S. Scott Graham
Bio: S. Scott Graham is an academic researcher from University of Texas at Austin. The author has contributed to research in topics: Technical communication & Rhetoric of science. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 34 publications receiving 392 citations. Previous affiliations of S. Scott Graham include Iowa State University & University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.
TL;DR: In this paper, a non-human agent (brain scans) contributed to fibromyalgia acceptance within the highly regulated discourses of western biomedicine, and the authors explored the discursive mechanisms of this type of agency in the legitimization of disease.
Abstract: Recent agency scholarship has provided compelling accounts of how individuals can strategically occupy authoritative positions, in order to instantiate change. This article explores the discursive mechanisms of this type of agency in the legitimization of disease. Drawing on ethnographic research, this article investigates how a non-human agent (brain scans) contributed to fibromyalgia's acceptance within the highly regulated discourses of western biomedicine.
TL;DR: The study assesses pharmaceutical sponsor presentations at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug advisory committee meetings and indicates the need for changes to FDA conflict-of-interest policies.
Abstract: This article pilots a study in statistical genre analysis, a mixed-method approach for (a) identifying conventional responses as a statistical distribution within a big data set and (b) assessing which deviations from the conventional might be more effective for changes in audience, purpose, or context. The study assesses pharmaceutical sponsor presentations at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug advisory committee meetings. Preliminary findings indicate the need for changes to FDA conflict-of-interest policies.
TL;DR: This paper used data obtained from a 2-year study of an interdisciplinary organization of pain management professionals to illustrate the analytic advantages of Mol and Latour's multiple ontologies theories over incommensurability theory in understanding interdisciplinary practice.
Abstract: This article uses data obtained from a 2-year study—observation, survey, written- and verbal-artifact analysis, and interviews—of an interdisciplinary organization of pain management professionals to illustrate the analytic advantages of Mol and Latour's multiple-ontologies theories over incommensurability theory in understanding interdisciplinary practice. We demonstrate that pain science and medicine encompass a variety of practices that transcend disciplinary boundaries in ways not accounted for with incommensurability theory. After explicating multiple ontology theory and illustrating its analytic potential, we conclude by recommending a postplural model for inquiry into rhetoric of science.
17 Nov 2015
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that the FDA’s deliberative procedures elides various sources of evidence and the potential multiplicity of definitions for “clinical benefit” in the Avastin Hearing.
Abstract: This article offers a hybrid rhetorical-qualitative discourse analysis of the FDA’s 2011 Avastin Hearing, which considered the revocation of the breast cancer indication for the popular cancer drug Avastin. We explore the multiplicity of stakeholders, the questions that motivated deliberations, and the kinds of evidence presented during the hearing. Pairing our findings with contemporary scholarship in rhetorical stasis theory, Mol’s (2002) construct of multiple ontologies, and Callon, Lascoumes, and Barthe’s (2011) “hybrid forums,” we demonstrate that the FDA’s deliberative procedures elides various sources of evidence and the potential multiplicity of definitions for “clinical benefit.” Our findings suggest that while the FDA invited multiple stakeholders to offer testimony, there are ways that the FDA might have more meaningfully incorporated public voices in the deliberative process. We conclude with suggestions for how a true hybrid forum might be deployed.
TL;DR: Holquist as mentioned in this paper discusses the history of realism and the role of the Bildungsroman in the development of the novel in Linguistics, philosophy, and the human sciences.
Abstract: Note on Translation Introduction by Michael Holquist Response to a Question from the Novy Mir Editorial Staff The Bildungsroman and Its Significance in the History of Realism (Toward a Historical Typology of the Novel) The Problem of Speech Genres The Problem of the Text in Linguistics, Philology, and the Human Sciences: An Experiment in Philosophical Analysis From Notes Made in 1970-71 Toward a Methodology for the Human Sciences Index
Bruno Latour, The pasteurization of France , trans. Alan Sheridan and John Law, Cambridge, Mass., and London, Harvard University Press, 1988, 8vo, pp. 273, £23.95. - Georges Canguilhem, Ideology and rationality in the history of the life sciences , trans. Arthur Goldhammer, Cambridge, Mass., and London, The MIT Press, 1988, 8vo, pp. xi, 160, £17.95.
TL;DR: The Pasteurization of France can be viewed as a battle, with its field and its myriad contestants, in which opposing sides attempted to mould and coerce various forces of resistance.
Abstract: BRUNO LATOUR, The pasteurization of France, trans. Alan Sheridan and John Law, Cambridge, Mass., and London, Harvard University Press, 1988, 8vo, pp. 273, £23.95. GEORGES CANGUILHEM, Ideology and rationality in the history of the life sciences, trans. Arthur Goldhammer, Cambridge, Mass., and London, The MIT Press, 1988, 8vo, pp. xi, 160, £17.95. Bruno Latour has written a wonderfully funny book about himself. It is difficult, however, to summarize a text committed to the view that \"Nothing is, by itself, either reducible or irreducible to anything else\", (p. 158). In Latour's opinion, the common view that sociologists of knowledge and scientists are opposed is incorrect. Both groups, according to Latour, are the authors of identical mistakes: reductionism and, relatedly, attempting to conjoin (in the instance of the sociologist) science and society, or (in the instance of the scientist) keeping them apart. For Latour, there are only forces or resistances which different groups encounter and attempt to conquer by forming alliances. These groups, however, are not simply the actors of conventional sociology. They include, for example, microbes, the discovery of the Pasteurians, with which they have populated our world and which we must now take notice of in any encounter or war in which we engage. War is a fundamental metaphor for Latour, since in a war or a battle clashes of armies are later called the \"victory\" of a Napoleon or a Kutuzov. Likewise, he argues, the Pasteurization of France can be viewed as a battle, with its field and its myriad contestants, in which opposing sides attempted to mould and coerce various forces of resistance. Strangely, he points out, the outcome of this huge battle, the labour and struggle of these masses, we attribute to the scientific genius of Pasteur. Pasteur's genius, however, says Latour, lay not in science (for this could be yet another way of making science and society distinct) but as strategist. Pasteur was able to cross disciplinary lines, recruiting allies to laboratory science by persuading them that they were recruiting him. This was possible because, like the armies in battle, they had already done the work of the general. Thus Pasteur's microbiology, which might conventionally be seen as a whole new science, can also be construed as a brilliant reformulation of all that preceded it and made it possible. Hygienists seized on the work of the Pasteurians and the two rapidly became powerful allies because \"The time that they [the hygienists] had made was now working for them\" (p. 52). French physicians, on the other hand, resisted recruitment, since for them it meant enslavement. Finally, however, they recruited the Pasteurians to their enterprise. Pasteurian public health was turned into a triumph of medicine. It is impossible to read this book and not substitute Latour for Pasteur. At the head of his own army, increasingly enlarged by the recruitment of allies, Latour now presents us, in his own language, with something we have made, or at least made possible. The cynic might say, using the old jibe against sociologists, that Latour has explained to us in his own language everything we knew anyway. Retorting thus, however, would be to unselfconsciously make an ally of Latour and miss the point by a narrow margin that might as well be a million miles. Latour says all this much more clearly (and certainly more wittily) than any review. Read it, but beware; in spite of Latour's strictures about irreducibility, the text is not what it seems. This is a recruitment brochure: Bruno needs you. Among the many historians whom Latour convicts by quotation of mistaking the general for the army, Pasteur for all the forces at work in French society, is Georges Canguilhem. Latour uses two quotes from Canguilhem, both taken from the original French version of Ideology and rationality in the life sciences, first published in 1977. Reading Canguilhem after Latour induces a feeling akin to culture shock. Astonishingly, Canguilhem seems almost Anglo-American. Anyone familiar with Canguilhem's epistemological universe would hardly be surprised to discover that Latour finds in it perspectives different from his own. After all, Canguilhem remains committed to the epistemologically distinct entity science or, better still, sciences. Likewise he employs distinctions between science and ideology, as in Spencerian ideology and Darwinian science, which will seem familiar, possibly jaded to English-reading eyes. His text is liberally seeded with unLatourian expressions, including injunctions to distinguish \"between ideology and science\" (p. 39), lamentations that eighteenth-century medicine \"squandered its energy in the erection of systems\" (p. 53), rejoicing that physiology \"liberated itself' from classical anatomy (p. 54), and regret that \"Stahl's influence ... seriously impeded experimental
TL;DR: It is generally believed that the teacher is the nation builder as mentioned in this paper, and therefore it is important that these same issues be addressed with access to the necessary resources or controls for small business.
Abstract: It is generally believed that the teacher is the nation builder. Wed, 30 Jan 2019 00:01:00 GMT Suggestive Strategies for Achieving Teacher Effectiveness Information Security Policy 3 require that these same issues be addressed withou t access to the necessary resources or controls. Frequently, the only control choice for small business may be policy. Mon, 28 Jan 2019 08:53:00 GMT Information Security Policy for Small business MOST WORSHIPFUL PRINCE HALL GRAND LODGE . FREE & ACCEPTED MASONS . STATE OF CALIFORNIA, INC. 9027 S. Figueroa Street . Los Angeles, California 90003-3229 Wed, 30 Jan 2019 17:19:00 GMT MOST WORSHIPFUL PRINCE HALL GRAND LODGE FREE & ACCEPTED ... PRINCIPLES OF REMOTE SENSING Shefali Aggarwal Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Division Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehra Dun Abstract : Remote sensing is a technique to observe the earth surface or the PRINCIPLES OF REMOTE SENSING wamis.org CLASSROOM DYNAMICS IN ADULT LITERACY EDUCATION Hal Beder and Patsy Medina Rutgers University NCSALL Reports #18 December 2001 Harvard University Graduate School of Education Classroom Dynamics in Adult Literacy Education L'economicitÃ delle imprese di trasporto pubblico locale (TPL). Comparazione dei costi, dei rendimenti e dei risultati, La tutela internazionale dei diritti umani (Farsi un'idea), Le parole del castello. Nomenclatura castellana, L'allegria Ã ̈ il mio elemento. Trecento lettere con Leone Piccioni, La vera dieta dei gruppi sanguigni, Lady Mechanika: 1, L'economia politica dei diritti umani: La Washington connection e il fascismo nel terzo mondoDopo il cataclisma, Le tue birre di frumento. Blanche, Weizen e altri stili birrari con frumento, L'autobiografia scientifica di Aldo Rossi. Un'indagine critica tra scrittura e progetto di architettura, Le ricette di Â«Cotto e mangiatoÂ», L'ambiente capitale. Alternative alla globalizzazione contro natura: Cuba investe sull'umanitÃ . Con DVD, La transazione, Le Opere di Galileo Galilei, Vol. 13: Prima Edizione Completa; Condotta Sugli Autentici Manoscritti Palatini e Dedicata A S. A. I. E R. Leopoldo II, Granduca di Toscana (Classic Reprint), Le regole del mercato senza regole, Le domus dei cardinali nella Roma del Duecento: Gioielli, mobili, libri (La corte dei papi), L'anima di un'artista. Mirella Guidetti Giacomelli, L'architettura nell'Italia contemporanea ovvero il tramonto del paesaggio, La Terra Ai Contadini: IL Passato, IL Presente e l'Avvenire della ProprietÃ in Italia (Classic Reprint), Le piÃ1 belle storie in cucina, Le Origini del Risorgimento Italiano (17891815) (Classic Reprint), L'anima delle spezie: 1, L'arte della cinematografiaThe art of cinematography. Ediz. bilingue. Con DVD, La storia di Livorno a fumetti 18001945, Le cucine di Romagna. Storia e ricette, Le origini della comunicazione umana, L'arte della fotografia digitale in bianconero. Ediz. illustrata, L'acero bonsai. La coltivazione dell'acero tridente e palmato: storia, segreti e tecniche di coltivazione, La tutela sociale e legale dei min renni. Interpretazione e pplic zione del diritto minorile, Le ribelli di Challant, Le ferrovie (Storica paperbacks Vol. 101), Le Attitudini della Colonia Eritrea all'Agricoltura: Memoria Letta Alla R. Acc demia del Georgofili observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF] [ePub] [Mobi] Download observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF], [ePub], [Mobi] Books observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF], [ePub], [Mobi] Page 3 observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis nell'Adunanza Straordinaria del di 18 Maggio 1902 (Classic Reprint)