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Sergei A. Tretyakov

Bio: Sergei A. Tretyakov is an academic researcher from Aalto University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Metamaterial & Antenna (radio). The author has an hindex of 73, co-authored 814 publications receiving 21952 citations. Previous affiliations of Sergei A. Tretyakov include Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University & Helsinki University of Technology.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) can be realized in different ways, which include (i) large arrays of inexpensive antennas that are usually spaced half of the wavelength apart; and (ii) metamaterial-based planar or conformal large surfaces whose scattering elements have sizes and inter-distances much smaller than the wavelength.
Abstract: Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) are an emerging transmission technology for application to wireless communications. RISs can be realized in different ways, which include (i) large arrays of inexpensive antennas that are usually spaced half of the wavelength apart; and (ii) metamaterial-based planar or conformal large surfaces whose scattering elements have sizes and inter-distances much smaller than the wavelength. Compared with other transmission technologies, e.g., phased arrays, multi-antenna transmitters, and relays, RISs require the largest number of scattering elements, but each of them needs to be backed by the fewest and least costly components. Also, no power amplifiers are usually needed. For these reasons, RISs constitute a promising software-defined architecture that can be realized at reduced cost, size, weight, and power (C-SWaP design), and are regarded as an enabling technology for realizing the emerging concept of smart radio environments (SREs). In this paper, we (i) introduce the emerging research field of RIS-empowered SREs; (ii) overview the most suitable applications of RISs in wireless networks; (iii) present an electromagnetic-based communication-theoretic framework for analyzing and optimizing metamaterial-based RISs; (iv) provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research; and (v) discuss the most important research issues to tackle. Owing to the interdisciplinary essence of RIS-empowered SREs, finally, we put forth the need of reconciling and reuniting C. E. Shannon’s mathematical theory of communication with G. Green’s and J. C. Maxwell’s mathematical theories of electromagnetism for appropriately modeling, analyzing, optimizing, and deploying future wireless networks empowered by RISs.

1,158 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the basic physics and applications of planar metamaterials, often called metasurfaces, which are composed of optically thin and densely packed planar arrays of resonant or nearly resonant subwavelength elements, are reviewed.

1,047 citations

Book
30 Jun 2003
TL;DR: In this paper, thin layers and sheets interfaces with highly conducting materials periodical structures, arrays and meshes composite materials applications in metamaterials and artificial impedance surfaces, and the performance of these materials is evaluated.
Abstract: Thin layers and sheets interfaces with highly conducting materials periodical structures, arrays and meshes composite materials applications in metamaterials and artificial impedance surfaces.

724 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: The emerging research field of RIS-empowered SREs is introduced; the most suitable applications of RISs in wireless networks are overviewed; an electromagnetic-based communication-theoretic framework for analyzing and optimizing metamaterial-based RISs is presented; and the most important research issues to tackle are discussed.
Abstract: What is a reconfigurable intelligent surface? What is a smart radio environment? What is a metasurface? How do metasurfaces work and how to model them? How to reconcile the mathematical theories of communication and electromagnetism? What are the most suitable uses and applications of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces in wireless networks? What are the most promising smart radio environments for wireless applications? What is the current state of research? What are the most important and challenging research issues to tackle? These are a few of the many questions that we investigate in this short opus, which has the threefold objective of introducing the emerging research field of smart radio environments empowered by reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, putting forth the need of reconciling and reuniting C. E. Shannon's mathematical theory of communication with G. Green's and J. C. Maxwell's mathematical theories of electromagnetism, and reporting pragmatic guidelines and recipes for employing appropriate physics-based models of metasurfaces in wireless communications.

663 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
16 Jun 2020
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the potential applications of RISs in wireless networks that operate at high-frequency bands, eg, millimeter wave (30-100 GHz) and sub-millimeter-wave (greater than 100 GHz) frequencies when used in a manner similar to relays.
Abstract: Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have the potential of realizing the emerging concept of smart radio environments by leveraging the unique properties of metamaterials and large arrays of inexpensive antennas In this article, we discuss the potential applications of RISs in wireless networks that operate at high-frequency bands, eg, millimeter wave (30-100 GHz) and sub-millimeter wave (greater than 100 GHz) frequencies When used in wireless networks, RISs may operate in a manner similar to relays The present paper, therefore, elaborates on the key differences and similarities between RISs that are configured to operate as anomalous reflectors and relays In particular, we illustrate numerical results that highlight the spectral efficiency gains of RISs when their size is sufficiently large as compared with the wavelength of the radio waves In addition, we discuss key open issues that need to be addressed for unlocking the potential benefits of RISs for application to wireless communications and networks

651 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

08 Dec 2001-BMJ
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

33,785 citations

Proceedings Article
01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe photonic crystals as the analogy between electron waves in crystals and the light waves in artificial periodic dielectric structures, and the interest in periodic structures has been stimulated by the fast development of semiconductor technology that now allows the fabrication of artificial structures, whose period is comparable with the wavelength of light in the visible and infrared ranges.
Abstract: The term photonic crystals appears because of the analogy between electron waves in crystals and the light waves in artificial periodic dielectric structures. During the recent years the investigation of one-, two-and three-dimensional periodic structures has attracted a widespread attention of the world optics community because of great potentiality of such structures in advanced applied optical fields. The interest in periodic structures has been stimulated by the fast development of semiconductor technology that now allows the fabrication of artificial structures, whose period is comparable with the wavelength of light in the visible and infrared ranges.

2,722 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Naomi J. Halas1, Surbhi Lal1, Wei-Shun Chang1, Stephan Link1, Peter Nordlander1 

2,702 citations

PatentDOI
19 Oct 2007-Nature
TL;DR: An active metamaterial device capable of efficient real-time control and manipulation of terahertz radiation is demonstrated, which enables modulation of THz transmission by 50 per cent, an order of magnitude improvement over existing devices.
Abstract: Metamaterial structures are taught which provide for the modulation of terahertz frequency signals. Each element within an array of metamaterial (MM) elements comprises multiple loops and at least one gap. The MM elements may comprise resonators with conductive loops and insulated gaps, or the inverse in which insulated loops are present with conductive gaps; each providing useful transmissive control properties. The metamaterial elements are fabricated on a semiconducting substrate configured with a means of enhancing or depleting electrons from near the gaps of the MM elements. An on to off transmissivity ratio of about 0.5 is achieved with this approach. Embodiments are described in which the MM elements incorporated within a Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) to provide surface emitting (SE) properties.

1,978 citations