Tine De Ryck
Other affiliations: Ghent University Hospital
Bio: Tine De Ryck is an academic researcher from Ghent University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Mucositis & Wound healing. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 13 publication(s) receiving 299 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Tine De Ryck include Ghent University Hospital.
Topics: Mucositis, Wound healing, Oral Microbiome, Biofilm, Microbiome
22 May 2014-BMC Microbiology
TL;DR: The HMI module offers the possibility of co-culturing a gut representative microbial community with enterocyte-like cells up to 48 h and may therefore contribute to the mechanistic understanding of host-microbiome interactions.
Abstract: Background: Recent scientific developments have shed more light on the importance of the host-microbe interaction, particularly in the gut. However, the mechanistic study of the host-microbe interplay is complicated by the intrinsic limitations in reaching the different areas of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) in vivo. In this paper, we present the technical validation of a new device - the Host-Microbiota Interaction (HMI) module - and the evidence that it can be used in combination with a gut dynamic simulator to evaluate the effect of a specific treatment at the level of the luminal microbial community and of the host surface colonization and signaling. Results: The HMI module recreates conditions that are physiologically relevant for the GIT: i) a mucosal area to which bacteria can adhere under relevant shear stress (3 dynes cm �2 ); ii) the bilateral transport of low molecular weight metabolites (4 to 150 kDa) with permeation coefficients ranging from 2.4 × 10 �6 to 7.1 × 10 �9 cm sec �1 ; and iii) microaerophilic conditions at the bottom of the growing biofilm (PmO2 =2.5 ×1 0 �4 cm sec �1 ). In a long-term study, the host’s cells in the HMI module were still viable after a 48-hour exposure to a complex microbial community. The dominant mucus-associated microbiota differed from the luminal one and its composition was influenced by the treatment with a dried product derived from yeast fermentation. The latter - with known anti-inflammatory properties induced a decrease of pro-inflammatory IL-8 production between 24 and 48 h. Conclusions: The study of the in vivo functionality of adhering bacterial communities in the human GIT and of the localized effect on the host is frequently hindered by the complexity of reaching particular areas of the GIT. The HMI module offers the possibility of co-culturing a gut representative microbial community with enterocyte-like cells up to 48 h and may therefore contribute to the mechanistic understanding of host-microbiome interactions.
01 Jan 2015-Chemosphere
TL;DR: Dietary background is a crucial parameter to incorporate when predicting bioavailability with bioaccessibility measurements and when assessing health risks from As following oral exposure.
Abstract: Arsenic (As) is an important contaminant present in food and water. Several studies have indicated that the occurrence of As based skin lesions is significantly different when root and gourd rich diets are consumed compared to meat rich diets. Additionally, urinary As speciation from orally exposed individuals appears to depend on the composition of the diet. These observations imply that diet composition can affect both the bioavailable As fraction as the As speciation in the body. In this study, we used the in vitro gastrointestinal method (IVG) to evaluate how an Asian type diet (fiber rich) and a Western type diet (fat and protein rich), differ in their capability to release inorganic As (iAs(V)) and dimethyl arsinate (DMA(V)) from a rice matrix following gastrointestinal digestion. Moreover, we used a validated dynamic gut simulator to investigate whether diet background affects As metabolism by gut microbiota in a colon environment. An Asian diet background resulted in a larger As bioaccessibility (81.2%) than a Western diet background (63.4%). On the other hand, incubation of As contaminated rice with human colon microbiota in the presence of a Western type diet resulted in a larger amount of hazardous As species - monomethyl arsonite and monomethylmonothio arsonate - to be formed after 48 h. The permeability of these As species (60.5% and 50.5% resp.) across a Caco-2 cell line was significantly higher compared to iAs(V) and DMA(V) (46.5% and 28% resp.). We conclude that dietary background is a crucial parameter to incorporate when predicting bioavailability with bioaccessibility measurements and when assessing health risks from As following oral exposure.
•30 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, a method for predicting the anti-invasive activity of chalcone-like compounds was proposed. But this method is not suitable for the use in the prevention and/or treatment of diseases associated with undesired cell invasion.
Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of anti-invasive compounds and methods for predicting the anti-invasive activity of said compounds, as well as their use in the prevention and/or treatment of diseases associated with undesired cell invasion; in particular, this invention relates to the field of anti-invasive chalcone-like compounds.
TL;DR: It is indicated that low-dose irradiation can have an impact on functional characteristics of microbial species and screening for pathogens like K. oxytoca in the context of mucosits could be useful to allow early detection and immediate intervention.
Abstract: The role of host-microbe interactions in the pathobiology of oral mucositis is still unclear; therefore, this study aimed to unravel the effect of irradiation on behavioral characteristics of oral microbial species in the context of mucositis. Using various experimental in vitro setups, the effects of irradiation on growth and biofilm formation of two Candida spp., Streptococcus salivarius and Klebsiella oxytoca in different culture conditions were evaluated. Irradiation did not affect growth of planktonic cells, but reduced the number of K. oxytoca cells in newly formed biofilms cultured in static conditions. Biofilm formation of K. oxytoca and Candida glabrata was affected by irradiation and depended on the culturing conditions. In the presence of mucins, these effects were lost, indicating the protective nature of mucins. Furthermore, the Galleria melonella model was used to study effects on microbial virulence. Irradiated K. oxytoca microbes were more virulent in G. melonella larvae compared to the nonirradiated ones. Our data indicate that low-dose irradiation can have an impact on functional characteristics of microbial species. Screening for pathogens like K. oxytoca in the context of mucosits could be useful to allow early detection and immediate intervention.
TL;DR: A number of structurally related (E)- and (Z)-stilbenes exhibited an extraordinary high in vitro potency in the chick heart invasion assay, being active up to 10nmolL(-1), a concentration level a 100-fold lower than the lowest effective doses that have been reported for natural analogues.
Abstract: In our ongoing exploration of the structure–activity landscape of anti-invasive chalcones, we have prepared and evaluated a number of structurally related (E)- and (Z)-stilbenes. These molecules exhibited an extraordinary high in vitro potency in the chick heart invasion assay, being active up to 10 nmol L −1 , a concentration level a 100-fold lower than the lowest effective doses that have been reported for natural analogues. Furthermore, they possess an interesting pharmacological profile in silico.
01 May 2017-Nature Reviews Cancer
TL;DR: The evidence for the ability of the microbiota to modulate chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy is discussed with a focus on the microbial species involved, their mechanism of action and the possibility of targeting the microbiome to improve anticancer efficacy while preventing toxicity.
Abstract: The microbiota is composed of commensal bacteria and other microorganisms that live on the epithelial barriers of the host. The commensal microbiota is important for the health and survival of the organism. Microbiota influences physiological functions from the maintenance of barrier homeostasis locally to the regulation of metabolism, haematopoiesis, inflammation, immunity and other functions systemically. The microbiota is also involved in the initiation, progression and dissemination of cancer both at epithelial barriers and in sterile tissues. Recently, it has become evident that microbiota, and particularly the gut microbiota, modulates the response to cancer therapy and susceptibility to toxic side effects. In this Review, we discuss the evidence for the ability of the microbiota to modulate chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy with a focus on the microbial species involved, their mechanism of action and the possibility of targeting the microbiota to improve anticancer efficacy while preventing toxicity.
TL;DR: The type of studies that will be essential for translating microbiome research into targeted modulations with dedicated benefits for the human host are discussed.
Abstract: Our understanding of the human gut microbiome continues to evolve at a rapid pace, but practical application of thisknowledge is still in its infancy. This review discusses the type of studies that will be essential for translating microbiome research into targeted modulations with dedicated benefits for the human host.
11 May 2016-Nature Communications
TL;DR: The ability of HuMiX to recapitulate in vivo transcriptional, metabolic and immunological responses in human intestinal epithelial cells following their co-culture with the commensal Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) grown under anaerobic conditions is demonstrated.
Abstract: We thank the scientists and technical staff of the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine and Center for Applied Nanobioscience and Medicine, particularly Matthew Barrett and Brett Duane for their excellent technical assistance and engineering support We are grateful to Francois Bernardin, Nathalie Nicot and Laurent Vallar for the microarray analysis; Aidos Baumuratov for imaging support; Linda Wampach for HuMiX illustrations; and Anna Heintz-Buschart for fruitful discussions This work was supported by an ATTRACT programme grant (ATTRACT/A09/03), a CORE programme grant (CORE/11/BM/1186762), a European Union Joint Programming in Neurodegenerative Diseases grant (INTER/JPND/12/01) and a Proof-of-Concept grant (PoC-15/11014639) to PW, Accompany Measures mobility grant (12/AM2c/05) to PW and PS, an INTER mobility grant to PS (INTER/14/7516918), and an Aide a la Formation Recherche (AFR) postdoctoral grant (AFR/PDR 2013-1/BM/5821107) as well as a CORE programme grant (CORE/14/BM/8066232) to JVF, all funded by the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR) This work was further supported by a grant attributed to CS-D by the 'Fondation Recherche sur le SIDA du Luxembourg' Bioinformatics analyses presented in this paper were carried out in part using the HPC facilities of the University of Luxembourg (http://hpcunilu)
TL;DR: The extended coculture of living human intestinal epithelium with stable communities of aerobic and anaerobic human gut microbiota is shown, using a microfluidic intestine-on-a-chip that permits the control and real-time assessment of physiologically relevant oxygen gradients.
Abstract: The diverse bacterial populations that comprise the commensal microbiome of the human intestine play a central role in health and disease. A method that sustains complex microbial communities in direct contact with living human intestinal cells and their overlying mucus layer in vitro would thus enable the investigation of host-microbiome interactions. Here, we show the extended coculture of living human intestinal epithelium with stable communities of aerobic and anaerobic human gut microbiota, using a microfluidic intestine-on-a-chip that permits the control and real-time assessment of physiologically relevant oxygen gradients. When compared to aerobic coculture conditions, the establishment of a transluminal hypoxia gradient in the chip increased intestinal barrier function and sustained a physiologically relevant level of microbial diversity, consisting of over 200 unique operational taxonomic units from 11 different genera and an abundance of obligate anaerobic bacteria, with ratios of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes similar to those observed in human faeces. The intestine-on-a-chip may serve as a discovery tool for the development of microbiome-related therapeutics, probiotics and nutraceuticals.
09 Jan 2017-Nature Chemistry
TL;DR: This activation method allows for the easy use of earth-abundant metals, including iron, cobalt, nickel and manganese, and represents a generic platform for the discovery and application of non-precious metal catalysis.
Abstract: First-row, earth-abundant metals offer an inexpensive and sustainable alternative to precious-metal catalysts. As such, iron and cobalt catalysts have garnered interest as replacements for alkene and alkyne hydrofunctionalization reactions. However, these have required the use of air- and moisture-sensitive catalysts and reagents, limiting both adoption by the non-expert as well as applicability, particularly in industrial settings. Here, we report a simple method for the use of earth-abundant metal catalysts by general activation with sodium tert-butoxide. Using only robust air- and moisture-stable reagents and pre-catalysts, both known and, significantly, novel catalytic activities have been successfully achieved, covering hydrosilylation, hydroboration, hydrovinylation, hydrogenation and [2π+2π] alkene cycloaddition. This activation method allows for the easy use of earth-abundant metals, including iron, cobalt, nickel and manganese, and represents a generic platform for the discovery and application of non-precious metal catalysis.