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Rasha S. Ali

Bio: Rasha S. Ali is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Algorithm & Encryption. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 2 publications receiving 1 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 2022-Sensors
TL;DR: In this article , the authors proposed an algorithm for encrypting images based on the Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares CAST block cipher algorithm with 3D and 2D logistic maps.
Abstract: Background and Aim: due to the rapid growth of data communication and multimedia system applications, security becomes a critical issue in the communication and storage of images. This study aims to improve encryption and decryption for various types of images by decreasing time consumption and strengthening security. Methodology: An algorithm is proposed for encrypting images based on the Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares CAST block cipher algorithm with 3D and 2D logistic maps. A chaotic function that increases the randomness in the encrypted data and images, thereby breaking the relation sequence through the encryption procedure, is introduced. The time is decreased by using three secure and private S-Boxes rather than using six S-Boxes, as in the traditional method. Moreover, the CAST encryption algorithm was modified to be used on the private keys and substitution stage (S-Boxes), with the keys and S-Boxes of the encryption algorithm being generated according to the 2D and 3D chaotic map functions. The proposed system passed all evaluation criteria, including (MSE, PSNR, EQ, MD, SC, NC, AD, SNR, SIM, MAE, Time, CC, Entropy, and histograms). Results: Moreover, the results also illustrate that the created S-Boxes passed all evaluation criteria; compared with the results of the traditional method that was used in creating S-Box, the proposed method achieved better results than other methods used in the other works. The proposed solution improves the entropy which is between (7.991–7.999), reduces the processing time which is between (0.5–11 s/Images), and improves NCPR, which is between (0.991–1). Conclusions: The proposed solution focuses on reducing the total processing time for encryption and decryption and improving transmission security. Finally, this solution provides a fast security system for surgical telepresence with secure real-time communication. The complexity of this work needs to know the S-Box creation method used, the chaotic method, the values of the chaotic parameters, and which of these methods was used in the encryption process.

1 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a modified reverse encryption algorithm (MREA) was proposed to enhance the key strength and the strength of security of the invertible hash function, which has lower computational efficiency as compared to the other algorithms.
Abstract: The modern systems that have been based upon the hash function are more suitable compared to the conventional systems; however, the complicated algorithms for the generation of the invertible functions have a high level of time consumption. With the use of the GAs, the key strength is enhanced, which results in ultimately making the entire algorithm sufficient. Initially, the process of the key generation is performed by using the results of n-queen problem that is solved by the genetic algorithm, with the use of a random number generator and through the application of the GA operations. Ultimately, the encryption of the data is performed with the use of the Modified Reverse Encryption Algorithm (MREA). It was noticed that the suggested algorithm provided more sufficient results concerning the key and the strength of security. However, it has lower computational efficiency as compared to the other algorithms.

Cited by
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TL;DR: In this paper , the non-permutation function that was generated from the binomial operation of the power function was used to construct a cryptographically strong S-box, which can thwart any cryptanalysis tools on cryptosystems.
Abstract: A Substitution box (S-box) is an important component used in symmetric key cryptosystems to satisfy Shannon’s property on confusion. As the only nonlinear operation, the S-box must be cryptographically strong to thwart any cryptanalysis tools on cryptosystems. Generally, the S-boxes can be constructed using any of the following approaches: the random search approach, heuristic/evolutionary approach or mathematical approach. However, the current S-box construction has some drawbacks, such as low cryptographic properties for the random search approach and the fact that it is hard to develop mathematical functions that can be used to construct a cryptographically strong S-box. In this paper, we explore the non-permutation function that was generated from the binomial operation of the power function to construct a cryptographically strong S-box. By adopting the method called the Redundancy Removal Algorithm, we propose some enhancement in the algorithm such that the desired result can be obtained. The analytical results of our experiment indicate that all criteria such as bijective, nonlinearity, differential uniformity, algebraic degree and linear approximation are found to hold in the obtained S-boxes. Our proposed S-box also surpassed several bijective S-boxes available in the literature in terms of cryptographic properties.

1 citations