Author

# Thomas A. Lipo

Other affiliations: Federal University of Paraíba, Purdue University, Electric Power Research Institute ...read more

Bio: Thomas A. Lipo is an academic researcher from University of Wisconsin-Madison. The author has contributed to research in topics: Stator & Induction motor. The author has an hindex of 103, co-authored 682 publications receiving 43110 citations. Previous affiliations of Thomas A. Lipo include Federal University of Paraíba & Purdue University.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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03 Oct 2003

TL;DR: In this paper, an integrated and comprehensive theory of PWM is presented and the selection of the best algorithm for optimum pulse width modulation is an important process that can result in improved converter efficiency, better load (motor) efficiency, and reduced electromagnetic interference.

Abstract: An integrated and comprehensive theory of PWM. The selection of the best algorithm for optimum pulse width modulation is an important process that can result in improved converter efficiency, better load (motor) efficiency, and reduced electromagnetic interference. However, the identification of the best approach is a complex process requiring extensive mathematical manipulation.

2,450 citations

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26 Sep 1996

TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a d-q model for solid state power converters and present a complex vector analysis of induction machines and synchronous machines with respect to vector control and field orientation.

Abstract: 1. Introduction to AC drives 2. d-q modelling of induction and synchronous machines 3. d-q models for solid state power converters 4. Complex vector analysis of induction machines 5. Principles of vector control and field orientation 6. Dynamics of vector control and field orientation 7. Current regulation in power converters 8. Parameter sensitivity and saturation effects in indirect field orientation 9. Field weakening operation Index

1,239 citations

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02 Oct 1994

TL;DR: In this paper, a vector space decomposition control of voltage source inverter fed dual three-phase induction machines is presented, where the analytical modeling and control of the machine are accomplished in three two-dimensional orthogonal subspaces and the dynamics of the electromechanical energy conversion related and the nonelectromechanical ECC related machine variables are thereby totally decoupled.

Abstract: The technique of vector space decomposition control of voltage source inverter fed dual three-phase induction machines is presented in this paper. By vector space decomposition, the analytical modeling and control of the machine are accomplished in three two-dimensional orthogonal subspaces and the dynamics of the electromechanical energy conversion related and the nonelectromechanical energy conversion related machine variables are thereby totally decoupled. A space vector PWM technique is also developed based on the vector space decomposition to limit the 5th, 7th, 17th, 19th,... harmonic currents which in such a system would be otherwise difficult to control. The techniques developed in this paper can be generalized for the control of an induction machine with an arbitrary number of phases. >

1,099 citations

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01 Jun 2003TL;DR: In this paper, the authors compared the output voltage and current space in terms of dq components for each topology and fault, and used a silicon overrating cost factor to compare the relative switching device costs of the topologies compared to a standard three-phase inverter.

Abstract: This paper compares the many fault tolerant three-phase ac motor drive topologies that have been proposed to provide output capacity for the inverter faults of switch short or open-circuits, phase-leg short-circuits, and single-phase open-circuits. Also included is a review of the respective control methods for fault tolerant inverters including two-phase and unipolar control methods. The output voltage and current space in terms of dq components is identified for each topology and fault. These quantities are then used to normalize the power capacity of each system during a fault to a standard inverter during normal operation. A silicon overrating cost factor is adopted as a metric to compare the relative switching device costs of the topologies compared to a standard three-phase inverter.

750 citations

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TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.

Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

33,785 citations

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TL;DR: The most important topologies like diode-clamped inverter (neutral-point clamped), capacitor-Clamped (flying capacitor), and cascaded multicell with separate DC sources are presented and the circuit topology options are presented.

Abstract: Multilevel inverter technology has emerged recently as a very important alternative in the area of high-power medium-voltage energy control. This paper presents the most important topologies like diode-clamped inverter (neutral-point clamped), capacitor-clamped (flying capacitor), and cascaded multicell with separate DC sources. Emerging topologies like asymmetric hybrid cells and soft-switched multilevel inverters are also discussed. This paper also presents the most relevant control and modulation methods developed for this family of converters: multilevel sinusoidal pulsewidth modulation, multilevel selective harmonic elimination, and space-vector modulation. Special attention is dedicated to the latest and more relevant applications of these converters such as laminators, conveyor belts, and unified power-flow controllers. The need of an active front end at the input side for those inverters supplying regenerative loads is also discussed, and the circuit topology options are also presented. Finally, the peripherally developing areas such as high-voltage high-power devices and optical sensors and other opportunities for future development are addressed.

6,472 citations

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TL;DR: An overview of the structures for the DPGS based on fuel cell, photovoltaic, and wind turbines is given and the possibility of compensation for low-order harmonics is discussed.

Abstract: Renewable energy sources like wind, sun, and hydro are seen as a reliable alternative to the traditional energy sources such as oil, natural gas, or coal. Distributed power generation systems (DPGSs) based on renewable energy sources experience a large development worldwide, with Germany, Denmark, Japan, and USA as leaders in the development in this field. Due to the increasing number of DPGSs connected to the utility network, new and stricter standards in respect to power quality, safe running, and islanding protection are issued. As a consequence, the control of distributed generation systems should be improved to meet the requirements for grid interconnection. This paper gives an overview of the structures for the DPGS based on fuel cell, photovoltaic, and wind turbines. In addition, control structures of the grid-side converter are presented, and the possibility of compensation for low-order harmonics is also discussed. Moreover, control strategies when running on grid faults are treated. This paper ends up with an overview of synchronization methods and a discussion about their importance in the control

4,655 citations

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TL;DR: New trends in power electronics for the integration of wind and photovoltaic (PV) power generators are presented and a review of the appropriate storage-system technology used for the Integration of intermittent renewable energy sources is introduced.

Abstract: The use of distributed energy resources is increasingly being pursued as a supplement and an alternative to large conventional central power stations. The specification of a power-electronic interface is subject to requirements related not only to the renewable energy source itself but also to its effects on the power-system operation, especially where the intermittent energy source constitutes a significant part of the total system capacity. In this paper, new trends in power electronics for the integration of wind and photovoltaic (PV) power generators are presented. A review of the appropriate storage-system technology used for the integration of intermittent renewable energy sources is also introduced. Discussions about common and future trends in renewable energy systems based on reliability and maturity of each technology are presented

3,799 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a limit cycle control of both flux and torque using optimum PWM output voltage; a switching table is employed for selecting the optimum inverter output voltage vectors so as to attain as fast a torque response, as low an inverter switching frequency, and as low harmonic losses as possible.

Abstract: New quick-response and high-efficiency control of an induction motor, which is quite different from that of the field-oriented control is proposed. The most obvious differences between the two are as follows. 1) The proposed scheme is based on limit cycle control of both flux and torque using optimum PWM output voltage; a switching table is employed for selecting the optimum inverter output voltage vectors so as to attain as fast a torque response, as low an inverter switching frequency, and as low harmonic losses as possible. 2) The efficiency optimization in the steady-state operation is also considered; it can be achieved by controlling the amplitude of the flux in accordance with the torque command. To verify the feasibility of this scheme, experimentation, simulation, and comparison with field-oriented control are carried out. The results prove the excellent characteristics for torque response and efficiency, which confirm the validity of this control scheme.

3,316 citations