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Sripati Chandrasekhar

Bio: Sripati Chandrasekhar is an academic researcher from Government of India. The author has contributed to research in topics: Population & Immigration. The author has an hindex of 8, co-authored 42 publications receiving 268 citations. Previous affiliations of Sripati Chandrasekhar include California State University & University of Madras.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Mar 1973
TL;DR: This study surveys the level, causes, and course of infant mortality in India during the last seventy years and examines the implications of high and low infant mortality on the country's major problems of population growth and the current population policy to reduce the birth rate through family planning.

45 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A country's foreign policy is generally governed by numerous historical, political, economic, geographic, cultural, religous, ethnic, and other considerations; but the main motivation is really enlightened self-interest as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: U A country's foreign policy is generally governed by numerous historical, political, economic, geographic, cultural, religous, ethnic, and other considerations; but the main motivation is really enlightened self-interest. Through the centuries, this has been true of every country in the world which has had anything like a foreign policy. However, this does not mean that a nation's foreign policy, because it is governed by self-interest, need necessarily be Machiavellian and bereft of any ennobling idealism. While the government of India conducts its foreign affairs on the principle of what is good for India as the policy makers understand it, there are certain progressive and theoretical principles upon which every foreign policy action is based. We may not always succeed in our aims, and sometimes we fall far short of them, especially when conflicting interests arise; nevertheless, the objectives are there, not as ornamental facade, but as serious guide-posts. An objective and nonpartisan evaluation of India's foreign policy during the last dozen years will reveal that her efforts have been directed in the main to the promotion of peace, even if peace is negatively defined as the sum total of averted and arrested wars. Whether it is in Indonesia or among the emerging states of IndoChina, in Israel or Korea, Egypt or Tibet or with Pakistan, or in the general East-West Cold War, our singular aim has been to lessen

11 citations

Book
01 Jan 1994
TL;DR: The reissue and updating of this book, originally designed to make a case for the liberalization of the law then in force in India, was undertaken to review how the Act was implemented and to explore how such an act can affect poor women of the Third World countries.
Abstract: The reissue and updating of this book, originally designed to make a case for the liberalization of the law then in force in India, was undertaken to review how the Act was implemented and to explore how such an act can affect poor women of the Third World countries. India's story is important when viewed against the quasi-violent attitudes and activities of populations considerably more literate, "educated", and sophisticated than that of India, on the subject of what are popularly called the "abortion wars" of the United States and Europe.

11 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors propose that phenomena currently placed under the general rubric of stigma involve a set of distinct psychological systems designed by natural selection to solve specific problems associated with sociality.
Abstract: A reconceptualization of stigma is presented that changes the emphasis from the devaluation of an individual's identity to the process by which individuals who satisfy certain criteria come to be excluded from various kinds of social interactions. The authors propose that phenomena currently placed under the general rubric of stigma involve a set of distinct psychological systems designed by natural selection to solve specific problems associated with sociality. In particular, the authors suggest that human beings possess cognitive adaptations designed to cause them to avoid poor social exchange partners, join cooperative groups (for purposes of between-group competition and exploitation), and avoid contact with those who are differentially likely to carry communicable pathogens. The evolutionary view contributes to the current conceptualization of stigma by providing an account of the ultimate function of stigmatization and helping to explain its consensual nature.

1,199 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For instance, this paper found that men have more frequent and more intense sexual desires than women, as reflected in spontaneous thoughts about sex, frequency and variety of sexual fantasies, desired frequency of intercourse, desired number of partners, masturbation, willingness to forego sex, initiating versus refusing sex, making sacrifices for sex, and other measures.
Abstract: The sex drive refers to the strength of sexual motivation. Across many different studies and measures, men have been shown to have more frequent and more intense sexual desires than women, as reflected in spontaneous thoughts about sex, frequency and variety of sexual fantasies, desired frequency of intercourse, desired number of partners, masturbation, liking for various sexual practices, willingness to forego sex, initiating versus refusing sex, making sacrifices for sex, and other measures. No contrary findings (indicating stronger sexual motivation among women) were found. Hence we conclude that the male sex drive is stronger than the female sex drive. The gender difference in sex drive should not be generalized to other constructs such as sexual or orgasmic capacity, enjoyment of sex, or extrinsically motivated sex.

758 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
07 Feb 1969-Science

513 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors proposed an alternative perspective and delineated the "Remittances System" as a heuristic to clarify intermediate relationships between determinants and effects of remittances, identifying gaps in currently available research and arguing for greater focus upon the social and political consequences of remittance flows.

342 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The conclusion was that much has been taken for granted about women are like and the differences between men and women; men have been virtually excluded in theoretical frameworks.
Abstract: In the 449-page treatise on the Decline if Fertility in Europe between 1870 and 1960 only 5 references in the index were related to womens status and none to mens status or sex. There were 7 references to abstinence. An analysis of subject content in the journal "Demography" revealed that of the 1232 published articles 624 were devoted to fertility and contraception marriage and the family and other women-pertinent topics. In rereading these articles to gain an image of how women were portrayed several questions were kept in mind: whether the article stipulated clearly in the introduction whether it was about women; to what extent were common sense notions about women interpreted in research findings; the nature of variables identified with women; and when men and women were analyzed simultaneously whether there were explanations for the selection of male or female variables. Variables that were excluded in the analysis were also considered such as whether information was provided on the whereabouts of husbands. When fact logic metaphor and stories were used in the articles the question was whether these rhetorical measures were gendered or not. What was the evidence for the influence of feminism on research topics theories or methods? The article described how women were presented and discussed the following topics: womens role in the population crisis as overproducers the domestic sphere gender and science and future prospects. The journal "demography" has advances over the past 30 years to include trends in fertility in many countries of the world and explanations for those trends; progress has been made due to the "development of formal demographic models precise quantitative description and rigorous testing of hypotheses." The conclusion was that much has been taken for granted about women are like and the differences between men and women; men have been virtually excluded in theoretical frameworks. Frameworks also assumed that gender behavior followed a particular social construction of gender based on the 19th century notion of separate spheres. Examples are given of articles that challenged conventional wisdom and showed how the social construction of gender shapes theory and data collection without regard to time and place. Caution is urged in constructing frameworks without first conducting ethnographic research.

157 citations