Syed Zulqadar Hassan
Other affiliations: COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Chongqing University, Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust ...read more
Bio: Syed Zulqadar Hassan is an academic researcher from National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences. The author has contributed to research in topics: Maximum power point tracking & Photovoltaic system. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 77 publications receiving 535 citations. Previous affiliations of Syed Zulqadar Hassan include COMSATS Institute of Information Technology & Chongqing University.
TL;DR: A high performance neuro-fuzzy indirect wavelet-based adaptive MPPT control that combines the reasoning capability of fuzzy logic, the learning capability of neural networks and the localization properties of wavelets is developed.
Abstract: An intelligent control of photovoltaics is necessary to ensure fast response and high efficiency under different weather conditions. This is often arduous to accomplish using traditional linear controllers, as photovoltaic systems are nonlinear and contain several uncertainties. Based on the analysis of the existing literature of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) techniques, a high performance neuro-fuzzy indirect wavelet-based adaptive MPPT control is developed in this work. The proposed controller combines the reasoning capability of fuzzy logic, the learning capability of neural networks and the localization properties of wavelets. In the proposed system, the Hermite Wavelet-embedded Neural Fuzzy (HWNF)-based gradient estimator is adopted to estimate the gradient term and makes the controller indirect. The performance of the proposed controller is compared with different conventional and intelligent MPPT control techniques. MATLAB results show the superiority over other existing techniques in terms of fast response, power quality and efficiency.
23 May 2016
TL;DR: In this paper, an energy management and control of grid-connected hybrid renewable energy system (HRES) is described. But, the proposed HRES is working under classical-based supervisory control algorithm, and the performance of the proposed system is verified under real-world record of wind speed and load variations for the twenty five households at Islamabad, Pakistan.
Abstract: This manuscript explains an energy management and control of grid-connected Hybrid Renewable Energy System (HRES). It describes a Wind Turbine (WT) and hybrid energy storage system based on hydrogen technology (fuel cell), and battery. DC/DC converters are used to connect all the energy sources and storage system to a common DC bus. The output of DC bus is integrated to the national grid through three phase inverter to increase the continuity of power. The proposed HRES is working under classical-based supervisory control algorithm. According to the proposed algorithm, the wind is used the primary energy source to satisfy the load demands. The fuel cell is used to ensure long-term energy balance by using the hydrogen technology. The battery is utilized as a backup and high energy density device to keep the DC-bus voltage constant. The performance of the HRES is verified under real-world record of wind speed and load variations for the twenty five households at Islamabad, Pakistan. Matlab/Simulink results are provided to show the right performance of the proposed system in terms of load tracking, voltage regulation, and grid stability
10 Jun 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a hybrid power system combining renewable energy sources, namely, a photovoltaic (PV) array and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and a hybrid energy storage system, i.e., a battery bank and hydrogen storage tanks.
Abstract: Integration of different energy sources and power converters is required to meet the load demands adequately under various natural conditions. This research work focuses on the hybrid power system combining renewable energy sources, namely, a photovoltaic (PV) array and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and a hybrid energy storage system, i.e., a battery bank and hydrogen storage tanks in the proposed architecture. The complete layout is connected to the national grid via power electronics converters to enhance the continuity and reliability of power. In the proposed system, the PV is taken as the primary energy source to satisfy the load demands. The fuel cell and electrolyzer are added to ensure long-term energy balance by using the hydrogen technology. The battery is utilized as a high energy density device to keep the DC-bus voltage constant. The dynamic behaviour of the proposed system is checked under different solar radiation, temperature and load conditions for the simulation of 24 Hrs. The proposed system exhibits excellent performance in terms of grid stability and voltage regulation. All the energy sources and their controllers are designed in Matlab/Simulink.
TL;DR: In this paper, an energy management and control system of an electric vehicle charging station is presented for charging and discharging of five different plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) simultaneously.
Abstract: The charging infrastructure plays a key role in the healthy and rapid development of the electric vehicle industry. This paper presents an energy management and control system of an electric vehicle charging station. The charging station (CS) is integrated to a grid-connected hybrid power system having a wind turbine maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controlled subsystem, photovoltaic (PV) MPPT controlled subsystem and a controlled solid oxide fuel cell with electrolyzer subsystem which are characterized as renewable energy sources. In this article, an energy management system is designed for charging and discharging of five different plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) simultaneously to fulfil the grid-to-vehicle (G2V), vehicle-to-grid (V2G), grid-to-battery storage system (G2BSS), battery storage system-to-grid (BSS2G), battery storage system-to-vehicle (BSS2V), vehicle-to-battery storage system (V2BSS) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) charging and discharging requirements of the charging station. A simulation test-bed in Matlab/Simulink is developed to evaluate and control adaptively the AC-DC-AC converter of non-renewable energy source, DC-DC converters of the storage system, DC-AC grid side inverter and the converters of the CS using adaptive proportional-integral-derivate (AdapPID) control paradigm. The effectiveness of the AdapPID control strategy is validated through simulation results by comparing with conventional PID control scheme.
•31 Dec 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, an idea of augmented reality based teaching pendant on smart phone has been presented, which can help user to program industrial robot more intuitively using the typical teaching process through the use of robot teach pendant.
Abstract: Robots have been used in various fields such as homes, manufacturing, and business. Remote robot control has been actively studied. Most of industrial robots are still programmed using the typical teaching process, through the use of the robot teach pendant. New and more intuitive ways for robot programming and control are required, smart phone are being used for controlling and programming industrial robot. In this research work, we present an idea of augmented reality based teaching pendant on smart phone. Incorporation of augmented reality into Smartphone based teaching pendant will help user to program industrial robot more intuitively.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
01 Nov 2000
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors compared the power density characteristics of ultracapacitors and batteries with respect to the same charge/discharge efficiency, and showed that the battery can achieve energy densities of 10 Wh/kg or higher with a power density of 1.2 kW/kg.
Abstract: The science and technology of ultracapacitors are reviewed for a number of electrode materials, including carbon, mixed metal oxides, and conducting polymers. More work has been done using microporous carbons than with the other materials and most of the commercially available devices use carbon electrodes and an organic electrolytes. The energy density of these devices is 3¯5 Wh/kg with a power density of 300¯500 W/kg for high efficiency (90¯95%) charge/discharges. Projections of future developments using carbon indicate that energy densities of 10 Wh/kg or higher are likely with power densities of 1¯2 kW/kg. A key problem in the fabrication of these advanced devices is the bonding of the thin electrodes to a current collector such the contact resistance is less than 0.1 cm2. Special attention is given in the paper to comparing the power density characteristics of ultracapacitors and batteries. The comparisons should be made at the same charge/discharge efficiency.
TL;DR: An extensive review on human–robot collaboration in industrial environment is provided, with specific focus on issues related to physical and cognitive interaction, and the commercially available solutions are presented.
Abstract: Easy-to-use collaborative robotics solutions, where human workers and robots share their skills, are entering the market, thus becoming the new frontier in industrial robotics. They allow to combine the advantages of robots, which enjoy high levels of accuracy, speed and repeatability, with the flexibility and cognitive skills of human workers. However, to achieve an efficient human–robot collaboration, several challenges need to be tackled. First, a safe interaction must be guaranteed to prevent harming humans having a direct contact with the moving robot. Additionally, to take full advantage of human skills, it is important that intuitive user interfaces are properly designed, so that human operators can easily program and interact with the robot. In this survey paper, an extensive review on human–robot collaboration in industrial environment is provided, with specific focus on issues related to physical and cognitive interaction. The commercially available solutions are also presented and the main industrial applications where collaborative robotic is advantageous are discussed, highlighting how collaborative solutions are intended to improve the efficiency of the system and which the open issue are.
01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: An appropriate control scheme is now developed for controlling the interlinking converter to keep the hybrid microgrid in autonomous operation with active power proportionally shared among its distributed sources.
Abstract: The coexistence of ac and dc subgrids in a hybrid microgrid is likely given that modern distributed sources can either be ac or dc. Linking these subgrids is a power converter, whose topology should preferably be not too unconventional. This is to avoid unnecessary compromises to reliability, simplicity, and industry relevance of the converter. The desired operating features of the hybrid microgrid can then be added through this interlinking converter. To demonstrate, an appropriate control scheme is now developed for controlling the interlinking converter. The objective is to keep the hybrid microgrid in autonomous operation with active power proportionally shared among its distributed sources. Power sharing here should depend only on the source ratings and not their placements within the hybrid microgrid. The proposed scheme can also be extended to include energy storage within the interlinking converter, as already proven in simulation and experiment. These findings have not been previously discussed in the literature, where existing schemes are mostly for an ac or a dc microgrid, but not both in coexistence.
TL;DR: In this article, a critical review and analysis of different energy management strategies for hybrid renewable systems based on hydrogen backup is presented, and a review is also presented of the most important technical and economic optimization criteria, as well as problems and solutions studied in the scientific literature.
Abstract: Hybrid systems are presented as a viable, safe and effective solution to minimize the associated problems of the dependence on renewable energies with the environmental resources. In this way different renewable systems such as photovoltaic, wind, hydrogen and so on, can work together to configure hybrid renewable systems. However, to make them work properly in a holistic way by creating synergies among them is not an easy task. Recently hydrogen technology has appeared as a promising technology to hybridize renewable energy systems, since it allows the generation (by electrolyzers) and storage of hydrogen when there is a surplus of energy in the system, and at a later time (e.g. when there are insufficient renewable resources available) using the stored hydrogen to generate electrical energy by fuel cells. The choice of a correct energy management strategy should guarantee an optimum performance of the whole hybrid renewable system; therefore, it is necessary to know the most important criteria in order to define a management strategy that ensures the best solution from a technical and economic point of view. This paper presents a critical review and analysis of different energy management strategies for hybrid renewable systems based on hydrogen backup. In the same way, a review is also presented of the most important technical and economic optimization criteria, as well as problems and solutions studied in the scientific literature.