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Tehshik P. Yoon

Bio: Tehshik P. Yoon is a academic researcher at University of Wisconsin-Madison who has co-authored 141 publication(s) receiving 13843 citation(s). The author has an hindex of 50. Previous affiliations of Tehshik P. Yoon include Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation & Harvard University. The author has done significant research in the topic(s): Cycloaddition & Photoredox catalysis.

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Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NCHEM.687
01 Jul 2010-Nature Chemistry
Abstract: Light can be considered an ideal reagent for environmentally friendly, 'green' chemical synthesis; unlike many conventional reagents, light is non-toxic, generates no waste, and can be obtained from renewable sources. Nevertheless, the need for high-energy ultraviolet radiation in most organic photochemical processes has limited both the practicality and environmental benefits of photochemical synthesis on industrially relevant scales. This perspective describes recent approaches to the use of metal polypyridyl photocatalysts in synthetic organic transformations. Given the remarkable photophysical properties of these complexes, these new transformations, which use Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) and related photocatalysts, can be conducted using almost any source of visible light, including both store-bought fluorescent light bulbs and ambient sunlight. Transition metal photocatalysis thus represents a promising strategy towards the development of practical, scalable industrial processes with great environmental benefits.

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1,754 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1239176
Danielle M. Schultz1, Tehshik P. Yoon1Institutions (1)
28 Feb 2014-Science
Abstract: Background Interest in photochemical synthesis has been motivated in part by the realization that sunlight is effectively an inexhaustible energy source.Chemists have also long recognized distinctive patterns of reactivity that are uniquely accessible via photochemical activation. However, most simple organic molecules absorb only ultraviolet (UV) light and cannot be activated by the visible wavelengths that comprise most of the solar energy that reaches Earth’s surface. Consequently, organic photochemistry has generally required the use of UV light sources. Visible light photocatalysis. ( A ) Transition metal photocatalysts, such as Ru(bpy) 3 2+ , readily absorb visible light to access reactive excited states. ( B ) Photoexcited Ru*(bpy) 3 2+ can act as an electron shuttle, interacting with sacrificial electron donors D (path i) or acceptors A (path ii) to yield either a strongly reducing or oxidizing catalyst toward organic substrates S. Ru*(bpy) 3 2+ can also directly transfer energy to an organic substrate to yield electronically excited species (path iii). bpy, 2,29-bipyridine; MLCT, metal-to-ligand charge transfer. Advances Over the past several years, there has been a resurgence of interest in synthetic photochemistry, based on the recognition that the transition metal chromophores that have been so productively exploited in the design of technologies for solar energy conversion can also convert visible light energy into useful chemical potential for synthetic purposes. Visible light enables productive photoreactions of compounds possessing weak bonds that are sensitive toward UV photodegradation. Furthermore, visible light photoreactions can be conducted by using essentially any source of white light, including sunlight, which obviates the need for specialized UV photoreactors. This feature has expanded the accessibility of photochemical reactions to a broader range of synthetic organic chemists. A variety of reaction types have now been shown to be amenable to visible light photocatalysis via photoinduced electron transfer to or from the transition metal chromophore, as well as energy-transfer processes. The predictable reactivity of the intermediates generated and the tolerance of the reaction conditions to a wide range of functional groups have enabled the application of these reactions to the synthesis of increasingly complex target molecules. Outlook This general strategy for the use of visible light in organic synthesis is already being adopted by a growing community of synthetic chemists. Much of the current research in this emerging area is geared toward the discovery of photochemical solutions for increasingly ambitious synthetic goals. Visible light photocatalysis is also attracting the attention of researchers in chemical biology, materials science, and drug discovery, who recognize that these reactions offer opportunities for innovation in areas beyond traditional organic synthesis. The long-term goals of this emerging area are to continue to improve efficiency and synthetic utility and to realize the long-standing goal of performing chemical synthesis using the sun.

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Topics: Mechanistic organic photochemistry (55%), Chromophore (52%), Photoredox catalysis (52%) ...read more

1,539 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.6B00018
25 Apr 2016-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: The interaction between an electronically excited photocatalyst and an organic molecule can result in the genertion of a diverse array of reactive intermediates that can be manipulated in a variety of ways to result in synthetically useful bond constructions. This Review summarizes dual-catalyst strategies that have been applied to synthetic photochemistry. Mechanistically distinct modes of photocatalysis are discussed, including photoinduced electron transfer, hydrogen atom transfer, and energy transfer. We focus upon the cooperative interactions of photocatalysts with redox mediators, Lewis and Bronsted acids, organocatalysts, enzymes, and transition metal complexes.

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1,299 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1083622
Tehshik P. Yoon1, Eric N. Jacobsen1Institutions (1)
14 Mar 2003-Science
Abstract: One of the most active current areas of chemical research is centered on how to synthesize handed (chiral) compounds in a selective manner, rather than as mixtures of mirror-image forms (enantiomers) with different three-dimensional structures (stereochemistries). Nature points the way in this endeavor: different enantiomers of a given biomolecule can exhibit dramatically different biological activities, and enzymes have therefore evolved to catalyze reactions with exquisite selectivity for the formation of one enantiomeric form over the other. Drawing inspiration from these natural catalysts, chemists have developed a variety of synthetic small-molecule catalysts that can achieve levels of selectivity approaching, and in some cases matching, those observed in enzymatic reactions.

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1,016 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JA805387F
Abstract: We report that Ru(bipy)3Cl2 can serve as a visible light photocatalyst for [2+2] enone cycloadditions. A variety of aryl enones participate readily in the reaction, and the diastereoselectivity in the formation of the cyclobutane products is excellent. We propose a mechanism in which a photogenerated Ru(bipy)3+ complex promotes one-electron reduction of the enone substrate, which undergoes subsequent radical anion cycloaddition. The efficiency of this process is extremely high, which allows rapid, high-yielding [2+2] cyclizations to be conducted using incident sunlight as the only source of irradiation.

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Topics: Cycloaddition (59%), Enone (56%), Cyclobutane (50%)

709 Citations


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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR300503R
10 Jul 2013-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: A fundamental aim in the field of catalysis is the development of new modes of small molecule activation. One approach toward the catalytic activation of organic molecules that has received much attention recently is visible light photoredox catalysis. In a general sense, this approach relies on the ability of metal complexes and organic dyes to engage in single-electron-transfer (SET) processes with organic substrates upon photoexcitation with visible light. Many of the most commonly employed visible light photocatalysts are polypyridyl complexes of ruthenium and iridium, and are typified by the complex tris(2,2′-bipyridine) ruthenium(II), or Ru(bpy)32+ (Figure 1). These complexes absorb light in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum to give stable, long-lived photoexcited states.1,2 The lifetime of the excited species is sufficiently long (1100 ns for Ru(bpy)32+) that it may engage in bimolecular electron-transfer reactions in competition with deactivation pathways.3 Although these species are poor single-electron oxidants and reductants in the ground state, excitation of an electron affords excited states that are very potent single-electron-transfer reagents. Importantly, the conversion of these bench stable, benign catalysts to redox-active species upon irradiation with simple household lightbulbs represents a remarkably chemoselective trigger to induce unique and valuable catalytic processes. Open in a separate window Figure 1 Ruthenium polypyridyl complexes: versatile visible light photocatalysts.

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Topics: Photoredox catalysis (62%), Ruthenium (54%), Visible spectrum (51%) ...read more

4,920 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR100280D
Charles S. Yeung1, Vy M. Dong1Institutions (1)
09 Mar 2011-Chemical Reviews
Topics: Carbon (61%), Oxidizing agent (53%), Hydrogen bond (51%) ...read more

3,109 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/B913880N
Abstract: The use of visible light sensitization as a means to initiate organic reactions is attractive due to the lack of visible light absorbance by organic compounds, reducing side reactions often associated with photochemical reactions conducted with high energy UV light. This tutorial review provides a historical overview of visible light photoredox catalysis in organic synthesis along with recent examples which underscore its vast potential to initiate organic transformations.

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2,645 Citations



Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.6B00057
Nathan A. Romero1, David A. Nicewicz1Institutions (1)
10 Jun 2016-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: In this review, we highlight the use of organic photoredox catalysts in a myriad of synthetic transformations with a range of applications. This overview is arranged by catalyst class where the photophysics and electrochemical characteristics of each is discussed to underscore the differences and advantages to each type of single electron redox agent. We highlight both net reductive and oxidative as well as redox neutral transformations that can be accomplished using purely organic photoredox-active catalysts. An overview of the basic photophysics and electron transfer theory is presented in order to provide a comprehensive guide for employing this class of catalysts in photoredox manifolds.

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Topics: Photoredox catalysis (61%)

2,478 Citations


Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 50

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20217
20208
20199
20183
20177
201612

Top Attributes

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Author's top 5 most impactful journals

ChemInform

40 papers, 78 citations

Journal of the American Chemical Society

20 papers, 3.1K citations

Angewandte Chemie

13 papers, 1.2K citations

Organic Letters

8 papers, 258 citations

Chemical Science

6 papers, 801 citations

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