism and the language–society relationship. Modern linguistics has studied language both as a phenomenon internal to individuals and as a social reality. We argue that understandings from both these areas together should be brought to bear on the conceptualisation of language teaching–learning. Multilingualism is indicative of tremendous language ability on the part of the speaker, and needs to be acknowledged as such, irrespective of which languages form part of the individual’s repertoire. It is also of great significance to learners who need to participate in a pluralistic, democratic society. Indeed, the concept of ‘a language’ needs to be replaced by the idea of ‘multilingualism’. We discuss a possible tran...
TL;DR: This paper analyses anaphors in Magahi in Binding Theory to find out if anaphor display operator like properties as they depend on the nature of the clause they are embedded in.
Abstract: This paper analyses anaphors in Magahi in Binding Theory. Magahi is a South Asian language of the Indo-Aryan family of languages. Anaphors in Magahi are consistent with the Principle-A of Binding Theory. Magahi anaphors display operator like properties as they depend on the nature of the clause they are embedded in. In a finite clause anaphor is subject oriented whereas in a non-finite clause anaphor is a PRO which in turn depends on the object of the main clause. The position of anaphors in non-finite clause is fixed. They can neither be moved nor can be scrambled. However, in finite clauses they can easily be scrambled.
TL;DR: This paper focuses on complex predicate, which takes two elements but function as a single verbal unit, and shows how agreement which is a universal phenomenon of language interacts with complex predicate.
Abstract: Verb carries a lot of information along with the information about agreement. Suffixes attached to verbs demonstrate the information about agreement. This paper focuses on complex predicate, which takes two elements but function as a single verbal unit. The paper shows how agreement which is a universal phenomenon of language interacts with complex predicate. Since complex predicate is a single verbal unit, agreement does not discriminate between simple verb and complex predicate. Agreement in Magahi has unique features in the sense that case markers are opaque in agreement system. The role of addressee component and honorific and non-honorific factor attached to listener/speaker play an important role in agreement between argument and light verb of complex predicate. Magahi negotiates its agreement in terms of person and honorificity.
01 Jan 2003
09 Jun 2016
TL;DR: The body in the mind the bodily basis of meaning imagination and reason as mentioned in this paper is one of the most popular body-in-the-mind readings in the world, but it can also end up in malicious downloads.
Abstract: Thank you for downloading the body in the mind the bodily basis of meaning imagination and reason. As you may know, people have search numerous times for their favorite readings like this the body in the mind the bodily basis of meaning imagination and reason, but end up in malicious downloads. Rather than enjoying a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they are facing with some harmful bugs inside their desktop computer.
01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the characteristics of the environment in terms of the following factors: ǫ(ǫ)-184.108.40.206.4.
Abstract: 第１部 母語話者の英語（イギリス英語とその方言；ケルト語地域の英語；アメリカ英語とカナダ英語；オーストラリアとニュージーランドの英語；英語を母語とする、そのほかの地域） 第２部 公用語／第２言語話者の英語（インドとその周辺地域の英語；東南アジアの英語；アフリカの英語；そのほかの地域の英語） 第３部 国際語／共通語としての英語（ヨーロッパの英語；中東における英語；東アジアの英語）