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Tadao Nagatsuma

Bio: Tadao Nagatsuma is an academic researcher from Osaka University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Terahertz radiation & Photonics. The author has an hindex of 47, co-authored 430 publications receiving 11117 citations. Previous affiliations of Tadao Nagatsuma include Nippon Telegraph and Telephone & NTT DoCoMo.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the state-of-the-art technologies on photonics-based terahertz communications are compared with competing technologies based on electronics and free-space optical communications.
Abstract: This Review covers the state-of-the-art technologies on photonics-based terahertz communications, which are compared with competing technologies based on electronics and free-space optical communications. Future prospects and challenges are also discussed. Almost 15 years have passed since the initial demonstrations of terahertz (THz) wireless communications were made using both pulsed and continuous waves. THz technologies are attracting great interest and are expected to meet the ever-increasing demand for high-capacity wireless communications. Here, we review the latest trends in THz communications research, focusing on how photonics technologies have played a key role in the development of first-age THz communication systems. We also provide a comparison with other competitive technologies, such as THz transceivers enabled by electronic devices as well as free-space lightwave communications.

1,238 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The current progress of terahertz-wave technologies related to communications applications are examined and some issues that need to be considered for the future of THz communications are discussed.
Abstract: Recent changes in how people consume multimedia services are causing an explosive increase in mobile traffic. With more and more people using wireless networks, the demand for the ultra-fast wireless communications systems is increasing. To date, this demand has been accommodated with advanced modulation schemes and signal-processing technologies at microwave frequencies. However, without increasing the carrier frequencies for more spectral resources, it may be quite difficult to keep up with the needs of users. Although there are several alternative bands, recent advances in terahertz-wave (THz-wave) technologies have attracted attention due to the huge bandwidth of THz waves and its potential for use in wireless communications. The frequency band of 275 ~ 3000 GHz , which has not been allocated for specific uses yet, is especially of interest for future wireless systems with data rates of 10 Gb/s or higher. Although THz communications is still in a very early stage of development, there have been lots of reports that show its potential. In this review, we will examine the current progress of THz-wave technologies related to communications applications and discuss some issues that need to be considered for the future of THz communications.

1,072 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of emerging technologies and system research that might lead to ubiquitous THz communication systems in the future is given.
Abstract: The increasing demand of unoccupied and unregulated bandwidth for wireless communication systems will inevitably lead to the extension of operation frequencies toward the lower THz frequency range. Higher carrier frequencies will allow for fast transmission of huge amounts of data as needed for new emerging applications. Despite the tremendous hurdles that have to be overcome with regard to sources and detectors, circuit and antenna technology and system architecture to realize ultrafast data transmission in a scenario with extensive transmission loss, a new area of research is beginning to form. In this article we give an overview of emerging technologies and system research that might lead to ubiquitous THz communication systems in the future.

878 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 2018
TL;DR: This Review Article examines the development of terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic–photonic systems, considering, in particular, advances that deliver important functionalities for applications in communication, sensing and imaging.
Abstract: The field of terahertz integrated technology has undergone significant development in the past ten years. This has included work on different substrate technologies such as III–V semiconductors and silicon, work on field-effect transistor devices and heterojunction bipolar devices, and work on both fully electronic and hybrid electronic–photonic systems. While approaches in electronic and photonics can often seem distinct, techniques have blended in the terahertz frequency range and many emerging systems can be classified as photonics-inspired or hybrid. Here, we review the development of terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic–photonic systems, examining, in particular, advances that deliver important functionalities for applications in communication, sensing and imaging. Many of the advances in integrated systems have emerged, not from improvements in single devices, but rather from new architectures that are multifunctional and reconfigurable and break the trade-offs of classical approaches to electronic system design. We thus focus on these approaches to capture the diversity of techniques and methodologies in the field. This Review Article examines the development of terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic–photonic systems, considering, in particular, advances that deliver important functionalities for applications in communication, sensing and imaging.

435 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Recent progress in terahertz wireless communications using telecom-based photonics technologies towards 100 Gbit/s is reviewed.
Abstract: There has been an increasing interest in the application of terahertz (THz) waves to broadband wireless communications. In particular, use of frequencies above 275 GHz is one of the strong concerns among radio scientists and engineers, because these frequency bands have not yet been allocated at specific active services, and there is a possibility to employ extremely large bandwidths for ultra-broadband wireless communications. Introduction of photonics technologies for signal generation, modulation and detection is effective not only to enhance the bandwidth and/or the data rate, but also to combine fiber-optic (wired) and wireless networks. This paper reviews recent progress in THz wireless communications using telecom-based photonics technologies towards 100 Gbit/s.

371 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
11 Oct 2012-Nature
TL;DR: This work reviews recent progress in graphene research and in the development of production methods, and critically analyse the feasibility of various graphene applications.
Abstract: Recent years have witnessed many breakthroughs in research on graphene (the first two-dimensional atomic crystal) as well as a significant advance in the mass production of this material. This one-atom-thick fabric of carbon uniquely combines extreme mechanical strength, exceptionally high electronic and thermal conductivities, impermeability to gases, as well as many other supreme properties, all of which make it highly attractive for numerous applications. Here we review recent progress in graphene research and in the development of production methods, and critically analyse the feasibility of various graphene applications.

7,987 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of the status of the terahertz technology, its uses and its future prospects are presented in this article, with a focus on the use of the waveband in a wide range of applications.
Abstract: Research into terahertz technology is now receiving increasing attention around the world, and devices exploiting this waveband are set to become increasingly important in a very diverse range of applications. Here, an overview of the status of the technology, its uses and its future prospects are presented.

5,512 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview and evaluation of state-of-the-art photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials, and hybrid systems based on the combination of differentTwo-dimensional crystals or of two- dimensional crystals and other (nano)materials, such as plasmonic nanoparticles, semiconductors, quantum dots, or their integration with (silicon) waveguides are provided.
Abstract: Graphene and other two-dimensional materials, such as transition metal dichalcogenides, have rapidly established themselves as intriguing building blocks for optoelectronic applications, with a strong focus on various photodetection platforms The versatility of these material systems enables their application in areas including ultrafast and ultrasensitive detection of light in the ultraviolet, visible, infrared and terahertz frequency ranges These detectors can be integrated with other photonic components based on the same material, as well as with silicon photonic and electronic technologies Here, we provide an overview and evaluation of state-of-the-art photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials, and hybrid systems based on the combination of different two-dimensional crystals or of two-dimensional crystals and other (nano)materials, such as plasmonic nanoparticles, semiconductors, quantum dots, or their integration with (silicon) waveguides

3,025 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Fengnian Xia1, Thomas Mueller1, Yu-Ming Lin1, Alberto Valdes-Garcia1, Phaedon Avouris1 
TL;DR: This work demonstrates ultrafast transistor-based photodetectors made from single- and few-layer graphene that do not degrade for optical intensity modulations up to 40 GHz and suggests that the intrinsic bandwidth may exceed 500 GHz.
Abstract: Graphene research so far has focused on electronic rather than photonic applications, in spite of its impressive optical properties. These include its ability to absorb approximately 2% of incident light over a broad wavelength range despite being just one atom thick. Here, we demonstrate ultrafast transistor-based photodetectors made from single- and few-layer graphene. The photoresponse does not degrade for optical intensity modulations up to 40 GHz, and further analysis suggests that the intrinsic bandwidth may exceed 500 GHz. The generation and transport of photocarriers in graphene differ fundamentally from those in photodetectors made from conventional semiconductors as a result of the unique photonic and electronic properties of the graphene. This leads to a remarkably high bandwidth, zero source-drain bias and dark current operation, and good internal quantum efficiency.

2,840 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Microwave photonics has attracted great interest from both the research community and the commercial sector over the past 30 years and is set to have a bright future as mentioned in this paper, which makes it possible to have functions in microwave systems that are complex or even not directly possible in the radiofrequency domain and also creates new opportunities for telecommunication networks.
Abstract: Microwave photonics, which brings together the worlds of radiofrequency engineering and optoelectronics, has attracted great interest from both the research community and the commercial sector over the past 30 years and is set to have a bright future. The technology makes it possible to have functions in microwave systems that are complex or even not directly possible in the radiofrequency domain and also creates new opportunities for telecommunication networks. Here we introduce the technology to the photonics community and summarize recent research and important applications.

2,354 citations