Other affiliations: Alibaba Group, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Institute for Infocomm Research Singapore ...read more
Bio: Shijian Lu is an academic researcher from Nanyang Technological University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Computer science & Image segmentation. The author has an hindex of 44, co-authored 250 publications receiving 7429 citations. Previous affiliations of Shijian Lu include Alibaba Group & Agency for Science, Technology and Research.
Papers published on a yearly basis
23 Aug 2015
TL;DR: A new Challenge 4 on Incidental Scene Text has been added to the Challenges on Born-Digital Images, Focused Scene Images and Video Text and tasks assessing End-to-End system performance have been introduced to all Challenges.
Abstract: Results of the ICDAR 2015 Robust Reading Competition are presented. A new Challenge 4 on Incidental Scene Text has been added to the Challenges on Born-Digital Images, Focused Scene Images and Video Text. Challenge 4 is run on a newly acquired dataset of 1,670 images evaluating Text Localisation, Word Recognition and End-to-End pipelines. In addition, the dataset for Challenge 3 on Video Text has been substantially updated with more video sequences and more accurate ground truth data. Finally, tasks assessing End-to-End system performance have been introduced to all Challenges. The competition took place in the first quarter of 2015, and received a total of 44 submissions. Only the tasks newly introduced in 2015 are reported on. The datasets, the ground truth specification and the evaluation protocols are presented together with the results and a brief summary of the participating methods.
••15 Jun 2019
TL;DR: Li et al. as discussed by the authors proposed an end-to-end trainable scene text recognition system (ESIR) that iteratively removes perspective distortion and text line curvature as driven by better text recognition performance.
Abstract: Automated recognition of texts in scenes has been a research challenge for years, largely due to the arbitrary text appearance variation in perspective distortion, text line curvature, text styles and different types of imaging artifacts. The recent deep networks are capable of learning robust representations with respect to imaging artifacts and text style changes, but still face various problems while dealing with scene texts with perspective and curvature distortions. This paper presents an end-to-end trainable scene text recognition system (ESIR) that iteratively removes perspective distortion and text line curvature as driven by better scene text recognition performance. An innovative rectification network is developed, where a line-fitting transformation is designed to estimate the pose of text lines in scenes. Additionally, an iterative rectification framework is developed which corrects scene text distortions iteratively towards a fronto-parallel view. The ESIR is also robust to parameter initialization and easy to train, where the training needs only scene text images and word-level annotations as required by most scene text recognition systems. Extensive experiments over a number of public datasets show that the proposed ESIR is capable of rectifying scene text distortions accurately, achieving superior recognition performance for both normal scene text images and those suffering from perspective and curvature distortions.
TL;DR: A novel document image binarization technique that addresses issues ofSegmentation of text from badly degraded document images by using adaptive image contrast, a combination of the local image contrast and theLocal image gradient that is tolerant to text and background variation caused by different types of document degradations.
Abstract: Segmentation of text from badly degraded document images is a very challenging task due to the high inter/intra-variation between the document background and the foreground text of different document images. In this paper, we propose a novel document image binarization technique that addresses these issues by using adaptive image contrast. The adaptive image contrast is a combination of the local image contrast and the local image gradient that is tolerant to text and background variation caused by different types of document degradations. In the proposed technique, an adaptive contrast map is first constructed for an input degraded document image. The contrast map is then binarized and combined with Canny's edge map to identify the text stroke edge pixels. The document text is further segmented by a local threshold that is estimated based on the intensities of detected text stroke edge pixels within a local window. The proposed method is simple, robust, and involves minimum parameter tuning. It has been tested on three public datasets that are used in the recent document image binarization contest (DIBCO) 2009 & 2011 and handwritten-DIBCO 2010 and achieves accuracies of 93.5%, 87.8%, and 92.03%, respectively, that are significantly higher than or close to that of the best-performing methods reported in the three contests. Experiments on the Bickley diary dataset that consists of several challenging bad quality document images also show the superior performance of our proposed method, compared with other techniques.
••09 Jun 2010
TL;DR: A new document image binarization technique that segments the text from badly degraded historical document images by using local thresholds that are estimated from the detected high contrast pixels within a local neighborhood window.
Abstract: This paper presents a new document image binarization technique that segments the text from badly degraded historical document images. The proposed technique makes use of the image contrast that is defined by the local image maximum and minimum. Compared with the image gradient, the image contrast evaluated by the local maximum and minimum has a nice property that it is more tolerant to the uneven illumination and other types of document degradation such as smear. Given a historical document image, the proposed technique first constructs a contrast image and then detects the high contrast image pixels which usually lie around the text stroke boundary. The document text is then segmented by using local thresholds that are estimated from the detected high contrast pixels within a local neighborhood window. The proposed technique has been tested over the dataset that is used in the recent Document Image Binarization Contest (DIBCO) 2009. Experiments show its superior performance.
TL;DR: The proposed technique was submitted to the recent document image binarization contest (DIBCO) held under the framework of ICDAR 2009 and has achieved the top performance among 43 algorithms that are submitted from 35 international research groups.
Abstract: Document images often suffer from different types of degradation that renders the document image binarization a challenging task. This paper presents a document image binarization technique that segments the text from badly degraded document images accurately. The proposed technique is based on the observations that the text documents usually have a document background of the uniform color and texture and the document text within it has a different intensity level compared with the surrounding document background. Given a document image, the proposed technique first estimates a document background surface through an iterative polynomial smoothing procedure. Different types of document degradation are then compensated by using the estimated document background surface. The text stroke edge is further detected from the compensated document image by using L1-norm image gradient. Finally, the document text is segmented by a local threshold that is estimated based on the detected text stroke edges. The proposed technique was submitted to the recent document image binarization contest (DIBCO) held under the framework of ICDAR 2009 and has achieved the top performance among 43 algorithms that are submitted from 35 international research groups.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
01 Jan 2015
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Zhang et al. as mentioned in this paper proposed a novel neural network architecture, which integrates feature extraction, sequence modeling and transcription into a unified framework, and achieved remarkable performances in both lexicon free and lexicon-based scene text recognition tasks.
Abstract: Image-based sequence recognition has been a long-standing research topic in computer vision. In this paper, we investigate the problem of scene text recognition, which is among the most important and challenging tasks in image-based sequence recognition. A novel neural network architecture, which integrates feature extraction, sequence modeling and transcription into a unified framework, is proposed. Compared with previous systems for scene text recognition, the proposed architecture possesses four distinctive properties: (1) It is end-to-end trainable, in contrast to most of the existing algorithms whose components are separately trained and tuned. (2) It naturally handles sequences in arbitrary lengths, involving no character segmentation or horizontal scale normalization. (3) It is not confined to any predefined lexicon and achieves remarkable performances in both lexicon-free and lexicon-based scene text recognition tasks. (4) It generates an effective yet much smaller model, which is more practical for real-world application scenarios. The experiments on standard benchmarks, including the IIIT-5K, Street View Text and ICDAR datasets, demonstrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm over the prior arts. Moreover, the proposed algorithm performs well in the task of image-based music score recognition, which evidently verifies the generality of it.