Other affiliations: Swedish Institute
Bio: Rolf Sandström is an academic researcher from Royal Institute of Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Creep & Welding. The author has an hindex of 34, co-authored 232 publications receiving 5104 citations. Previous affiliations of Rolf Sandström include Swedish Institute.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A review of shape-memory materials can be found in this paper, where the basic phenomena in the materials, that is, the stimulus-induced phase transformations which result in the unique performance and govern the remarkable changes in properties of the materials are systematically lineated.
Abstract: A review is presented of the current research and development of shape-memory materials, including shape-memory alloys, shape-memory ceramics and shape-memory polymers. The shape-memory materials exhibit some novel performances, such as sensoring (thermal, stress or field), large-stroke actuation, high damping, adaptive responses, shape memory and superelasticity capability, which can be utilized in various engineering approaches to smart systems. Based on an extensive literature survey, the various shape-memory materials are outlined, with special attention to the recently developed or emerged materials. The basic phenomena in the materials, that is, the stimulus-induced phase transformations which result in the unique performance and govern the remarkable changes in properties of the materials, are systematically lineated. The remaining technical barriers, and the challenges to improve the present materials system and develop a new shape memory materials are discussed.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors compared the fatigue strength of friction stir (FS) welds with conventional arc-welding methods: MIG-pulse and TIG.
TL;DR: In this article, a survey of shape-memory hybrid smart composites is presented, with a focus on the design, fabrication, characterization and performance of fiber-reinforced, particle reinforced, and multi-layered thin-film shape memory composites.
Abstract: By hybridizing or incorporating shape-memory materials with other functional materials or structural materials, smart composites can be fabricated which may utilize the unique functions or properties of the individual bulk materials to achieve multiple responses and optimal properties, or, to tune their properties to adapt to environmental changes. A variety of shape-memory hybrid composites have been designed and manufactured, with shape-memory elements being either the matrix or the reinforcement. The hybrid composites provide tremendous potential for creating new paradigms for material–structural interactions and demonstrate varying success in many engineering applications. This review, from the standpoint of materials science, will give a state-of-the-art survey on the various shape-memory hybrid smart composites developed during the last decade. Emphasis is placed on the design, fabrication, characterization and performance of fibre-reinforced, particle-reinforced and multi-layered thin-film shape-memory composites.
25 Jan 2007-Materials Science and Engineering A-structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing
TL;DR: Sigma phase precipitation is known to embrittle duplex stainless steel as mentioned in this paper, therefore, heat treatment and welding must be performed carefully. Nucleation and diffusional growth of sigma phase in th...
Abstract: Sigma phase precipitation is known to embrittle duplex stainless steel. Accordingly, heat treatment and welding must be performed carefully. Nucleation and diffusional growth of sigma phase in th ...
TL;DR: In this paper, a theoretical model for hot working when dynamical recrystallization occurs is presented, which is based on a description of the volume distributions of dislocations, which are produced as a result of the continuous grain growth.
TL;DR: Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a class of shape memory materials (SMMs) which have the ability to "memorise" or retain their previous form when subjected to certain stimulus such as thermomechanical or magnetic variations.
01 Sep 1955
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors restrict their attention to the ferrites and a few other closely related materials, which are more closely related to anti-ferromagnetic substances than they are to ferromagnetics in which the magnetization results from the parallel alignment of all the magnetic moments present.
Abstract: In this chapter, we will restrict our attention to the ferrites and a few other closely related materials. The great interest in ferrites stems from their unique combination of a spontaneous magnetization and a high electrical resistivity. The observed magnetization results from the difference in the magnetizations of two non-equivalent sub-lattices of the magnetic ions in the crystal structure. Materials of this type should strictly be designated as “ferrimagnetic” and in some respects are more closely related to anti-ferromagnetic substances than they are to ferromagnetics in which the magnetization results from the parallel alignment of all the magnetic moments present. We shall not adhere to this special nomenclature except to emphasize effects, which are due to the existence of the sub-lattices.
TL;DR: The exciting successes in taming molecular-level movement thus far are outlined, the underlying principles that all experimental designs must follow, and the early progress made towards utilizing synthetic molecular structures to perform tasks using mechanical motion are highlighted.
Abstract: The widespread use of controlled molecular-level motion in key natural processes suggests that great rewards could come from bridging the gap between the present generation of synthetic molecular systems, which by and large rely upon electronic and chemical effects to carry out their functions, and the machines of the macroscopic world, which utilize the synchronized movements of smaller parts to perform specific tasks. This is a scientific area of great contemporary interest and extraordinary recent growth, yet the notion of molecular-level machines dates back to a time when the ideas surrounding the statistical nature of matter and the laws of thermodynamics were first being formulated. Here we outline the exciting successes in taming molecular-level movement thus far, the underlying principles that all experimental designs must follow, and the early progress made towards utilizing synthetic molecular structures to perform tasks using mechanical motion. We also highlight some of the issues and challenges that still need to be overcome.
TL;DR: Polymers containing cinnamic groups can be deformed and fixed into pre-determined shapes—such as elongated films and tubes, arches or spirals—by ultraviolet light illumination and can recover their original shape at ambient temperatures when exposed to ultraviolet light of a different wavelength.
Abstract: Materials are said to show a shape-memory effect if they can be deformed and fixed into a temporary shape, and recover their original, permanent shape only on exposure to an external stimulus. Shape-memory polymers have received increasing attention because of their scientific and technological significance. In principle, a thermally induced shape-memory effect can be activated by an increase in temperature (also obtained by heating on exposure to an electrical current or light illumination). Several papers have described light-induced changes in the shape of polymers and gels, such as contraction, bending or volume changes. Here we report that polymers containing cinnamic groups can be deformed and fixed into pre-determined shapes--such as (but not exclusively) elongated films and tubes, arches or spirals--by ultraviolet light illumination. These new shapes are stable for long time periods, even when heated to 50 degrees C, and they can recover their original shape at ambient temperatures when exposed to ultraviolet light of a different wavelength. The ability of polymers to form different pre-determined temporary shapes and subsequently recover their original shape at ambient temperatures by remote light activation could lead to a variety of potential medical and other applications.
TL;DR: It is discussed how the described shape-memory polymers show great potential for diverse applications, including in the medical arena, sensors, and actuators, and as dictated by macromolecular details.
Abstract: Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) have attracted significant attention from both industrial and academic researchers due to their useful and fascinating functionality. This review thoroughly examines progress in shape-memory polymers, including the very recent past, achieved by numerous groups around the world and our own research group. Considering all of the shape-memory polymers reviewed, we identify a classification scheme wherein nearly all SMPs may be associated with one of four classes in accordance with their shape fixing and recovering mechanisms and as dictated by macromolecular details. We discuss how the described shape-memory polymers show great potential for diverse applications, including in the medical arena, sensors, and actuators.