scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

Sayantani Das

Bio: Sayantani Das is an academic researcher from University of Calcutta. The author has contributed to research in topics: Dielectric & Cadmium selenide. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 26 publications receiving 245 citations.

Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
29 Dec 2016-PLOS ONE
TL;DR: Results conclusively indicate that Withaferin-A induces death in both human breast cancer cell-lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines by ROS-mediated paraptosis.
Abstract: Advancement in cancer therapy requires a better understanding of the detailed mechanisms that induce death in cancer cells. Besides apoptosis, themode of other types of cell death has been increasingly recognized in response to therapy. Paraptosis is a non-apoptotic alternative form of programmed cell death, morphologically) distinct from apoptosis and autophagy. In the present study, Withaferin-A (WA) induced hyperpolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential and formation of many cytoplasmic vesicles. This was due to progressive swelling and fusion of mitochondria and dilation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), forming large vacuolar structures that eventually filled the cytoplasm in human breast cancer cell-lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. The level of indigenous paraptosis inhibitor, Alix/AIP-1 (Actin Interacting Protein-1) was down-regulated by WA treatment. Additionally, prevention of WA-induced cell death and vacuolation on co-treatment with protein-synthesis inhibitor indicated requirement of de-novo protein synthesis. Co-treatment with apoptosis inhibitor resulted in significant augmentation of WA-induced death in MCF-7 cells, while partial inhibition in MDA-MB-231 cells; implyingthat apoptosis was not solely responsible for the process.WA-mediated cytoplasmic vacuolationcould not be prevented by autophagy inhibitor wortmanninas well, claiming this process to be a non-autophagic one. Early induction of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species)by WA in both the cell-lines was observed. ROS inhibitorabrogated the effect of WA on: cell-death, expression of proliferation-associated factor andER-stress related proteins,splicing of XBP-1 (X Box Binding Protein-1) mRNA and formation of paraptotic vacuoles.All these results conclusively indicate thatWA induces deathin bothMCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines byROS-mediated paraptosis.

56 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of Ca doping on the electrical properties of BZT is clearly noticeable, as the resistance of the grain (bulk) and the grain boundary is increased as a consequence of the increase in the activation energy of Ca substituted BZt samples.
Abstract: The Ca modified Ba 1−x Ca x Zr 0.1 Ti 0.9 O 3 (BCZT) system for x=0.00–0.20 is synthesized by the high-temperature conventional solid state reaction method. The morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) between the tetragonal and cubic structure is obtained at room temperature for the composition x=0.15. The doping of Ca facilitates the enhancement of the homogeneity of microstructure and growth of the grain size. The phase transition is also confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. In order to explore the effect of Ca concentration variation on the conduction mechanism of BaZr 0.1 Ti 0.9 O 3 (BZT) ceramic, the frequency dependent ac impedance spectroscopy technique is used at various temperatures. The effect of Ca doping on the electrical properties of BZT is clearly noticeable. The resistance of the grain (bulk) and the grain boundary is increased as a consequence of the increase in the activation energy of Ca substituted BZT samples. The enhanced resistivity of the Ca substituted BZT ceramics is explained in terms of the decrease in the mobility of the charge carriers associated with the lattice distortion. The electric modulus analysis reveals the enhanced capacitance of BCZT ceramics which is in good agreement with the results obtained from complex impedance analysis.

37 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Findings altogether indicate that WA mediated inhibition of proteasomal degradation system and perturbation of autophagy, i.e. suppression of both the intracellular degradation systems caused accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins, which in turn led to unfolded protein response and ER stress mediated proteotoxicity in human breast cancer cell-lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231.

34 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the dielectric dispersion of cadmium oxide has been investigated in the temperature range from 313 to 393 K and in the frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz by impedance spectroscopy.
Abstract: Nanoparticles of cadmium oxide have been synthesized by soft chemical route using thioglycerol as the capping agent. The crystallite size is determined by X-ray diffraction technique and the particle size is obtained by transmission electron microscope. The band gap of the material is obtained using Tauc relation to UV–visible absorption spectrum. The photoluminescence emission spectra of the sample are measured at various excitation wavelengths. The molecular components in the material have been analyzed by FT-IR spectroscopy. The dielectric dispersion of the material is investigated in the temperature range from 313 to 393 K and in the frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz by impedance spectroscopy. The Cole–Cole model is used to describe the dielectric relaxation of the system. The scaling behavior of imaginary part of impedance shows that the relaxation describes the same mechanism at various temperatures. The frequency-dependent electrical data are also analyzed in the framework of conductivity and electrical modulus formalisms. The frequency-dependent conductivity spectra are found to obey the power law.

31 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, modern phytolith assemblages were studied from different parts of 33 non-grass species representing 27 genera under 23 families collected from different deltaic sub-environments of the study area.

25 citations


Cited by
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a review article highlighted the types of nanoparticles and their synthesis methods, characterization techniques, and applications of the nanomaterials which provide a general idea to the young researchers.

209 citations

01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macro-autophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes.
Abstract: In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy in different organisms. Various reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, there continues to be confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure autophagy, especially in multicellular eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers or volume of autophagic elements (e.g., autophagosomes or autolysosomes) at any stage of the autophagic process vs. those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway (i.e., the complete process); thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from stimuli that result in increased autophagic activity, defined as increased autophagy induction coupled with increased delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes and some protists such as Dictyostelium) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). In other words, it is especially important that investigators new to the field understand that the appearance of more autophagosomes does not necessarily equate with more autophagy. In fact, in many cases, autophagosomes accumulate because of a block in trafficking to lysosomes without a concomitant change in autophagosome biogenesis, whereas an increase in autolysosomes may reflect a reduction in degradative activity. Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes. These guidelines are not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to monitor autophagy. In these guidelines, we consider these various methods of assessing autophagy and what information can, or cannot, be obtained from them. Finally, by discussing the merits and limits of particular autophagy assays, we hope to encourage technical innovation in the field.

173 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The roles and relationships of oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis, DNA damage, ER stress, autophagy, metabolism, and migration of ROS-modulating anticancer drugs are explored.

134 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The mechanism of action of the most potent complex, 13, was explored further and indicated that 13 induces cytoplasmic vacuolization that is lysosomal in nature, suggesting that a novel mode of action may be operative for this class of rhenium compounds.
Abstract: Seven rhenium(I) complexes of the general formula fac-[Re(CO)3(NN)(OH2)]+ where NN = 2,2′-bipyridine (8), 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine (9), 4,4′-dimethoxy-2,2′-bipyridine (10), dimethyl 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-dicarboxylate (11), 1,10-phenanthroline (12), 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (13), or 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (14), were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. With the exception of 11, all complexes exhibited 50% growth inhibitory concentration (IC50) values that were less than 20 μM in HeLa cells, indicating that these compounds represent a new potential class of anticancer agents. Complexes 9, 10, and 13 were as effective in cisplatin-resistant cells as wild-type cells, signifying that they circumvent cisplatin resistance. The mechanism of action of the most potent complex, 13, was explored further by leveraging its intrinsic luminescence properties to determine its intracellular localization. These studies ind...

130 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a series of (1 − x)BiVO4-xLaNbO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) ceramics were prepared via a solid state reaction method.
Abstract: A series of (1 − x)BiVO4–xLaNbO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) ceramics were prepared via a solid state reaction method. A scheelite-structured solid solution was formed for x ≤ 0.5 but for x > 0.5, tetragonal scheelite, monoclinic LaNbO4-type and La1/3NbO3 phases co-existed. As x increased from 0 to 0.1, the room temperature crystal structure gradually changed from monoclinic to tetragonal scheelite, associated with a decrease in the ferroelastic phase transition temperature from 255 °C (BiVO4) to room temperature or even below. High sintering temperatures were also found to accelerate this phase transition for compositions with x ≤ 0.08. Temperature independent high quality factor Qf >10000 GHz in a wide temperature range 25–140 °C and high microwave permittivity er ∼76.3 ± 0.5 was obtained for the x = 0.06 ceramic sintered at 800 °C. However, small changes in composition resulted in a change in the sign and magnitude of the temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) due to the proximity of the ferroelastic transition to room temperature. If TCF can be controlled and tuned through zero, then (1 − x)BiVO4–xLaNbO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) is a strong candidate for microwave device applications.

108 citations