Bio: Tessa Peasgood is an academic researcher from University of Sheffield. The author has contributed to research in topics: Medicine & Psychology. The author has an hindex of 18, co-authored 42 publications receiving 3768 citations. Previous affiliations of Tessa Peasgood include Imperial College London & University of Sussex.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A detailed review of the literature on subjective well-being and its determinants can be found in this paper, where the authors highlight a range of problems in drawing firm conclusions about the causes of SWB; these include some contradictory evidence, concerns over the impact on the findings of potentially unobserved variables and the lack of certainty on the direction of causality.
Abstract: There is increasing interest in the “economics of happiness”, reflected by the number of articles that are appearing in mainstream economics journals that consider subjective well-being (SWB) and its determinants. This paper provides a detailed review of this literature. It focuses on papers that have been published in economics journals since 1990, as well as some key reviews in psychology and important unpublished working papers. The evidence suggests that poor health, separation, unemployment and lack of social contact are all strongly negatively associated with SWB. However, the review highlights a range of problems in drawing firm conclusions about the causes of SWB; these include some contradictory evidence, concerns over the impact on the findings of potentially unobserved variables and the lack of certainty on the direction of causality. We should be able to address some of these problems as more panel data become available.
TL;DR: The EQ-5D and SF-36 achieved an adequate level of performance in depression, and to some extent in anxiety and personality disorder and achieved mixed results in the quantitative testing against psychometric criteria.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Generic preference-based measures of health like the EQ-5D and SF-6D(®) are increasingly being used in economic evaluation and outcome assessment. However, there are concerns as to whether or not these generic measures are appropriate for use in people with mental health problems. OBJECTIVES: The EQ-5D and SF-36(®) (including its derivatives the SF-12(®) and SF-6D) were assessed using the psychometric criteria of validity and responsiveness using quantitative and qualitative methods. Another aim was to estimate mapping functions between the EQ-5D and SF-6D and condition-specific measures, where appropriate. DESIGN: Four studies were undertaken to examine the appropriateness of the measures: (1) a systematic review of quantitative evidence on validity and responsiveness; (2) a further quantitative assessment of these criteria using existing data sets; (3) a review of qualitative research on the quality of life of people with mental health problems; and (4) qualitative semistructured interviews of people with a full range of problems. A fifth study estimated mapping functions between mental health-specific measures and the EQ-5D and SF-6D. SETTING: A choice of venue was offered for the interviews including the participant's own home, a room at the university or a centre frequently used by mental health services. PARTICIPANTS: The interviews were undertaken with 19 people with a broad range of mental health problems at varying levels of severity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The reviews included the EQ-5D and SF-36 (and the SF-12 and SF-6D). The psychometric analysis included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). RESULTS: (1) and (2) The EQ-5D and SF-36 achieved an adequate level of performance in depression, and to some extent in anxiety and personality disorder. Results from the psychometric analyses in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have been more mixed. (3) A framework analysis of 13 studies identified six major themes. (4) The interview data fitted the themes from the review well and resulted in minor modifications to the themes. The final set of themes comprised: well-being and ill-being; control, autonomy and choice; self-perception; belonging; activity; hope and hopelessness; and physical health. CONCLUSIONS: The EQ-5D and SF-36 achieved mixed results in the quantitative testing against psychometric criteria. The qualitative analysis suggests this is because they provide a very limited coverage of themes identified by people with mental health problems. Recommendations for future work include the development of new preference-based measures in mental health that are based on, or substantially revise, an existing measure.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors set out the different methods that can be used to provide more defensible cost estimates, and that use data that are currently available, and one of these methods involves estimating the number of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) that victims of crime lose.
Abstract: Current estimates of the intangible costs of violent crime, such as the pain, grief and suffering experienced by victims, are not very robust. This paper sets out the different methods that can be used to provide more defensible cost estimates, and that use data that are currently available. One of these methods involves estimating the number of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) that victims of crime lose. The estimates suggest that rape results in the biggest losses, followed (in descending order) by: other wounding, common assault, serious wounding, murder, robbery and sexual assault.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed a methodology to provide estimates of the intangible costs arising from the anticipation of possible victimisation, i.e., the costs of fear of crime.
Abstract: A recent article in this journal, Dolan et al. (2005) provided a methodology for estimating the intangible costs (or losses in quality of life) from violent crime. Here, we develop that methodology to provide estimates of the intangible costs arising from the anticipation of possible victimisation; that is, estimates of the costs of fear of crime. These costs are categorised according to whether they result in non-health losses or health losses. Non-health losses are associated with a) changes in behaviour and/or b) changes in how society is viewed. Possible methods for measuring and valuing these non-health losses are discussed. However, the paper focuses on measuring and providing a provisional monetary valuation for the health losses arising from anticipating crime
TL;DR: A set of multipliers representing the loss in HSUVs for use as a “reference case” in cost-effectiveness models is provided.
Abstract: Introduction An important component of cost effectiveness models in the field of osteoporosis is the set of Health State Utility Values (HSUVs) used for key fracture outcomes. This paper presents a review of HSUVs for key osteoporotic states (hip, wrist, shoulder, clinical, and morphometric vertebral fractures, established osteoporosis, and interaction of several fractures). It provides an update to the systematic review conducted by Brazier et al. (Osteoporos Int 13(10):768–776, 2002).
01 Jan 2016
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01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: The Age of Irresponsibility, the Dilemma of growth, the Myth of Decoupling, the Iron Cage of Consumerism, and the Green New Deal as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Foreword 1. Prosperity Lost 2. The Age of Irresponsibility 3. Redefining Prosperity 4. The Dilemma of Growth 5. The Myth of Decoupling 6. The 'Iron Cage' of Consumerism 7. Keynesianism and the 'Green New Deal' 8. Ecological Macro-Economics 9. Flourishing - within Limits 10. Governance for Prosperity 11. The Transition to a Sustainable Economy 12. A Lasting Prosperity Appendices References Endnotes
TL;DR: In spite of the high social and economic cost of osteoporosis, a substantial treatment gap and projected increase of the economic burden driven by the aging populations, the use of pharmacological interventions to prevent fractures has decreased in recent years, suggesting that a change in healthcare policy is warranted.
Abstract: Summary This report describes the epidemiology, burden, and treatment of osteoporosis in the 27 countries of the European Union (EU27).