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Sarah Bowen Savant

Bio: Sarah Bowen Savant is an academic researcher from Aga Khan University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Optical character recognition & Persian literature. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 7 publications receiving 71 citations.

Papers
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Book
30 Sep 2013
TL;DR: In this article, the prophet Mohammad's Persian companion, Salman al-Farisi, was described as a prophet who asserted the end of the past and reformed Iranians' memories of pre-Islamic times.
Abstract: 1. Prior connections to Islam 2. Muhammad's Persian companion, Salman al-Farisi 3. Finding meaning in the past 4. Reforming Iranians' memories of pre-Islamic times 5. The unhappy prophet 6. Asserting the end of the past.

57 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a series of computationally enhanced methods that derive from a variety of disciplines (e.g., corpus linguistics, computational linguistics and statistics) are applied to these large new corpora, which promises new insights on premodern Islamicate cultures and the improvement of existing digital tools and methods.
Abstract: The varied textual traditions of the premodern Islamicate World represent an opportunity and a problem for the Digital Humanities (DH) The opportunity lies in the sheer extent of this textual heritage: if we combine the textual output of premodern Persian and Arabic authors (not to mention Turkish and other less well-represented Islamicate languages), this body of texts constitutes arguably the largest written repository of human culture Analytical methods developed for other linguistic heritages can be repurposed to make use of this wealth of texts, and efforts are now underway to apply to them a series of computationally enhanced methods that derive from a variety of disciplines (eg, corpus linguistics, computational linguistics, the social sciences, and statistics) The application of these forms of analysis to these large new corpora promises new insights on premodern Islamicate cultures and the improvement of existing digital tools and methodologies

13 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: The OpenITI team has achieved Optical Character Recognition (OCR) accuracy rates for classical Arabic-script texts in the high nineties, which represent a distinct improvement over the actual accuracy rates of the various proprietary OCR options.
Abstract: The OpenITI team has achieved Optical Character Recognition (OCR) accuracy rates for classical Arabic-script texts in the high nineties. These numbers are based on our tests of seven different Arabic-script texts of varying quality and typefaces, totaling over 7,000 lines. These accuracy rates not only represent a distinct improvement over the actual accuracy rates of the various proprietary OCR options for classical Arabic-script texts, but, equally important, they are produced using an open-source OCR software, thus enabling us to make this Arabic-script OCR technology freely available to the broader Islamic, Persian, and Arabic Studies communities.

2 citations


Cited by
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Dissertation
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: In this article, a theoretical analysis of socio-economic underdevelopment in Iran in the modern era is presented, based on the Foucault's conceived relation between the production of truth and production of wealth.
Abstract: This study entails a theoretical reading of the Iranian modern history and follows an interdisciplinary agenda at the intersection of philosophy, economics, and politics and intends to offer a novel framework for the analysis of socio-economic underdevelopment in Iran in the modern era. A brief review of Iranian modern history from the constitutional revolution, to the oil nationalization movement, the 1979 Islamic Revolution, and the recent Reformist and Green movements demonstrates that Iranian people travelled full circle. This historical experience of socio-economic underdevelopment revolving around the bitter question of “why are we backward?” and its manifestation in perpetual socio-political instability and violence is the subject matter of this study. Foucault’s conceived relation between the production of truth and production of wealth captures the essence of hypothesis offered in this study. Michel Foucault (1980: 93-4) maintains that “In the last analysis, we must produce truth as we must produce wealth, indeed we must produce truth in order to produce wealth in the first place”. Based on a hybrid methodology combining hermeneutics of understanding and hermeneutics of suspicion, this study proposes that the failure to produce wealth has had particular roots in the failure in the production of truth. At the heart of the proposed theoretical model is the following formula: The Iranian dasein’s confused preference structure culminates in the formation of unstable coalitions which in turn leads to institutional failure, creating a chaotic social order and a turbulent history as experienced by the Iranian nation in the modern era. The following set of interrelated propositions elaborate further on the core formula of the model: Each and every Iranian person and her subjectivity and preference structure is the site of three distinct warring regimes of truth and identity choice sets (identity markers) related to the ancient Persian empire (Persianism), Islam, and modernity. These three historical a priori and regimes of truth act as conditions of possibility for social interactions, and are unities in multiplicities. They, in their perpetual state of tension and conflict, constitute the mutually exclusive, contradictory, and confused dimensions of the prism of the Iranian dasein. The confused preference structure prevents Iranian people from organizing themselves in stable coalitions required for collective action to achieve the desired socio-economic change. The complex interplay between the state of inbetweenness and the state of belatedness makes it impossible to form stable coalitions in any areas of life, work, and language to achieve the desired social transformations, turning Iran into a country of unstable coalitions and alliances in macro, meso and micro levels. This in turn leads to failure in the construction of stable institutions (a social order based on rule of law or any other stable institutional structure becomes impossible) due to perpetual tension between alternative regimes of truth manifested in warring discursive formations, relations of power, and techniques of subjectification and their associated economies of affectivity. This in turn culminates in relations of power in all micro, meso, and macro levels to become discretionary, atomic, and unpredictable, producing perpetual tensions and social violence in almost all sites of social interactions, and generating small and large social earthquakes (crises, movements, and revolutions) as experienced by the Iranian people in their modern history. As such, the society oscillates between the chaotic states of socio-political anarchy emanating from irreconcilable differences between and within social assemblages and their affiliated hybrid forms of regimes of truth in the springs of freedom and repressive states of order in the winters of discontent. Each time, after the experience of chaos, the order is restored based on the emergence of a final arbiter (Iranian leviathan) as the evolved coping strategy for achieving conflict resolution. This highly volatile truth cycle produces the experience of socio-economic backwardness. The explanatory power of the theoretical framework offered in the study exploring the relation between the production of truth, trust and wealth is tested on three strong events of Iranian modern history: the Constitutional Revolution, the Oil-Nationalization Movement and the Islamic Revolution. The significant policy implications of the model are explored.

52 citations

MonographDOI
17 Apr 2018
TL;DR: In this article, Hameen-Anttila analyzed the lost sixth-century history of the Sasanians, its lost Arabic translations, and the sources of Firdawsi's Shāhnāme.
Abstract: In Khwadāynāmag. The Middle Persian Book of Kings Jaakko Hameen-Anttila analyses the lost sixth-century historiographical work of the Sasanians, its lost Arabic translations, and the sources of Firdawsī's Shāhnāme .

33 citations

Book
25 Oct 2018
TL;DR: The transmission of Khalifa's Tarikh is discussed in this article, where Baqi b. Makhlad and Musa b. Zakariyya al-Tustari discuss the difference between the Recensions and the Question of Authorship.
Abstract: Acknowledgements Note on Conventions Introduction 1 Subject and Scope 2 Previous Studies on Khalifa's Tarikh 3 Manuscripts and Published Editions 1 The Transmission of Khalifa's Tarikh 1 Introduction 2 The Transmitters: Baqi b. Makhlad and Musa b. Zakariyya al-Tustari 3 Differences between the Recensions and the Question of Authorship 4 Missing Material in Baqi's Recension 5 Conclusion 2 Khalifa's Life and Works 1 Introduction 2 Biography 3 Works 4 Scholarly Reputation 5 Khalifa's Tarikh in Later Scholarship 6 Conclusion 3 Social and Intellectual Context 1 Introduction 2 Social and Political Context 3 Intellectual Context 4 Historiographical Context 5 Conclusion 4 Khalifa's Sources 1 Introduction 2 Main Direct Transmitters (20-110 Citations) 3 Less Frequently Cited Direct Transmitters (5-19 Citations) 4 Minor Direct Transmitters (1-4 Citations) 5 Major Indirect Sources 6 Analysis of Material 7 Conclusion 5 Khalifa's Methods 1 Introduction 2 Epistemology of Historical Knowledge 3 System of Reference 4 Selection and Evaluation of Transmitters 5 Conclusion 6 Structure and Arrangement of the Tarikh 1 Introduction 2 Concept of Chronography 3 General Structure: Annalistic and Caliphal Chronology 4 Structure of Individual Years and Lists 5 Conclusion 7 Themes I: Prophethood, Community and Hegemony 1 Introduction 2 Prophethood 3 Community 4 Hegemony 5 Conclusion 8 Themes II: Leadership and Civil War 1 Introduction 2 The Rashidun Period 3 The Umayyad Period 4 The 'Abbasid Period 5 Conclusion Conclusion 1 Overview 2 Methods, Concerns and Contexts of the Early Historians 3 Chronography among the Early Hadith Scholars 4 Articulations of Sunni Views in the Early Historical Tradition Appendix: Citations of Khalifa in al-Bukhari's al-Jami' al-sahih Bibliography Index

28 citations