Rakesh K. Kapania
Bio: Rakesh K. Kapania is an academic researcher from Virginia Tech. The author has contributed to research in topics: Finite element method & Buckling. The author has an hindex of 36, co-authored 457 publications receiving 6318 citations. Previous affiliations of Rakesh K. Kapania include Purdue University & University of Minnesota.
Papers published on a yearly basis
Abstract: A review of the recent developments in the analysis of laminated beams and plates with an emphasis on shear effects and buckling is presented. A discussion of various shear-deformation theories for plates and beams is given. The available theories are derived assuming a variation of either the in-plane displacement components or the stress components or both in the thickness coordinate. A review of the recently developed finite elements to analyze thin and thick laminated beams and plates is given next. These elements have been derived using the displacement methods, or the mixed methods or the hybrid methods. Recent studies on the buckling and postbuckling behavior of perfect and geometrically imperfect plates are described next. These behaviors have been studied using analytical, numerical, and experimental techniques. Finally, a review of the various studies on the delamination buckling and growth in beams and plates is given. Once again, the studies have been conducted using analytical, numerical, and experimental techniques. The energy release rates have been determined using closed-form solutions or using numerical differentiation. Mention also is made of studies on multiple delaminations and on dynamic response of composite laminates under impact loads.
TL;DR: A review of the recent developments in the analysis of laminated beams and plates with an emphasis on vibrations and wave propagations is presented in this paper, where a significant effort has been spent on developing appropriate continuum theories for modeling the composite materials.
Abstract: A summary of the recent developments in the analysis of laminated beams and plates with an emphasis on vibrations and wave propagations in presented. First, a review of the recent studies on the free-vibration analysis of symmetrically laminated plates is given. These studies have been conducted for various geometric shapes and edge conditions. Both analytical (closed-form, Galerkin, Rayleigh-Ritz) and numerical methods have been used. Because of the importance of unsymmetrically laminated structural components in many applications, a detailed review of the various developments in the analysis of unsymmetrical ly laminated beams and plates also is given. A survey of the nonlinear vibrations of the perfect and geometrically laminated plates is presented next. It is seen that due to the bending-stretching coupling, the nonlinear behavior of the unsymmetrically laminated perfect and imperfect plates, depending upon the boundary conditions, may be hardening or softening type. Similar behavior also is observed for imperfect isotropic and laminated plates. Lastly, the developments in studying the wave propagation in laminated materials are reviewed. It is seen that a significant effort has been spent on developing appropriate continuum theories for modeling the composite materials. Some recent studies on the linear and nonlinear transient response of laminated materials also are described.
TL;DR: A comprehensive survey of the literature on curved shell finite elements can be found in this article, where the first two present authors and Liaw presented a survey of such literature in 1990 in this journal.
Abstract: Since the mid-1960s when the forms of curved shell finite elements were originated, including those pioneered by Professor Gallagher, the published literature on the subject has grown extensively. The first two present authors and Liaw presented a survey of such literature in 1990 in this journal. Professor Gallagher maintained an active interest in this subject during his entire academic career, publishing milestone research works and providing periodic reviews of the literature. In this paper, we endeavor to summarize the important literature on shell finite elements over the past 15 years. It is hoped that this will be a befitting tribute to the pioneering achievements and sustained legacy of our beloved Professor Gallagher in the area of shell finite elements. This survey includes: the degenerated shell approach; stress-resultant-based formulations and Cosserat surface approach; reduced integration with stabilization; incompatible modes approach; enhanced strain formulations; 3-D elasticity elements; drilling d.o.f. elements; co-rotational approach; and higher-order theories for composites. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
TL;DR: In this article, the results obtained from this theory are compared with those obtained from a full-fledged three-dimensional elasticity analysis and various equivalent single-layer theories that are available, such as the classical laminated plate theory (CLPT), the first-order shear deformation laminated plates theory (FSDPT), and the third-order Shear Deformation Plate theory (THSDPT).
Abstract: Reddy's layerwise theory is used. The results obtained from this theory are compared with those obtained from a full-fledged three-dimensional elasticity analysis and various equivalent single-layer theories that are available. These include the classical laminated plate theory (CLPT), the first-order shear deformation laminated plate theory (FSDPT), and the third-order shear deformation plate theory (THSDPT). The elasticity equations are solved by utilizing the state space variables and the transfer matrix
••01 Jan 1997
TL;DR: This chapter introduces the finite element method (FEM) as a tool for solution of classical electromagnetic problems and discusses the main points in the application to electromagnetic design, including formulation and implementation.
Abstract: This chapter introduces the finite element method (FEM) as a tool for solution of classical electromagnetic problems. Although we discuss the main points in the application of the finite element method to electromagnetic design, including formulation and implementation, those who seek deeper understanding of the finite element method should consult some of the works listed in the bibliography section.
••11 Dec 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors classify the shape morphing parameters that can be affected by planform alteration (span, sweep, and chord), out-of-plane transformation (twist, dihedral/gull, and span-wise bending), and airfoil adjustment (camber and thickness).
Abstract: Aircraft wings are a compromise that allows the aircraft to fly at a range of flight conditions, but the performance at each condition is sub-optimal. The ability of a wing surface to change its geometry during flight has interested researchers and designers over the years as this reduces the design compromises required. Morphing is the short form for metamorphose; however, there is neither an exact definition nor an agreement between the researchers about the type or the extent of the geometrical changes necessary to qualify an aircraft for the title ‘shape morphing.’ Geometrical parameters that can be affected by morphing solutions can be categorized into: planform alteration (span, sweep, and chord), out-of-plane transformation (twist, dihedral/gull, and span-wise bending), and airfoil adjustment (camber and thickness). Changing the wing shape or geometry is not new. Historically, morphing solutions always led to penalties in terms of cost, complexity, or weight, although in certain circumstances, thes...
TL;DR: In this article, a review of the past and recent developments in system identification of nonlinear dynamical structures is presented, highlighting their assets and limitations and identifying future directions in this research area.
Abstract: This survey paper contains a review of the past and recent developments in system identification of nonlinear dynamical structures. The objective is to present some of the popular approaches that have been proposed in the technical literature, to illustrate them using numerical and experimental applications, to highlight their assets and limitations and to identify future directions in this research area. The fundamental differences between linear and nonlinear oscillations are also detailed in a tutorial.