scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

Sebastián Felipe Sánchez Zapata

Bio: Sebastián Felipe Sánchez Zapata is an academic researcher from University of Chile. The author has contributed to research in topics: Malice & Ascription. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 11 publications receiving 35 citations. Previous affiliations of Sebastián Felipe Sánchez Zapata include Cochrane Collaboration & EAFIT University.

Papers
More filters
Journal Article
TL;DR: The article 9 of the Colombian Criminal Code defines, as system governing principle, the punishable behavior concept as mentioned in this paper, which is the most important item of crime's theory. But the interpretation of this concept has not yet been studied in the legal system.
Abstract: Article 9 of the Criminal Code defines, as system governing principle, the punishable behavior concept. The following text, questioning the uncritical reception of foreign theories to the legal system, (also Codes, rules, etc.) presents some of the most important items of crime's theory (behavior concept, negative and result sense, causation and ascription, malice systematic location and imputable liability) through Colombian criminal doctrine's interpretation.

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For instance, the authors reportó una epidemiologia variable alrededor del mundo asociada a diferencias demograficas y socioculturales, with escasos estudios in Latinoamerica.

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A significant number of dental journals published in Spain and Latin America in Spanish language present original research relevant to inform clinical practice, and this work calls for adherence to the CONSORT statement in dentistry to improve reporting of CCTs.
Abstract: Background To identify controlled clinical trials (CCTs) published in Spanish and in Latin American dental journals, and provide access to this body of evidence in a single source. Methods Handsearching, following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines, of CCTs published in Spanish dental journals from Spain and Latin America. For each eligible trial, we collected the dental specialty, the interventions evaluated, whether and how randomisation was achieved, and the corresponding bibliographic reference. Results We handsearched 107 journals published in Spain and Latin America in Spanish. Over 17 051 articles, 244 (1.43%) were CCTs. These studies focused mainly on periodontics (70, 29.0%) and oral and maxillofacial surgery (66, 27.0%), assessing mostly pharmacological interventions (112, 46.0%). One hundred fifty-three studies (62.7%) used a random allocation of participants to study arms. Conclusions A significant number of dental journals published in Spain and Latin America in Spanish language present original research relevant to inform clinical practice. These journals are not indexed in the major electronic databases. Practical implications References to the identified CCTs are now available in CENTRAL, the Cochrane Collaboration repository for these studies. We call for adherence to the CONSORT statement in dentistry to improve reporting of CCTs in journals published in Spanish language.

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The aim is to describe the frequency of surgically treated midface fractures in Instituto Traumatologico of Santiago, Chile and the resultados obtenidos permiten describir the distribucion of las fracturas del tercio medio facial that requieren tratamiento quirurgico en the poblacion estudiada.
Abstract: Introduccion. Las fracturas maxilofaciales estan asociadas a alta morbilidad, perdida de funcion, secuelas esteticas y psicologicas, y, a un alto costo economico en su tratamiento.En muchos paises se han descrito la prevalencia e incidencia de las fracturas maxilofaciales, no obstante, existen diferencias debido a factores sociales, demograficos y culturales de cada region. Nuestro objetivo es describir la frecuencia de las fracturas del tercio medio facial tratadas quirurgicamente en el Instituto Traumatologico de Santiago, Chile.Materiales y Metodos. Se realizo un estudio transversal en el Servicio de Cirugia Maxilofacial del Instituto Traumatologico, mediante la revision de todas las fichas clinicas con datos completos de los sujetos operados por fracturas del tercio medio facial entre Enero 2001 a Diciembre 2010. Se recopilo informacion en relacion a la edad, genero, tipo de fractura, etiologia, prevision de salud y fecha de la cirugia. La muestra correspondio a 549 pacientes.Resultados. Los 549 pacientes presentaron 709 fracturas del tercio medio facial. La proporcion entre hombre: mujer con fracturas del tercio medio facial fue de 5,3:1, siendo el grupo etario entre los 20 y 29 anos el mas afectado y las agresiones como el factor etiologico mas frecuente. La fractura mas frecuente fue la nasal, seguida de las del complejo cigomatico. Conclusion. Los resultados obtenidos permiten describir la distribucion de las fracturas del tercio medio facial que requieren tratamiento quirurgico en la poblacion estudiada. Nuestra investigacion muestra caracteristicas similares a otros estudios en relacion a la poblacion afectada y la localizacion anatomica de este tipo de fracturas. Palabras claves: Traumatismos maxilofaciales, epidemiologia, fractura de tercio medio facial. Introduction. Maxillofacial fractures are associated with high morbidity, loss of function, aesthetics and psychological sequelae and substancial economical costs for surgical treatment. The incidence and the prevalence of maxillofacial trauma have been reported in many countries, with differences being found between studies due to sociocultural factors. Our aim is to describe the frequency of surgically treated midface fractures in Instituto Traumatologico of Santiago, Chile.Materials and Methods. We performed a cross sectional study at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Instituto Traumatologico (Chile), by reviewing medical records of subjects with midfacial fractures treated surgically from January 2001 to December 2010. Information was collected according to patient age and gender, aetiology, type of fracture, health insurance and date of the intervention. The sample consisted of 549 patients.Results. There was a total of 549 patients with a total of 709 fractures. The male:female ratio with midface fractures was 5,3:1. The most affected age group was from 20 and 29 years. Most fractures were caused by aggression. The most common fracture was nasal, followed by zygomatic complex fractures.Conclusion. The findings of the study allow us to know the distribution patterns of surgically treated midface fractures. Our study showed similar characteristics to other studies in terms of affected population and the distribution of the location of fractures. Keywords: Maxillofacial Injuries, epidemiology, midface fracture.

3 citations


Cited by
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Exclusion of non-English publications from systematic reviews on clinical interventions had a minimal effect on overall conclusions and could be a viable methodological shortcut, especially for rapid reviews.

135 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mandibular fracture is a common facial injury with variable incidence and etiology across gender and age range and the findings of this study provide important clinical information that will assist in the treatment planning of these types of injuries.
Abstract: Background/Aim As reported in the literature by several authors, there is a great variation between countries in terms of etiology and patterns of mandibular fractures. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of mandibular fractures at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, “Dr. Domingo Luciani” Hospital, Venezuela during the period January 2010 to March 2013. Materials And Methods A retrospective study was conducted to assess the etiology of trauma, age group, gender, anatomic distribution of injury and combination patterns by reviewing patients records. Results There were 334 patients with 522 mandibular fractures averaging 1.56 fractures per patient. Eighty five percent of the patients were males with an overall male: female ratio of 6.15:1. The highest occurrence of trauma was in the 20-29 years (43.4%). The etiology most frequently observed was motorcycle traffic accidents in 94 patients (28.1%) and the parasymphysis region was the most common location with 144 (27.6%) fractures. Almost half (48.8%) of the injuries were combined mandibular fractures with 29 different combinations and the most common was a mandibular body fracture + parasymphysis fracture (22.1%). Conclusion Mandibular fracture is a common facial injury with variable incidence and etiology across gender and age range. The findings of this study are similar to others studies and provide important clinical information that will assist in the treatment planning of these types of injuries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

23 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A maximum number of maxillofacial fractures cases were in the second and third decades of life, and the high-speed vehicles and lack of protective safety accessories such as helmets and seatbelts were responsible for the wide variety of pattern fractures of facial bones.
Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study is to analyze the maxillofacial fracture pattern from road traffic accidents (RTAs) in cases treated surgically in a tertiary hospital during July 2008–June 2018. Materials and Method: Data available in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery of the institution of patients with maxillofacial fractures sustained due to RTAs that were treated in the department between the period July 2008 and June 2018 were collected and analyzed. The variables analyzed for the study were etiology, gender, age, and type of fracture. All cases were treated by open reduction and rigid internal fixation. Results: A total of 348 patients with maxillofacial fractures were diagnosed, of which 335 were male and 13 were female. The ages ranged from 7 to 70 years. The maximum cases were in the age group of 16–30 years with 181 fractures followed by 31–45 group with 133 fractures, 45–60 years with 21 fractures, 0–15 years with 8 fractures, and >60 years with five fractures. The maximum incidence of fractures was in the mandible with 168 cases followed by 92 in zygomatic complex, combination of fractures in 53 cases, 13 LeFort I fractures, nine frontal bone fractures, three fractures in other areas, five nasal fractures, and five LeFort II fractures. Males predominated the cases of mandibular fractures involving multiple sites and cases involving multiple bones. Conclusion: A maximum number of maxillofacial fractures cases were in the second and third decades of life, and the high-speed vehicles and lack of protective safety accessories such as helmets and seatbelts were responsible for the wide variety of pattern fractures of facial bones.

19 citations

20 Feb 2020
TL;DR: A traves del analisis heuristico y hermeneutico, el derecho penal and the psiquiatria forense se surten de elementos procedentes de la dinamica pluridimensional de contexto e individualidad del ser; alli converge the expresion dialectica del funcionamiento social del individuo representada in el pronostico clinico for el perito psiquia and el caracter predictivo and posdictivo for el operador judicial penal as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: A traves del analisis heuristico y hermeneutico, el derecho penal y la psiquiatria forense se surten de elementos procedentes de la dinamica pluridimensional de contexto e individualidad del ser; alli converge la expresion dialectica del funcionamiento social del individuo representada en el pronostico clinico para el perito psiquiatra y el caracter predictivo y posdictivo para el operador judicial penal. Es nuestra pretension que de tal convergencia se surtan decisiones juridicas en justicia y equidad, salvaguardando los derechos fundamentales, principios penales y penales procesales locales e internacionales de quien postulamos bajo el instituto autonomo de imputabilidad disminuida; cuyo enfoque y manejo terapeutico-juridico diferencial, habra de dirigirse para la intervencion de los factores incidentes en el desde la profilaxis social, a cargo de equipos inter y multidisciplinarios con participacion intersectorial y de la academia que ejecuten de manera efectiva y eficiente politicas publicas emanadas del gobierno: sanitarias, criminologicas, legislativas y pedagogicas, dejando de lado el esquema paliativo generico operante.

14 citations