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Author

Suresh Govindarajan

Bio: Suresh Govindarajan is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Superpotential & Siegel modular form. The author has an hindex of 21, co-authored 130 publication(s) receiving 1500 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Suresh Govindarajan include University of Pennsylvania & Indian Institutes of Technology.


Papers
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Abstract: We consider D-branes wrapped around supersymmetric cycles of Calabi–Yau manifolds from the viewpoint of N=2 Landau–Ginzburg models with boundary as well as by consideration of boundary states in the corresponding Gepner models. The Landau–Ginzburg approach enables us to provide a target space interpretation for the boundary states. The boundary states are obtained by applying Cardy's procedure to combinations of characters in the Gepner models which are invariant under spectral flow. We are able to relate the two descriptions using common discrete symmetries occurring in the two descriptions. We thus provide an extension to the boundary, the bulk correspondence between Landau–Ginzburg orbifolds and the corresponding Gepner models.

105 citations

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Abstract: We present a method based on mutations of helices which leads to the construction (in the large-volume limit) of exceptional coherent sheaves associated with the (∑ala=0) orbits in Gepner models. This is explicitly verified for a few examples including some cases where the ambient weighted projective space has singularities not inherited by the Calabi–Yau hypersurface. The method is based on two conjectures which lead to the analog, in the general case, of the Beilinson quiver for P n . We discuss how one recovers the McKay quiver using the gauged linear sigma model (GLSM) near the orbifold or Gepner point in Kahler moduli space.

88 citations

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Abstract: We study both A-type and B-type D-branes in the gauged linear sigma model by considering worldsheets with boundary. The boundary conditions on the matter and vector multiplet fields are first considered in the large-volume phase/non-linear sigma model limit of the corresponding Calabi–Yau manifold, where we find that we need to add a contact term on the boundary. These considerations enable to us to derive the boundary conditions in the full gauged linear sigma model, including the addition of the appropriate boundary contact terms, such that these boundary conditions have the correct non-linear sigma model limit. Most of the analysis is for the case of Calabi–Yau manifolds with one Kahler modulus (including those corresponding to hypersurfaces in weighted projective space), though we comment on possible generalisations.

75 citations

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Abstract: We consider Landau-Ginzburg (LG) models with boundary conditions pre- serving A-type N = 2 supersymmetry. We show the equivalence of a linear class of boundary conditions in the LG model to a particular class of boundary states in the cor- responding CFT by an explicit computation of the open-string Witten index in the LG model. We extend the linear class of boundary conditions to general non-linear bound- ary conditions and determine their consistency with A-type N = 2 supersymmetry. This enables us to provide a microscopic description of special Lagrangian submani- folds in C n due to Harvey and Lawson. We generalise this construction to the case of hypersurfaces in P n . We nd that the boundary conditions must necessarily have vanishing Poisson bracket with the combination (W () W ()), where W ( )i s the appropriate superpotential for the hypersurface. An interesting application considered is the T 3 supersymmetric cycle of the quintic in the large complex structure limit.

73 citations

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Abstract: We show that the generating function of electrically charged 1/2-BPS states in N=4 supersymmetric Z_N-CHL orbifolds of the heterotic string on T^6 are given by multiplicative eta-products. The eta-products are determined by the cycle shape of the corresponding symplectic involution in the dual type II picture. This enables us to complete the construction of the genus-two Siegel modular forms due to David, Jatkar and Sen [arXiv:hep-th/0609109] for Z_N orbifolds when N is non-prime. We study the Z_4 CHL orbifold in detail and show that the associated Siegel modular forms, \Phi_3(Z) and \widetilde{\Phi}_3(Z), are given by the square of the product of three even genus-two theta constants. Extending work by us[arXiv:0807.4451] as well as Cheng and Dabholkar[arXiv:0809.4258], we show that their `square roots' appear as the denominator formulae of two distinct Borcherds-Kac-Moody (BKM) Lie superalgebras. The BKM Lie superalgebra associated with the generating function of 1/4-BPS states, i.e., \widetilde{\Phi}_3(Z) has a parabolic root system with a light-like Weyl vector and the walls of its fundamental Weyl chamber are mapped to the walls of marginal stability of the 1/4-BPS states.

70 citations


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Abstract: This review article provides a pedagogical introduction into various classes of chiral string compactifications to four dimensions with D-branes and fluxes. The main concern is to provide all necessary technical tools to explicitly construct four-dimensional orientifold vacua, with the final aim to come as close as possible to the supersymmetric Standard Model. Furthermore, we outline the available methods to derive the resulting four-dimensional effective action. Finally, we summarize recent attempts to address the string vacuum problem via the statistical approach to D-brane models.

966 citations

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Abstract: We construct a cubic field theory which provides all genus amplitudes of the topological A-model for all non-compact toric Calabi-Yau threefolds. The topology of a given Feynman diagram encodes the topology of a fixed Calabi-Yau, with Schwinger parameters playing the role of Kahler classes of the threefold. We interpret this result as an operatorial computation of the amplitudes in the B-model mirror which is the quantum Kodaira-Spencer theory. The only degree of freedom of this theory is an unconventional chiral scalar on a Riemann surface. In this setup we identify the B-branes on the mirror Riemann surface as fermions related to the chiral boson by bosonization.

881 citations

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Abstract: We discuss systematic approaches to the classification of string/M theory vacua, and physical questions this might help us resolve. To this end, we initiate the study of ensembles of effective Lagrangians, which can be used to precisely study the predictive power of string theory, and in simple examples can lead to universality results. Using these ideas, we outline an approach to estimating the number of vacua of string/M theory which can realize the Standard Model.

741 citations

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Abstract: Let G be a split semisimple algebraic group over Q with trivial center. Let S be a compact oriented surface, with or without boundary. We define positive representations of the fundamental group of S to G(R), construct explicitly all positive representations, and prove that they are faithful, discrete, and positive hyperbolic; the moduli space of positive representations is a topologically trivial open domain in the space of all representations. When S have holes, we defined two moduli spaces closely related to the moduli spaces of G-local systems on S. We show that they carry a lot of interesting structures. In particular we define a distinguished collection of coordinate systems, equivariant under the action of the mapping class group of S. We prove that their transition functions are subtraction free. Thus we have positive structures on these moduli spaces. Therefore we can take their points with values in any positive semifield. Their positive real points provide the two higher Teichmuller spaces related to G and S, while the points with values in the tropical semifields provide the lamination spaces. We define the motivic avatar of the Weil–Petersson form for one of these spaces. It is related to the motivic dilogarithm.

737 citations