Other affiliations: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Andrés Bello National University, University of Florida ...read more
Bio: Sylvio Canuto is an academic researcher from University of São Paulo. The author has contributed to research in topics: Dipole & Solvation. The author has an hindex of 35, co-authored 271 publications receiving 5091 citations. Previous affiliations of Sylvio Canuto include Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais & Andrés Bello National University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, supermolecular calculations that treat both the solute and the solvent quantum-mechanically are performed to analyze the solvatochromism of the first emission transition of formaldehyde in water.
Abstract: Supermolecular calculations that treat both the solute and the solvent quantum-mechanically are performed to analyze the solvatochromism of the first emission transition of formaldehyde in water. The liquid structures are generated by NVT Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation assuming a fully relaxed excited state. The autocorrelation function is calculated to obtain an efficient ensemble average. A detailed analysis of the hydrogen bonds and their contribution to the solvation shift is presented. On average, 0.7 hydrogen bonds are formed in the excited state, about three times less than in the ground state. Quantum-mechanical calculations using the intermediate neglect of differential overlap with singly excited configuration interaction (INDO/CIS) are then performed in the supermolecular clusters corresponding to the hydrogen bond shell and the first, second, and third solvation shells. The third solvation shell extends up to 10 A from the center of mass of formaldehyde, showing the very long-range effects on the solvation shift of this polar molecule. The largest cluster includes one formaldehyde and 142 water molecules. INDO/CIS calculations are performed on this cluster with a properly antisymmetric reference ground state wave function involving all valence electrons. The estimated limit value for the solvatochromic shift of the n-π* emission transition of fully relaxed formaldehyde in water, compared to the gas phase, is ≈1650 cm−1. The total Stokes shift of formaldehyde in water is calculated as ≈550 cm−1.
TL;DR: Using statistically uncorrelated solute-solvent configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulation, an average configuration alone is used such that one single quantum mechanical calculation reproduces the converged statistical average obtained from the entire simulation as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Using statistically uncorrelated solute–solvent configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulation a simpler and efficient implementation of the averaged solvent electrostatic potential is made. An average configuration alone is used such that one single quantum mechanical calculation reproduces the converged statistical average obtained from the entire simulation. Applications are presented for solvent effects in a variety of properties of acetone and aminopurine in water. In all cases, excellent agreement is obtained using the average configuration and the average from the full statistical distribution.
TL;DR: In this paper, an approach based on the sequential use of Monte Carlo simulation and Quantum Mechanics is suggested for the treatment of solvent effects with special attention to solvatochromic shifts.
Abstract: An approach based on the sequential use of Monte Carlo simulation and Quantum Mechanics is suggested for the treatment of solvent effects with special attention to solvatochromic shifts. The basic idea is to treat the solute, the solvent and its interaction by quantum mechanics. This is a totally discrete model that avoids the use of a dielectric continuum. Statistical analysis is used to obtain uncorrelated structures. The radial distribution function is used to determine the solvation shells. Quantum mechanical calculations are then performed in supermolecular structures and the spectral shifts are obtained using ensemble average. Attention is also given to the case of specific hydrogen bond between the solute and solvent.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the spectroscopic red shifts that occur when benzene is dissolved in (liquid) benzene, in cyclohexane, in carbon tetrachloride, and in water.
Abstract: We examine the spectroscopic red shifts that occur when benzene is dissolved in (liquid) benzene, in cyclohexane, in carbon tetrachloride, and in water. For this we develop a mixed classical/quantum model in which uncorrelated structures are obtained from Monte Carlo simulation, and these structures are then used for quantum chemical calculations including the chromophore and all solvent molecules within the first radial distribution maxima. We discuss the effects of different sampling techniques and the inclusion of more, or less, solvent molecules in the quantum chemical supermolecule calculation. We obtain shifts of −306 cm−1, −268 cm−1, −456 cm−1, and −122 cm−1, in excellent agreement with the experimentally observed shifts of −332 cm−1, −308 cm−1, −458 cm−1, and −143 cm−1, respectively. We note that the larger shift observed in carbon tetrachloride that is not expected on the basis of larger dielectric constant results from small contributions of the charge transfer type from solvent to solute.
TL;DR: In this paper, the hydrogen binding energies for different isomers of 1:1 complexes of methanol, ethanol and water were calculated using ab initio methods from MP2 to CCSD(T).
Abstract: Hydrogen binding energies are calculated for the different isomers of 1:1 complexes of methanol, ethanol and water using ab initio methods from MP2 to CCSD(T). Zero-point energy vibration and counterpoise corrections are considered and electron correlation effects are analyzed. In methanol–water and ethanol–water the most stable heterodimer is the one where the water plays the role of proton donor. In methanol–ethanol the two isomers have essentially the same energy and no favorite heterodimer could be discerned. The interplay between the relative binding energy is briefly discussed in conjunction with the incomplete mixing of alcohol–water systems.
01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-modelling procedure called "Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072", which automates the very labor-intensive and therefore time-heavy and expensive process of integrating discrete and continuous components into a discrete-time model.
Abstract: 6.2.2. Definition of Effective Properties 3064 6.3. Response Properties to Magnetic Fields 3066 6.3.1. Nuclear Shielding 3066 6.3.2. Indirect Spin−Spin Coupling 3067 6.3.3. EPR Parameters 3068 6.4. Properties of Chiral Systems 3069 6.4.1. Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) 3069 6.4.2. Optical Rotation (OR) 3069 6.4.3. VCD and VROA 3070 7. Continuum and Discrete Models 3071 7.1. Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072
•14 Jul 1996
TL;DR: The striking signature of Bose condensation was the sudden appearance of a bimodal velocity distribution below the critical temperature of ~2µK.
Abstract: Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) has been observed in a dilute gas of sodium atoms. A Bose-Einstein condensate consists of a macroscopic population of the ground state of the system, and is a coherent state of matter. In an ideal gas, this phase transition is purely quantum-statistical. The study of BEC in weakly interacting systems which can be controlled and observed with precision holds the promise of revealing new macroscopic quantum phenomena that can be understood from first principles.
01 Jan 2016
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TL;DR: The polarizable continuum model (PCM) as discussed by the authors was used for the calculation of molecular energies, structures, and properties in liquid solution, in order to extend its range of applications and to improve its accuracy.
Abstract: The polarizable continuum model (PCM), used for the calculation of molecular energies, structures, and properties in liquid solution has been deeply revised, in order to extend its range of applications and to improve its accuracy. The main changes effect the definition of solute cavities, of solvation charges and of the PCM operator added to the molecular Hamiltonian, as well as the calculation of energy gradients, to be used in geometry optimizations. The procedure can be equally applied to quantum mechanical and to classical calculations; as shown also with a number of numerical tests, this PCM formulation is very efficient and reliable. It can also be applied to very large solutes, since all the bottlenecks have been eliminated to obtain a procedure whose time and memory requirements scale linearly with solute size. The present procedure can be used to compute solvent effects at a number of different levels of theory on almost all the chemical systems which can be studied in vacuo.