Bio: S.R. Suseem is an academic researcher from VIT University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Anopheles stephensi & Diffuse reflectance infrared fourier transform. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 7 publications receiving 65 citations.
TL;DR: The results suggest that the green synthesized ZnO NPs has the potential to be used as an ideal ecofriendly approach for the control of R. microplus, P. humanus capitis, An.
TL;DR: The larvicidal activity and insignificant toxicity to non-target aquatic organisms of A. radiata leaves makes it a potential and environment safe biocontrol agent against dengue and malarial vectors.
TL;DR: Methanol extract of Andrographis echioides is reported here for the first time on this ideal, eco-friendly and cost effective approach against larvicidal and acaricidal activity from A. echioide leaf extracts.
TL;DR: In this paper, Andrographis echioides leaf extract was used for the synthesis of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles (Ca(OH)2-NPs) from calcium oxide as the calcium source.
Abstract: Effective removal of organic pollutants from wastewater becomes notable research because of its ecological and environmental importance. In the present study Andrographis echioides leaf extract was used for the synthesis of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles (Ca(OH)2-NPs) from calcium oxide as the calcium source. The secondary metabolites present in the plant source act as a capping agent for the formation Ca(OH)2-NPs. Further NPs were applied for photocatalytic degradation. The intention of the approach is to be low-cost preparation and easy degradation (degradation of dye without any effect) to the environment. The synthesized Ca(OH)2-NPs was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, ultra violet diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, zeta potential and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (dye pollutant) studied under three different light sources such as UV, visible and sun light using Ca(OH)2-NPs. Degradation efficiency of Methylene blue dye examined under UV–Vis spectroscopy. Degradation percentage of Ca(OH)2-NPs under UV, visible and sunlight are (98.96, 97.52 and 96.38%) respectively. The overall study suggests that Ca(OH)2-NPs exhibit excellent photocatalytic property against UV, visible and sunlight.
TL;DR: The chemical and biological activities of crude extracts of Andrographis echioides leaves using petroleum (pet) ether, ethyl acetate, methanol and aqueous solvents were assayed as mentioned in this paper.
TL;DR: A thorough understanding of the mechanisms of green synthesis and high-throughput screening of stabilizing/capping agents on the physico-chemical properties of GNPs is warranted to realize the full potential of green nanotechnology.
Abstract: The ability of organisms and organic compounds to reduce metal ions and stabilize them into nanoparticles (NPs) forms the basis of green synthesis. To date, synthesis of NPs from various metal ions using a diverse array of plant extracts has been reported. However, a clear understanding of the mechanism of green synthesis of NPs is lacking. Although most studies have neglected to analyze the green-synthesized NPs (GNPs) for the presence of compounds derived from the extract, several studies have demonstrated the conjugation of sugars, secondary metabolites, and proteins in these biogenic NPs. Despite several reports on the bioactivities (antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, catalytic, etc.) of GNPs, only a handful of studies have compared these activities with their chemically synthesized counterparts. These comparisons have demonstrated that GNPs possess better bioactivities than NPs synthesized by other methods, which might be attributed to the presence of plant-derived compounds in these NPs. The ability of NPs to bind with organic compounds to form a stable complex has huge potential in the harvesting of precious molecules and for drug discovery, if harnessed meticulously. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms of green synthesis and high-throughput screening of stabilizing/capping agents on the physico-chemical properties of GNPs is warranted to realize the full potential of green nanotechnology.
TL;DR: From the findings, the green route of synthesis is rather safe and eco-friendly when compared to physical and chemical means of synthesis.
Abstract: The advance of reliable and eco-friendly strategies for the development of nanoparticles is a fundamental key to the discipline of nanotechnology. Nanoparticles have been continuously evaluated and have been used in many industrial applications for a decade. In particular, the role of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) has received a great interest because of various properties such as UV filter properties and photochemical, antifungal, high catalyst, and antimicrobial activities. Because of the high rate of poisonous chemicals and the extreme surroundings used within the chemical and physical methods, the green techniques have been adopted using plants, fungi, bacteria, and algae for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Therefore, this paper considers various green synthesis methods to provide the evidence of ZnO NP role to several applications, and in addition, biomedical applications and toxic effect were reviewed. Therefore, the paper used various secondary sources to collect the relevant review articles. From the findings, the green route of synthesis is rather safe and eco-friendly when compared to physical and chemical means of synthesis. On the other hand, its biomedical applications in this sector are increased day by day in various processes including bioimaging, drug delivery, biosensors, and gene delivery. With respect to its toxicity properties, ZnO NPs can act as smart weapons against multiple drug-resistant microorganisms and as a talented substitute for antibiotics.
TL;DR: This review clearly indicates that the application of vegetal-based compounds as mosquito control proxies can serve as alternative biocontrol methods in mosquito management programes.
Abstract: Mosquitoes are a serious threat to the society, acting as vector to several dreadful diseases. Mosquito management programes profoundly depend on the routine of chemical insecticides that subsequently lead to the expansion of resistance midst the vectors, along with other problems such as environmental pollution, bio magnification, and adversely affecting the quality of public and animal health, worldwide. The worldwide risk of insect vector transmitted diseases, with their associated illness and mortality, emphasizes the need for effective mosquitocides. Hence there is an immediate necessity to develop new eco-friendly pesticides. As a result, numerous investigators have worked on the development of eco-friendly effective mosquitocidal compounds of plant origin. These products have a cumulative advantage of being cost-effective, environmentally benign, biodegradable, and safe to non-target organisms. This review aims at describing the current state of research on behavioral, physiological, and biochemical effects of plant derived compounds with larvicidal effects on mosquitoes. The mode of physiological and biochemical action of known compounds derived from various plant families as well as the potential of plant secondary metabolites, plant extracts, and also the essential oils (EO), as mosquitocidal agents are discussed. This review clearly indicates that the application of vegetal-based compounds as mosquito control proxies can serve as alternative biocontrol methods in mosquito management programes.
TL;DR: Myanmar appears to be a source of traditional drugs that have not yet been scientifically investigated and this review will be support for further investigations on the pharmacological activity of medicinal plant species in Myanmar.
Abstract: Medicinal plants are a reservoir of biologically active compounds with therapeutic properties that over time have been reported and used by diverse groups of people for treatment of various diseases. This review covers 15 selected medicinal plants distributed in Myanmar, including Dalbergia cultrata, Eriosema chinense, Erythrina suberosa, Millettia pendula, Sesbania grandiflora, Tadehagi triquetrum, Andrographis echioides, Barleria cristata, Justicia gendarussa, Premna integrifolia, Vitex trifolia, Acacia pennata, Cassia auriculata, Croton oblongifolius and Glycomis pentaphylla. Investigation of the phytochemical constituents, biological and pharmacological activities of the selected medicinal plants is reported. This study aims at providing a collection of publications on the species of selected medicinal plants in Myanmar along with a critical review of the literature data. As a country, Myanmar appears to be a source of traditional drugs that have not yet been scientifically investigated. This review will be support for further investigations on the pharmacological activity of medicinal plant species in Myanmar.
TL;DR: Green chemistry is a keen prudence method, in which bioresources is used as a template for the synthesis of nanoparticles, which exhibit superior antimicrobial, anticancer, larvicidal, leishmaniasis, wound healing, antioxidant, and as a sensor.