Author

# Suchismita Tarafdar

Bio: Suchismita Tarafdar is an academic researcher from Shiv Nadar University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Differentiable function & Nonlinear programming. The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 11 publication(s) receiving 63 citation(s).

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this paper, a nonsmooth approach to envelope theorems applicable to a broad class of parameterized constrained nonlinear optimization problems that arise typically in economic applications with nonconvexities and/or non-smooth objectives was developed.

Abstract: We develop a nonsmooth approach to envelope theorems applicable to a broad class of parameterized constrained nonlinear optimization problems that arise typically in economic applications with nonconvexities and/or nonsmooth objectives. Our methods emphasize the role of the Strict Mangasarian-Fromowitz Constraint Qualification (SMFCQ), and include envelope theorems for both the convex and nonconvex case, allow for noninterior solutions as well as equality and inequality constraints. We give new sufficient conditions for the value function to be directionally differentiable, as well as continuously differentiable. We apply our results to stochastic growth models with Markov shocks and constrained lattice programming problems.

13 citations

01 Jan 2010

TL;DR: Conditions under which the Classical Lagrangian serves as an exact penalization of a nonconvex programming of a constrained optimization problems in economics are given.

Abstract: Nonconvex optimization is becoming the fashion to solve constrained optimization problems in economics. Classical Lagrangian does not necessarily represent a nonconvex optimization problem. In this paper, we give conditions under which the Classical Lagrangian serves as an exact penalization of a nonconvex programming. This has a simple interpretation and is easy to solve. We use this Classical Lagrangian to provide su¢ cient conditions under which value function is Clarke dif"

10 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a nonsmooth approach to envelope theorems applicable to a broad class of parameterized constrained nonlinear optimization problems that arise typically in economic applications with nonconvexities and/or non-smooth objectives was developed.

Abstract: We develop a nonsmooth approach to envelope theorems applicable to a broad class of parameterized constrained nonlinear optimization problems that arise typically in economic applications with nonconvexities and/or nonsmooth objectives. Our methods emphasize the role of the Strict Mangasarian–Fromovitz Constraint Qualification (SMFCQ), and include envelope theorems for both the convex and nonconvex case, allow for noninterior solutions as well as equality and inequality constraints. We give new sufficient conditions for the value function to be directionally differentiable, as well as continuously differentiable. We apply our results to stochastic growth models with Markov shocks and constrained lattice programming problems.

9 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors reconcile the procyclicality of real interest rates with the above facts by embedding fiscal policy into a standard emerging market business cycle model, and show that fiscal policy makes real interest rate a-cyclical or pro cyclical, and use the model to replicate some of the key features of the Indian business cycle.

Abstract: Emerging market economy business cycles are typically characterized by high consumption and output volatility, strongly counter-cyclical current accounts, and counter-cyclical real interest rates. Evidence from the wider EME and less developed economy business cycle experience suggests however that real interest rates can also be pro-cyclical. We reconcile the pro-cyclicality of real interest rates with the above facts by embedding fiscal policy into a standard emerging market business cycle model. We show that fiscal policy makes real interest rates a-cyclical or pro-cyclical. We use the model to replicate some of the key features of the Indian business cycle.

9 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors build a small open economy RBC model with financial frictions to analyze expansionary fiscal consolidations in emerging market economies and calibrate the model to India, which they view as a proto-typical EME.

Abstract: We build a small open economy RBC model with financial frictions to analyze expansionary fiscal consolidations in emerging market economies (EMEs). We calibrate the model to India, which we view as a proto-typical EME. When factor income tax rates are low, a contractionary fiscal shock has an expansionary effect on output. The economy's debt/GDP ratio falls, and tax revenues rise. When factor income tax rates are high, a contractionary fiscal shock has an expansionary effect on output if government spending is valued sufficiently highly relative to private consumption by households in utility. We identify the mechanisms behind these results, and their implications for actual economies undertaking fiscal reforms.

7 citations

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01 Jan 1985

TL;DR: The first group of results in fixed point theory were derived from Banach's fixed point theorem as discussed by the authors, which is a nice result since it contains only one simple condition on the map F, since it is easy to prove and since it nevertheless allows a variety of applications.

Abstract: Formally we have arrived at the middle of the book. So you may need a pause for recovering, a pause which we want to fill up by some fixed point theorems supplementing those which you already met or which you will meet in later chapters. The first group of results centres around Banach’s fixed point theorem. The latter is certainly a nice result since it contains only one simple condition on the map F, since it is so easy to prove and since it nevertheless allows a variety of applications. Therefore it is not astonishing that many mathematicians have been attracted by the question to which extent the conditions on F and the space Ω can be changed so that one still gets the existence of a unique or of at least one fixed point. The number of results produced this way is still finite, but of a statistical magnitude, suggesting at a first glance that only a random sample can be covered by a chapter or even a book of the present size. Fortunately (or unfortunately?) most of the modifications have not found applications up to now, so that there is no reason to write a cookery book about conditions but to write at least a short outline of some ideas indicating that this field can be as interesting as other chapters. A systematic account of more recent ideas and examples in fixed point theory should however be written by one of the true experts. Strange as it is, such a book does not seem to exist though so many people are puzzling out so many results.

888 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, all Matlab and C++ programs necessary to produce the results of the article were described and a spreadsheet with Mexican data was also provided, along with a spreadsheet containing Mexican data.

Abstract: All Matlab and C++ programs necessary to produce the results of the article. There is also a Excel spreadsheet with Mexican data.

150 citations