Bio: Tadashi Okada is an academic researcher from Osaka University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Excited state & Electron transfer. The author has an hindex of 43, co-authored 179 publications receiving 6055 citations. Previous affiliations of Tadashi Okada include Technical University of Berlin & Hokkaido University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, photoinduced charge separation and subsequent charge recombination were observed in a series of zincporphyrin-C60 dyads by picosecond fluorescence lifetime measurements and time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy.
Abstract: Four different kinds of C60-linked zincporphyrins have been prepared by changing systematically the linking position at meso-phenyl ring from ortho to para and their photophysical properties have been investigated. Regardless of the linkage between the two chromophores, photoinduced charge separation (CS) and subsequent charge recombination (CR) were observed in a series of zincporphyrin-C60 dyads by picosecond fluorescence lifetime measurements and time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy. In THF the CS occurs from both the excited singlet state of the porphyrin and the C60 moieties, implying that the increase of the absorption cross section by both the chromophores results in the efficient formation of the ion pair (IP) state. On the other hand, in benzene the IP state generated by the photoinduced CS from the excited singlet state of the porphyrin to the C60 produces or energetically equilibrates with the locally excited singlet state of the C60. Both the CS and CR rates for the meta isomer are ...
TL;DR: The results on the relaxation dynamics of the higher excited states in [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) are valuable in explaining the role of nonequilibrated higher excited sensitizer states of transition metal complexes in the electron injection and other ultrafast processes.
Abstract: The excited-state dynamics of a transition metal complex, tris(2,2‘-bipyridine)ruthenium(II), [Ru(bpy)3]2+, has been investigated using femtosecond fluorescence upconversion spectroscopy. The relaxation dynamics in these molecules is of great importance in understanding the various ultrafast processes related to interfacial electron transfer, especially in semiconductor nanoparticles. Despite several experimental and theoretical efforts, direct observation of a Franck−Condon singlet excited state in this molecule was missing. In this study, emission from the Franck−Condon excited singlet state of [Ru(bpy)3]2+ has been observed for the first time, and its lifetime has been estimated to be 40 ± 15 fs. Biexponential decays with a fast rise component observed at longer wavelengths indicated the existence of more than one emitting state in the system. From a detailed data analysis, it has been proposed that, on excitation at 410 nm, crossover from higher excited 1(MLCT) states to the vibrationally hot triplet ...
Abstract: A mechanistic investigation on the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with hexagonal CdS nanocrystallites prepared in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) was carried out from the standpoint of surface structures of the nanocrystallites. A remarkable increase of photocatalytic activity could be achieved by addition of excess Cd2+ to the system. Analysis of the emission behavior depending on the amount of excess Cd2+ in the system suggests that the Cd2+ addition results in the formation of sulfur vacancies on the surface of nanocrystallites due to the adsorption of excess Cd2+ to the surface. The formation of the sulfur vacancies on the surface was supported by in situ Cd K-edge EXAFS analysis of the nanocrystallites in solution as changes in the coordination numbers of cadmium−sulfur and cadmium−oxygen. Theoretical MO calculations using a density functional (DF) method supported the preferential bidentate-type absorption of CO2 with the Cd atom in the vicinity of the sulfur vacancy.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors made systematic studies on the charge recombination processes of geminate ion pairs by directly observing their dynamics with ultrafast laser spectroscopy, and they obtained not only the results for the inverted region, but also the results of the top region as well as normal region, confirming the bell-shaped energy gap dependence of the recombination.
Abstract: In view of the theoretical prediction that the observation of the inverted region in the photoinduced charge separation will be difficult, as it is actually the case in the fluorescence quenching reaction, but the charge recombination of the produced geminate ion pair will show a clear-cut bell-shaped energy gap dependence, we have made systematic studies on the charge recombination processes of geminate ion pairs by directly observing their dynamics with ultrafast laser spectroscopy. We have obtained not only the results for the inverted region, but also the results for the top region as well as normal region, confirming the bell-shaped energy gap dependence of the charge recombination. On the basis of this result, some discussions on the nature of the inter- and intra-molecular ion pairs with respect to the charge recombination processes have been given in the case of some typical exciplexes and porphyrin-quinone systems.
TL;DR: In this paper, the electron transfer reactions between ions and molecules in solution have been the subject of considerable experimental study during the past three decades, including charge transfer, photoelectric emission spectra, chemiluminescent electron transfer, and electron transfer through frozen media.
Abstract: Electron-transfer reactions between ions and molecules in solution have been the subject of considerable experimental study during the past three decades. Experimental results have also been obtained on related phenomena, such as reactions between ions or molecules and electrodes, charge-transfer spectra, photoelectric emission spectra of ionic solutions, chemiluminescent electron transfers, electron transfer through frozen media, and electron transfer through thin hydrocarbon-like films on electrodes.
TL;DR: In this article, the rate constants of 60 typical electron donor-acceptor systems have been measured in de-oxygenated acetonitrile and are shown to be correlated with the free enthalpy change, ΔG23, involved in the actual electron transfer process.
Abstract: Fluorescence quenching rate constants, kq, ranging from 106 to 2 × 1010 M−1 sec−1, of more than 60 typical electron donor-acceptor systems have been measured in de-oxygenated acetonitrile and are shown to be correlated with the free enthalpy change, ΔG23, involved in the actual electron transfer process in the encounter complex and varying between + 5 and −60 kcal/mole. The correlation which is based on the mechanism of adiabatic outer-sphere electron transfer requires ΔG≠23, the activation free enthalpy of this process to be a monotonous function of ΔG23 and allows the calculation of rate constants of electron transfer quenching from spectroscopic and electrochemical data. A detailed study of some systems where the calculated quenching constants differ from the experimental ones by several orders of magnitude revealed that the quenching mechanism operative in these cases was hydrogen-atom rather than electron transfer. The conditions under which these different mechanisms apply and their consequences are discussed.
TL;DR: The Rehybridization of the Acceptor (RICT) and Planarization ofThe Molecule (PICT) III is presented, with a comparison of the effects on yield and radiationless deactivation processes.
Abstract: 6. Rehybridization of the Acceptor (RICT) 3908 7. Planarization of the Molecule (PICT) 3909 III. Fluorescence Spectroscopy 3909 A. Solvent Effects and the Model Compounds 3909 1. Solvent Effects on the Spectra 3909 2. Steric Effects and Model Compounds 3911 3. Bandwidths 3913 4. Isoemissive Points 3914 B. Dipole Moments 3915 C. Radiative Rates and Transition Moments 3916 1. Quantum Yields and Radiationless Deactivation Processes 3916
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a review of the current approaches for the heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of CO2 on TiO2 and other metal oxide, oxynitride, sulfide, and phosphide semiconductors.
Abstract: Rising atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide and the depletion of fossil fuel reserves raise serious concerns about the ensuing effects on the global climate and future energy supply. Utilizing the abundant solar energy to convert CO2 into fuels such as methane or methanol could address both problems simultaneously as well as provide a convenient means of energy storage. In this Review, current approaches for the heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of CO2 on TiO2 and other metal oxide, oxynitride, sulfide, and phosphide semiconductors are presented. Research in this field is focused primarily on the development of novel nanostructured photocatalytic materials and on the investigation of the mechanism of the process, from light absorption through charge separation and transport to CO2 reduction pathways. The measures used to quantify the efficiency of the process are also discussed in detail.