Bio: Ramon Alós is an academic researcher from Autonomous University of Barcelona. The author has contributed to research in topics: Trade union & Collective bargaining. The author has an hindex of 8, co-authored 49 publications receiving 231 citations.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present the results of a study that links information from the prison system with information from Spanish Social Security System in order to study the employability of former inmat...
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study that links information from the prison system with information from the Spanish Social Security System in order to study the employability of former inmat...
TL;DR: The authors' exploratory work suggested that good psychosocial exposures were related to participatory working methods, being hired with a permanent labour contract, not being made to feel easily replaceable, having superiors with non-authoritarian and non-aggressive manners, and being paid according to the number of working hours and occupation.
Abstract: Aim: The purpose was to explore the relationship between psychosocial risk exposures and labour management practices (LMP), as indicators of work organization and pertinent features for primary preventive intervention. Methods: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of salaried working population in Spain (n = 7,612). Information was obtained in 2004-2005 using a standardized questionnaire administered through personal interviews at the household. Questions on working conditions were used to establish LMP indicators and the psychosocial exposures data were obtained on the basis of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) I (ISTAS21). A multivariate description was performed through multiple correspondence analysis, and associations between LMPs and psychosocial exposures were assessed by ordinal logistic analysis adjusting for age and sex. Results: Correspondence analysis showed a good-bad coherent pattern regarding both psychosocial dimension and LMPs, though several LMPs categories w...
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: In contrast, the authors pone el foco sobre los inmigrantes, arguing that falta de empleo de un elevado volumen de los mismos les lleva a la no integracion social, i.e., una mayoria tienen residencia permanente, pero no vinculos sociales that les puedan garantizar mantenerse a flote en una situacion tan critica.
Abstract: Entre los que estan sufriendo la crisis economica, este libro pone el foco sobre los inmigrantes. No porque pensemos que son los unicos o los que peor pueden afrontar esta situacion, dado que puede haber muchos autoctonos en iguales o en peores condiciones. Pero se dan dos circunstancias que hacen relevante nuestro interes por los inmigrantes. La primera es que la falta de empleo de un elevado volumen de los mismos les lleva a la no integracion social, ya que una mayoria tienen residencia permanente, pero no vinculos sociales que les puedan garantizar mantenerse a flote en una situacion tan critica. La segunda es que esta no integracion repercute en dificultades de cohesion social que tienen consecuencias sobre el conjunto de la sociedad en la que viven, lo que tambien provoca malestar en muchos autoctonos
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyse the reasons for active trade union participation within the context of Spanish industrial relations and provide empirical evidence that union presence in the workplace has a significant influence on members' propensity for activism.
Abstract: In this article we analyse the reasons for active trade union participation within the context of Spanish industrial relations. Spain represents a particularly interesting case as the unions' main activity, collective bargaining, is considered a public good. The present study is based on a representative survey of one region of the 'Worker Commissions' trade union and provides empirical evidence that union presence in the workplace has a significant influence on members' propensity for activism. Union presence in the workplace enhances collectivism and builds incentive for action in inclusive systems of industrial relations. By contrast, individualistic orientations and instrumental motives are of little relevance in the Spanish industrial relations context.n
TL;DR: In this article, a multidimensional typology of trade union membership is proposed, which considers demographic characteristics as well as labour market position and length of union membership, and the identification of different member profiles; these are significantly associated to differences in employment conditions, work participation, job satisfaction and union activism.
Abstract: While existing literature on the changing nature of trade union membership concentrates on unidimensional differences between members, this article proposes a multidimensional typology, which considers demographic characteristics as well as labour market position and length of union membership. Our results allow the identification of different member profiles; these are significantly associated to differences in employment conditions, work participation, job satisfaction and union activism. In the last section of the article, we discuss the practical implications that these different member profiles may have for union policy and organisation.
TL;DR: Institutional theory is advanced by showing the influences of nonmarket institutions on market behavior, contributes to the growing recognition of community influences, and highlights the importance of historical context.
Abstract: This paper shows that organizations in market settings face complex institutional contexts to which they respond in different though patterned ways. We show how both regional state logics and family logics impact on organizational responses to an overarching market logic. Regional logics are particularly potent when the activities of firms, especially of large firms, are concentrated in regions whose governments champion regional distinctiveness and where the regional activities of the firm are significant. Family logics affect the decision to downsize, especially in smaller firms. This paper advances institutional theory by showing the influences of nonmarket institutions on market behavior, contributes to the growing recognition of community influences, and highlights the importance of historical context.
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TL;DR: The concept of intersectionality was developed by social scientists seeking to analyse the multiple interacting influences of social location, identity and historical oppression as discussed by the authors, which is relevant for health inequalities research because it compels researchers to move beyond (but not ignore) class and socioeconomic position in analyzing the structural determinants of health.
Abstract: The concept of intersectionality was developed by social scientists seeking to analyse the multiple interacting influences of social location, identity and historical oppression. Despite broad take-up elsewhere, its application in public health remains underdeveloped. We consider how health inequalities research in the United Kingdom has predominantly taken class and later socioeconomic position as its key axis in a manner that tends to overlook other crucial dimensions. We especially focus on international research on ethnicity, gender and caste to argue that an intersectional perspective is relevant for health inequalities research because it compels researchers to move beyond (but not ignore) class and socioeconomic position in analysing the structural determinants of health. Drawing on these theoretical developments, we argue for an inter-categorical conceptualisation of social location that recognises differentiation without reifying social groupings – thus encouraging researchers to focus on social dynamics rather than social categories, recognising that experiences of advantage and disadvantage reflect the exercise of power across social institutions. Such an understanding may help address the historic tendency of health inequalities research to privilege methodological issues and consider different axes of inequality in isolation from one another, encouraging researchers to move beyond micro-level behaviours to consider the structural drivers of inequalities.
•01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, a manual universitario de metodos and tecnicas de investigacion social desde la perspectiva metodologica cuantitativa is presented.
Abstract: Manual universitario de metodos y tecnicas de investigacion social desde la perspectiva metodologica cuantitativa. Se publica como libro digital y se presenta desglosado en sus diferentes capitulos en documentos independientes junto a los materiales que los acompanan. Los capitulos se van actualizando a medida que se introducen ampliaciones y/o revisiones al hilo de nuevas contribuciones o como resultado de las sugerencias de los lectores y lectoras. El libro es la expresion de la experiencia de los autores como docentes e investigadores universitarios en teoria, metodologia y tecnicas de investigacion social en el campo de la Sociologia.