Tarun Kumar Rawat
Bio: Tarun Kumar Rawat is an academic researcher from Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Filter design & Infinite impulse response. The author has an hindex of 17, co-authored 96 publications receiving 885 citations. Previous affiliations of Tarun Kumar Rawat include University of Delhi & Bennett University.
TL;DR: Simulation results affirm that the proposed fractional order differentiator design approach using CSA outperforms the genetic algorithm in terms design accuracy, fast convergence rate and optimal solution, and the proposed method is superior to the interpolation based methods.
Abstract: A novel weighted least square (WLS) fitness function is adopted.The proposed method outperforms the GA in terms magnitude and phase error.The proposed method is superior to the interpolation based methods.Fast convergence rate is achieved. In this paper, a new meta-heuristic optimization algorithm, called cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) is applied to determine the optimal coefficients of the finite impulse response-fractional order differentiator (FIR-FOD) problem. CSA is based on lifestyle and unique parasitic behavior in egg laying and breeding of some cuckoo species along with Levy flight behavior of some birds and fruit flies. The CSA is capable of solving linear and nonlinear optimization problems. The proposed CSA method prevents the local minima problem encountered in conventional FIR-FOD design method. A novel weighted least square (WLS) fitness function is adopted to improve the response of the FOD to a great extent. The proposed CSA based method has alleviated from inherent drawbacks of premature convergence and stagnation unlike genetic algorithm (GA). To verify the effectiveness of the proposed FIR-FOD based on the cuckoo search algorithm, different set of initial population is tested by simulation. Simulation results affirm that the proposed fractional order differentiator design approach using CSA outperforms the genetic algorithm in terms design accuracy (magnitude and phase error), fast convergence rate and optimal solution. The simulation results confirmed that the proposed FOD using CSA outperforms the FOD designed using evolutionary algorithm like GA and conventional FOD design methods such as radial basis function (RBF) interpolation method and DCT interpolation method.
TL;DR: A novel global meta-heuristic optimization algorithm, cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) is applied to determine optimal coefficients of a fractional delay-infinite impulse response (FD-IIR) filter to meet the ideal frequency response characteristics.
Abstract: This paper applied a novel global meta-heuristic optimization algorithm, cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) to determine optimal coefficients of a fractional delay-infinite impulse response (FD-IIR) filter and trying to meet the ideal frequency response characteristics. Since fractional delay-IIR filter design is a multi-modal optimization problem, it cannot be computed efficiently using conventional gradient based optimization techniques. A weighted least square (WLS) based fitness function is used to improve the performance to a great extent. FD-IIR filters of different orders have been designed using the CSA. The simulation results of the proposed CSA based approach have been compared to those of well accepted evolutionary algorithms like Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The performance of the CSA based FD-IIR filter is superior to those obtained by GA and PSO. The simulation and statistical results affirm that the proposed approach using CSA outperforms GA and PSO, not only in the convergence rate but also in optimal performance of the designed FD-IIR filter (i.e., smaller magnitude error, smaller phase error, higher percentage improvement in magnitude and phase error, fast convergence rate). The absolute magnitude and phase error obtained for the designed 5th order FD-IIR filter are as low as 0.0037 and 0.0046, respectively. The percentage improvement in magnitude error for CSA based 5th order FD-IIR design with respect to GA and PSO are 80.93% and 74.83% respectively, and phase error are 76.04% and 71.25%, respectively.
TL;DR: The results reveal that the proposed FIR filter design approach using cuckoo search algorithm outperforms other techniques in terms of design accuracy, execution time and optimal solution.
Abstract: Design of optimal filters is an essential part of signal processing applications. It involves the computation of optimal filter coefficients such that the designed filter response possesses a flat passband and up to an infinite amount of stopband attenuation. This study investigates the effectiveness of employing the swarm intelligence (SI) based and population-based evolutionary computing techniques in determining and comparing the optimal solutions to the FIR filter design problem. The nature inspired optimization techniques applied are cuckoo search, particle swarm and real-coded genetic algorithm using which the FIR highpass (HP) and bandstop (BS) optimal filters are designed. These filters are examined for the stopband attenuation, passband ripples and the deviation from desired response. Moreover, the employed optimization techniques are compared on the field of algorithm execution time, t -test, convergence rate and obtaining global optimal results for the design of digital FIR filters. The results reveal that the proposed FIR filter design approach using cuckoo search algorithm outperforms other techniques in terms of design accuracy, execution time and optimal solution.
TL;DR: It is concluded that RCGA leads to the best solution under specified parameters for the FIR filter design on account of slight unnoticeable higher transition width.
Abstract: In this paper, an optimal design of linear phase digital finite impulse response (FIR) highpass (HP) filter using the L1-norm based real-coded genetic algorithm (RCGA) is investigated. A novel fitness function based on L1 norm is adopted to enhance the design accuracy. Optimized filter coefficients are obtained by defining the filter objective function in L1 sense using RCGA. Simulation analysis unveils that the performance of the RCGA adopting this fitness function is better in terms of signal attenuation ability of the filter, flatter passband and the convergence rate. Observations are made on the percentage improvement of this algorithm over the gradient-based L1 optimization approach on various factors by a large amount. It is concluded that RCGA leads to the best solution under specified parameters for the FIR filter design on account of slight unnoticeable higher transition width. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Production & hosting by Elsevier B.V. On behalf of Karabuk University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/).
TL;DR: An optimal design of two-dimensional finite impulse response (2D FIR) filter with quadrantally even symmetric impulse response with fractional derivative constraints (FDCs) using HPSO-GSA is presented.
Abstract: In this article, an optimal design of two-dimensional finite impulse response (2D FIR) filter with quadrantally even symmetric impulse response using fractional derivative constraints (FDCs) is presented. Firstly, design problem of 2D FIR filter is formulated as an optimization problem. Then, FDCs are imposed over the integral absolute error for designing of the quadrantally even symmetric impulse response filter. The optimized FDCs are applied over the prescribed frequency points. Next, the optimized filter impulse response coefficients are computed using a hybrid optimization technique, called hybrid particle swarm optimization and gravitational search algorithm (HPSO-GSA). Further, FDC values are also optimized such that flat passband and stopband frequency response is achieved and the absolute $$L_1$$L1-error is minimized. Finally, four design examples of 2D low-pass, high-pass, band-pass and band-stop filters are demonstrated to justify the design accuracy in terms of passband error, stopband error, maximum passband ripple, minimum stopband attenuation and execution time. Simulation results have been compared with the other optimization algorithms, such as real-coded genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and gravitational search algorithm. It is observed that HPSO-GSA gives improved results for 2D FIR-FDC filter design problem. In comparison with other existing techniques of 2D FIR filter design, the proposed method shows improved design accuracy and flexibility with varying values of FDCs.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: The linear and nonlinear programming is universally compatible with any devices to read and is available in the book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly.
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TL;DR: A recent article published in this magazine has labeled fractional-order continuous-time systems as the "21st century systems" and highlighted specific problems which need to be addressed particularly by electrical engineers.
Abstract: A recent article published in this magazine has labeled fractional-order continuous-time systems as the "21st century systems". Indeed, this emerging research area is slowly gaining momentum among electrical engineers while its deeply rooted mathematical concepts also slowly migrate to various engineering disciplines. A very important aspect of research in fractional-order circuits and systems is that it is an interdisciplinary subject. Specifically, it is an area where biochemistry, medicine and electrical engineering over-lap giving rise to many new potential applications. This article aims to provide an overview of the current status of research in this area, highlighting specific problems which need to be addressed particularly by electrical engineers.
TL;DR: This review identifies the popularly used algorithms within the domain of bio-inspired algorithms and discusses their principles, developments and scope of application, which would pave the path for future studies to choose algorithms based on fitment.
Abstract: Review of applications of algorithms in bio-inspired computing.Brief description of algorithms without mathematical notations.Brief description of scope of applications of the algorithms.Identification of algorithms whose applications may be explored.Identification of algorithms on which theory development may be explored. With the explosion of data generation, getting optimal solutions to data driven problems is increasingly becoming a challenge, if not impossible. It is increasingly being recognised that applications of intelligent bio-inspired algorithms are necessary for addressing highly complex problems to provide working solutions in time, especially with dynamic problem definitions, fluctuations in constraints, incomplete or imperfect information and limited computation capacity. More and more such intelligent algorithms are thus being explored for solving different complex problems. While some studies are exploring the application of these algorithms in a novel context, other studies are incrementally improving the algorithm itself. However, the fast growth in the domain makes researchers unaware of the progresses across different approaches and hence awareness across algorithms is increasingly reducing, due to which the literature on bio-inspired computing is skewed towards few algorithms only (like neural networks, genetic algorithms, particle swarm and ant colony optimization). To address this concern, we identify the popularly used algorithms within the domain of bio-inspired algorithms and discuss their principles, developments and scope of application. Specifically, we have discussed the neural networks, genetic algorithm, particle swarm, ant colony optimization, artificial bee colony, bacterial foraging, cuckoo search, firefly, leaping frog, bat algorithm, flower pollination and artificial plant optimization algorithm. Further objectives which could be addressed by these twelve algorithms have also be identified and discussed. This review would pave the path for future studies to choose algorithms based on fitment. We have also identified other bio-inspired algorithms, where there are a lot of scope in theory development and applications, due to the absence of significant literature.
TL;DR: A four-variable neuron model is designed to describe the effect of electromagnetic induction on neuronal activities, and this model could be suitable for further investigation of electromagnetic radiation on biological neuronal system.
Abstract: The electric activities of neurons are dependent on the complex electrophysiological condition in neuronal system, and it indicates that the complex distribution of electromagnetic field could be detected in the neuronal system. According to the Maxwell electromagnetic induction theorem, the dynamical behavior in electric activity in each neuron can be changed due to the effect of internal bioelectricity of nervous system (e.g., fluctuation of ion concentration inside and outside of cell). As a result, internal fluctuation of electromagnetic field is established and the effect of magnetic flux across the membrane should be considered during the emergence of collective electrical activities and signals propagation among a large set of neurons. In this paper, the variable for magnetic flow is proposed to improve the previous Hindmarsh–Rose neuron model; thus, a four-variable neuron model is designed to describe the effect of electromagnetic induction on neuronal activities. Within the new neuron model, the effect of magnetic flow on membrane potential is described by imposing additive memristive current on the membrane variable, and the memristive current is dependent on the variation of magnetic flow. The dynamics of this modified model is discussed, and multiple modes of electric activities can be observed by changing the initial state, which indicates memory effect of neuronal system. Furthermore, a practical circuit is designed for this improved neuron model, and this model could be suitable for further investigation of electromagnetic radiation on biological neuronal system.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: The digital signal processing a computer based approach is universally compatible with any devices to read and is available in the digital library an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly.
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