Bio: S Parimalarenganayaki is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Uranium. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 3 citations.
01 Oct 2017
TL;DR: The objective of the study was to estimate the Kd of uranium in soils and to develop a relation between this and the soil parameters and equations were statistically significant.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present the different methods to estimate Kd and subsequent compiles of the Kd data on U, Ra, Th, 137Cs and 60Co in soil/sediment under various aquatic medium based on the extensive literature survey over the last 3-decades.
Abstract: This review paper presents the different methods to estimate Kd and subsequent compiles of the Kd data on U, Ra, Th, 137Cs and 60Co in soil/sediment under various aquatic medium based on the extensive literature survey over the last 3-decades (1990–2019). The estimated Kd values show a very wide range and make more difficult to derive generic value. The finding suggests that Kd values are to be estimated for site-specific conditions while assessing the radionuclide transport modeling and risk analysis around the nuclear facilities. Review includes research papers, reports, reviewed papers, dissertations, published compilations and other technical documents.
TL;DR: In this paper, the interaction between surface water and groundwater is considered as an important component for controlling the mining activities in a proposed uranium mining site by using geochemical modelling, and the authors used the PHREEQC code to calculate the uranium speciation and saturation indices.
Abstract: The interaction between surface water and groundwater is a complex process and is considered as an important component for controlling the mining activities. The objective of this study is to understand the interaction between surface water and groundwater around a proposed uranium mining site by geochemical modelling. Surface water and groundwater samples along the groundwater flow path were collected from September 2013 to June 2016 across the uranium mineralised region located near Gogi, Karnataka, India. Collected water samples were analysed for major ion and uranium concentrations. This hydrochemical data was used as input in the geochemical modelling code PHREEQC to calculate the uranium speciation and saturation indices. Inverse geochemical modelling was performed along the flow direction by considering the mineralogical composition of host rock. Measurement of surface water and groundwater level indicates that the recharge and discharge of this region were primarily controlled by rainfall. Relation between the temporal variation of rainfall and saturation index of mineral reveals the various scenarios of interaction between surface water and groundwater around the mineralised region. Silicate/carbonate weathering, irrigation return flow and dissolution of evaporites are the major processes indicated by inverse geochemical modelling, which controls the hydrogeochemical evolution of water in this region. Geochemical modelling was effectively used to understand the temporal changes in the interaction between surface water and the groundwater in a uranium mineralised region.