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S. A. Gostimski

Bio: S. A. Gostimski is an academic researcher from Moscow State University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Somaclonal variation & Mutant. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 7 citations.

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TL;DR: These experiments suggest that mutations affecting developmental characters may be expressed in tissue culture and may cause increased adaptation in mutant cells to the in vitro conditions, which may lead to a higher proportion of quantitative mutations among the regenerated plants.
Abstract: A study of regenerants obtained from long-term callus cultures of different pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes revealed specificity of in vitro mutagenesis. The specificity was displayed in the preferential generation of the somaclonal variations affecting quantitative and developmental characters. About 60% of regenerated lines obtained from the cultivar Ranny Zeleny carried mutations in the Lf and Sn loci, which control initiation of flowering. An in vitro study of isogenic lines differing at the Lf and Sn loci illustrates the growth advantages of mutant genotypes in tissue culture. These experiments suggest that mutations affecting developmental characters (e.g. mutations in loci which control flowering behaviour) may be expressed in tissue culture and may cause increased adaptation in mutant cells to the in vitro conditions. Rapid propagation of mutant cells during in vitro culture may lead to a higher proportion of quantitative mutations among the regenerated plants.

7 citations


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TL;DR: Assessing the stability of repetitive sequences, such as simple sequence repeats (SSR) and retrotransposons, both comprising a large part of genome suggests multiple shoot culture of pea maintained over a long period may be considered as a true to type multiplication method of the original genotype.
Abstract: In vitro clonal propagation of plants should generate identical copies of the selected genotype. However, associated stress might result in a breakdown of control mechanisms and consequent instability of the genome. We have used several molecular methods to assess the genetic stability of long-term propagated (24 years) multiple shoot in vitro culture of pea (Pisum sativum L.). We focused on assessing the stability of repetitive sequences, such as simple sequence repeats (SSR) and retrotransposons, both comprising a large part of genome. No differences were found when seedlings (Co-2004) or original seed (Co-1982) controls and long-term or newly established in vitro (one subculture cycle) samples were investigated by the SSR, inter-repeats (ISSR) or inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP) method. However, the more global amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and particularly the methylation sensitive MSAP methods detected 11 and 18% polymorphism among samples, respectively. Interestingly, investigation of the global cytosine methylation status by HPCE measurement revealed no statistically significant differences. Some evidence of retrotransposon re-arrangement was observed by sequence-specific amplification polymorphism. This occurred mostly in the abundant Ty3-gypsy type Cyclop element and to a smaller extent in the Ogre element. Alternatively, no polymorphism was detected among the PDR-1 element of the Ty1-copia type retrotransposon. Based on these results, multiple shoot culture of pea maintained over a long period may be considered as a true to type multiplication method of the original genotype.

122 citations

01 Jan 2005

46 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The main approaches have been considered to studying the genetic control of plant cell totipotency in an in vitro culture and the activity of genes that determine and maintain the meristematic state of cells, level of hormones in the cells, and sensitivity to hormones.
Abstract: The main approaches have been considered to studying the genetic control of plant cell totipotency in an in vitro culture. The capacity of cultured plants for callusogenesis, organ formation, and somatic embryogenesis depends on the activity of genes that determine and maintain the meristematic state of cells, level of hormones in the cells, and sensitivity to hormones, as well as on the activity other genes that control different stages of plant morphogenesis.

20 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results presented herein demonstrate the utility of long-term pea cultures as model systems for studying the influence oflong-term cultivation on genetic stability, and suggest ways of circumventing the rooting problems associated with such cultures.
Abstract: Forty-seven endogenous cytokinin metabolites were determined in samples of long-term in vitro multiple shoot cultures of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Significant differences were found in the levels of all cytokinin groups except cis-zeatin and some of its derivatives. Old cultures (30 or 10 years old) contained larger total and active cytokinin pools than freshly prepared cultures. Long-term shoot cultures maintained on cytokinin-supplemented media initially exhibit gradually increasing concentrations of endogenous cytokinins that subsequently stabilise at a high level, which can make it more difficult to induce rooting later on. This is consistent with previous findings concerning the growth and development of plantlets derived from long-term cultures and the generally accepted role of cytokinins during root development. The results presented herein demonstrate the utility of long-term pea cultures as model systems for studying the influence of long-term cultivation on genetic stability, and suggest ways of circumventing the rooting problems associated with such cultures.

16 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The presence of the same molecular markers in the somaclones and in different non-somaclonal maize variants suggests that in some cases, the same mechanisms determine both in vitro and in vivo variability and that cell culture enhances the rate of heritable genomic changes that naturally occur in living organisms.

9 citations