Author

# Suhas V. Patankar

Other affiliations: Innovative Research Inc.

Bio: Suhas V. Patankar is an academic researcher from University of Minnesota. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Heat transfer & Turbulence. The author has an hindex of 42, co-authored 135 publication(s) receiving 7165 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Suhas V. Patankar include Innovative Research Inc..

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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701 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a control-volume approach for solving two-dimensional elliptic problems involving fluid flow and heat and mass transfer has been developed based on a power-law formulation for the combined convection-diffusion influence.

Abstract: A calculation method based on the control-volume approach has been developed for solving two-dimensional elliptic problems involving fluid flow and heat and mass transfer. The main features of the method include a power-law formulation for the combined convection-diffusion Influence, an equation-solving scheme that consists of a block-correction method coupled with a line-by-line procedure, and a new algorithm for handling the interlinkage between the momentum and continuity equations. Although the method is described for steady two-dimensional situations, its extension to unsteady flows and three-dimensional problems is very straightforward.

570 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a finite-volume (FV) method for computing radiation heat transfer processes is presented. But the main ingredients of the calculation procedure were presented by Chai et al. The resulting method has been tested, refined and extended to account for various geometrical and physical complexities.

Abstract: This chapter presents a finite-volume (FV) method for computing radiation heat transfer processes The main ingredients of the calculation procedure were presented by Chai et al [1] The resulting method has been tested, refined and extended to account for various geometrical and physical complexities

506 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a general numerical method for convection-diffusion problems is presented, which can be extended to three-dimensional convection diffusion problems and can handle problems in the whole range of Peclet numbers.

Abstract: A general numerical method for convection-diffusion problems is presented The method is formulated for two-dimensional problems, but its key Ideas can be extended to three-dimensional problems The calculation domain is first divided into three-node triangular elements, and then polygonal control volumes are constructed by joining the centroids of the elements to the midpoints of the corresponding sides In each element, the dependent variable is interpolated exponentially in the direction of the element-average velocity vector and linearly in the direction normal to it These interpolation functions respond to an element Peclet number and become linear when it approaches zero The discretization equations are obtained by deriving algebraic approximations to integral conservation equations applied to the polygonal control volumes The proposed method has the conservative property, can handle problems in the whole range of Peclet numbers, and avoids the false-diffusion difficulties that commonly afflict o

330 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a general numerical method for two-dimensional incompressible flow and heat transfer in irregular-shaped domains is presented, where the calculation domain is first divided into six-node macroelements, and each macroelement is divided into four three-node triangular subelements.

Abstract: The formulation of a general numerical method for two-dimensional incompressible flow and heat transfer in irregular-shaped domains is presented. The calculation domain is first divided into six-node macroelements. Then each macroelement is divided into four three-node triangular subelements. Polygonal control volumes are associated with the nodes of these elements. All dependent variables other than pressure are stored at the nodes of the subelements, and they are interpolated by functions that respond appropriately to an element Peclet number and the direction of an element-averaged velocity vector. The pressure is stored only at the vertices of the macroelements and is interpolated linearly in these elements. The discretization equations are obtained by deriving algebraic approximations to integral conservation equations applied to the polygonal control volumes. An iterative procedure akin to SIMPLER is used to solve the discretization equations.

297 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the history of thermal energy storage with solid-liquid phase change has been carried out and three aspects have been the focus of this review: materials, heat transfer and applications.

Abstract: Thermal energy storage in general, and phase change materials (PCMs) in particular, have been a main topic in research for the last 20 years, but although the information is quantitatively enormous, it is also spread widely in the literature, and difficult to find. In this work, a review has been carried out of the history of thermal energy storage with solid–liquid phase change. Three aspects have been the focus of this review: materials, heat transfer and applications. The paper contains listed over 150 materials used in research as PCMs, and about 45 commercially available PCMs. The paper lists over 230 references.

3,637 citations

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TL;DR: The performances of SIMPLE, SIMPLER, and SIMPLEC are compared for two recirculating flow problems and several modifications to the method are shown which both simplify its implementation and reduce solution costs.

Abstract: Variations of the SIMPLE method of Patankar and Spalding have been widely used over the past decade to obtain numerical solutions to problems involving incompressible flows. The present paper shows several modifications to the method which both simplify its implementation and reduce solution costs. The performances of SIMPLE, SIMPLER, and SIMPLEC (the present method) are compared for two recirculating flow problems. The paper is addressed to readers who already have experience with SIMPLE or its variants.

3,110 citations

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TL;DR: A large selection of solution methods for linear systems in saddle point form are presented, with an emphasis on iterative methods for large and sparse problems.

Abstract: Large linear systems of saddle point type arise in a wide variety of applications throughout computational science and engineering. Due to their indefiniteness and often poor spectral properties, such linear systems represent a significant challenge for solver developers. In recent years there has been a surge of interest in saddle point problems, and numerous solution techniques have been proposed for this type of system. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss a large selection of solution methods for linear systems in saddle point form, with an emphasis on iterative methods for large and sparse problems.

2,014 citations

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TL;DR: The aim of this paper is to present the reader with a perspective on how JFNK may be applicable to applications of interest and to provide sources of further practical information.

Abstract: Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) methods are synergistic combinations of Newton-type methods for superlinearly convergent solution of nonlinear equations and Krylov subspace methods for solving the Newton correction equations. The link between the two methods is the Jacobian-vector product, which may be probed approximately without forming and storing the elements of the true Jacobian, through a variety of means. Various approximations to the Jacobian matrix may still be required for preconditioning the resulting Krylov iteration. As with Krylov methods for linear problems, successful application of the JFNK method to any given problem is dependent on adequate preconditioning. JFNK has potential for application throughout problems governed by nonlinear partial differential equations and integro-differential equations. In this survey paper, we place JFNK in context with other nonlinear solution algorithms for both boundary value problems (BVPs) and initial value problems (IVPs). We provide an overview of the mechanics of JFNK and attempt to illustrate the wide variety of preconditioning options available. It is emphasized that JFNK can be wrapped (as an accelerator) around another nonlinear fixed point method (interpreted as a preconditioning process, potentially with significant code reuse). The aim of this paper is not to trace fully the evolution of JFNK, nor to provide proofs of accuracy or optimal convergence for all of the constituent methods, but rather to present the reader with a perspective on how JFNK may be applicable to applications of interest and to provide sources of further practical information.

1,613 citations

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01 Jan 1996

TL;DR: An automatic error-controlled adaptive mesh refinement algorithm is set up in order to automatically produce a solution of pre-determined accuracy, based on a new stabilised and bounded second-order differencing scheme proposed.

Abstract: The accuracy of numerical simulation algorithms is one of main concerns in modern Computational Fluid Dynamics. Development of new and more accurate mathematical models requires an insight into the problem of numerical errors. In order to construct an estimate of the solution error in Finite Volume calculations, it is first necessary to examine its sources. Discretisation errors can be divided into two groups: errors caused by the discretisation of the solution domain and equation discretisation errors. The first group includes insufficient mesh resolution, mesh skewness and non-orthogonality. In the case of the second order Finite Volume method, equation discretisation errors are represented through numerical diffusion. Numerical diffusion coefficients from the discretisation of the convection term and the temporal derivative are derived. In an attempt to reduce numerical diffusion from the convection term, a new stabilised and bounded second-order differencing scheme is proposed. Three new methods of error estimation are presented. The Direct Taylor Series Error estimate is based on the Taylor series truncation error analysis. It is set up to enable single-mesh single-run error estimation. The Moment Error estimate derives the solution error from the cell imbalance in higher moments of the solution. A suitable normalisation is used to estimate the error magnitude. The Residual Error estimate is based on the local inconsistency between face interpolation and volume integration. Extensions of the method to transient flows and the Local Residual Problem error estimate are also given. Finally, an automatic error-controlled adaptive mesh refinement algorithm is set up in order to automatically produce a solution of pre-determined accuracy. It uses mesh refinement and unrefinement to control the local error magnitude. The method is tested on several characteristic flow situations, ranging from incompressible to supersonic flows, for both steady-state and transient problems.

1,369 citations