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Seong-Jin Kim

Bio: Seong-Jin Kim is an academic researcher from Korea Aerospace University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Diffuser (thermodynamics) & Transonic. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 3 publications receiving 44 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the design and operational parameters of rocket exhaust diffusers equipped to simulate high-altitude rocket performance on the ground were investigated and characterized using a comprehensive approach (theoretical, numerical, and experimental).
Abstract: The design and operational parameters of rocket exhaust diffusers equipped to simulate high-altitude rocket performance on the ground were investigated and characterized using a comprehensive approach (theoretical, numerical, and experimental). The physical model of concern includes a rocket motor, a vacuum chamber, and a diffuser, which have axisymmetric configurations. Further, the operational characteristics of a rocket exhaust diffuserwereanalyzed froma flowdevelopmentpointof view.Emphasiswasplacedondetailed flowstructure inthe diffuser, to observe the pressure oscillation in both the vacuum chamber and diffuser, which determines the minimum rocket-motor pressure required to start the diffuser. Numerical simulations were compared with experimental data on startup and in operational conditions to understand the effects of major design parameters, including the area ratio of diffuser to rocket-motor nozzle throat, the rocket-motor pressure, and the vacuumchamber size. Nomenclature Ad = inner cross-sectional area of diffuser Ade = exit cross-sectional area of diffuser Ae = exit cross-sectional area of rocket nozzle At = throat cross-sectional area of rocket nozzle

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, an assessment of two-equation turbulence models, the low Reynolds k-e and k-ω SST models, with the compressibility corrections proposed by Sarkar and Wilcox, has been performed.
Abstract: An assessment of two-equation turbulence models, the low Reynolds k-e and k-ω SST models, with the compressibility corrections proposed by Sarkar and Wilcox, has been performed. The compressibility models are evaluated by investigating transonic or supersonic flows, including the arc-bump, transonic diffuser, supersonic jet impingement, and unsteady supersonic diffuser. A unified implicit finite volume scheme, consisting of mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations, is used, and the results are compared with experimental data. The model accuracy is found to depend strongly on the flow separation behavior. An MPI (Message Passing Interface) parallel computing scheme is implemented.

15 citations


Cited by
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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigate the operation condition of a fluidic thrust vector using injection of the control flow tangential to the main jet direction; co-flow injection is used to analyze the dynamic characteristics of fluidic control of jet vectoring up-and downward from the nozzle axis, so that the response time of jet deflection to control flow injection and the pressure dispersion on the nozzle wall were investigated.
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate the operation condition of fluidic thrust vector using injection of the control flow tangential to the main jet direction; co-flow injection. The physical model of concern includes a chamber and a supersonic nozzle for supersonic main jet injection, and two chambers with slots for control flow injection. Steadystate numerical and experimental studies were conducted to investigate operating parameters; detailed flow structures, jet deflection angles, and shock effects were observed near the nozzle exit. An unsteady numerical calculation was conducted to analyze the dynamic characteristics of fluidic control of jet vectoring up- and downward from the nozzle axis, so that the response time of jet deflection to control flow injection and the pressure dispersion on the nozzle wall were investigated. Internal nozzle performance was predicted for total pressure range of the jet from 300 kPa to 1000 kPa to the control flow pressure from 120 to 200 kPa. To take into account the important features of high-speed flows, including shock-boundary layer interactions, a low Reynolds number k-e turbulence model with compressible-dissipation and pressure-dilatation effects was applied.

43 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the impact of the acoustic characteristics of the intake and the buzz fluctuations on the supersonic air intake and found that there is a strong relation between acoustic characteristics and the frequency of the air intake's oscillations.
Abstract: Buzz phenomenon is shock oscillation ahead of the supersonic air intake when its mass flow rate is decreasing at off-design condition. The buzz onset and the buzz cycle of an axisymmetric mixed-compression supersonic intake have been experimentally investigated through pressure recording and shadowgraph flow visualization. The intake was designed for a freestream Mach number of 2.0; however, tests were conducted for M∞=1.8, 2.0, and 2.2. All tests were performed at 0 deg angle of attack. Results show that there is a strong relation between the acoustic characteristics of the intake and the buzz fluctuations. This relation causes a new pattern for the buzz oscillations, large-amplitude oscillations with large frequency, that has features of both little buzz (Ferri-type instability) and big buzz (Dailey-type instability). Flow separation caused by the shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction and acoustic compression waves are the most important driving mechanisms in the buzz cycle. Both amplitude and frequency...

40 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a sliding mesh method was applied to take into account the effects of the pintle shape and movement, and the physical nozzle throat based on pintle location was analytically investigated and found to compare well with numerical results.
Abstract: Unsteady numerical simulations of pintle nozzles were implemented to investigate dynamic characteristics of various pintle configurations. To take into account the effects of the pintle shape and movement, a sliding mesh method was applied. The physical nozzle throat based on pintle location was analytically investigated and found to compare well with numerical results. The static and dynamic results are verified with the experimental results. The flow separation shock trains as the pintle strokes are analyzed according to the three pintle models. The response lag and sensitivity of the chamber pressure and nozzle performance were evaluated for pintle reciprocation, insertion, and extraction processes to better understand the dynamic performance of the pintle nozzle. The pressure coupling effects of the propellant burning surface during the pintle reciprocation are conducted, which are compared with the cold-flow cases.

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a zonal hybrid RANS/LES framework was applied to analyze supersonic combustion in a model scramjet combustor, which achieved a free flight Mach number of 5.5 and total air temperature of 1500 K.

26 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a detailed three-dimensional numerical simulation was conducted to investigate the flow and H2-air mixing characteristics in a scramjet engine with two intake sidewalls and a cavity flameholder.
Abstract: A detailed three-dimensional numerical simulation was conducted to investigate the flow and H2-air mixing characteristics in a scramjet engine with two intake sidewalls and a cavity flameholder. Turbulence closure was achieved using a model that combines the low-Reynolds-number k-e two-equation model and Sarkar and Wilcox’s compressible turbulent-correction model. The governing equations were solved numerically by means of a finite volume, preconditioned flux-differencing scheme. Cases of with and without intake sidewalls were considered. Intake sidewalls were found to strongly affect the inlet flow structure, which became more complex in the nonuniform flowfield on the cross section perpendicular to the engine axis. The complex and nonuniform flow affected the H2-air mixing pattern inside the combustion chamber, unlike the pattern of the case of without sidewalls. To verify the accuracy of the simulation, the computed wall pressure was compared with the experimental data. Mixing efficiency and fuel-propa...

20 citations