Bio: Ting Wang is an academic researcher from Jilin University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Personalized learning & Knowledge representation and reasoning. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 2 publications receiving 37 citations.
TL;DR: A learning path recommendation model is designed for satisfying different learning needs based on the multidimensional knowledge graph framework, which can generate and recommend customized learning paths according to the e-learner’s target learning object.
Abstract: E-learners face a large amount of fragmented learning content during e-learning. How to extract and organize this learning content is the key to achieving the established learning target, especially for non-experts. Reasonably arranging the order of the learning objects to generate a well-defined learning path can help the e-learner complete the learning target efficiently and systematically. Currently, knowledge-graph-based learning path recommendation algorithms are attracting the attention of researchers in this field. However, these methods only connect learning objects using single relationships, which cannot generate diverse learning paths to satisfy different learning needs in practice. To overcome this challenge, this paper proposes a learning path recommendation model based on a multidimensional knowledge graph framework. The main contributions of this paper are as follows. Firstly, we have designed a multidimensional knowledge graph framework that separately stores learning objects organized in several classes. Then, we have proposed six main semantic relationships between learning objects in the knowledge graph. Secondly, a learning path recommendation model is designed for satisfying different learning needs based on the multidimensional knowledge graph framework, which can generate and recommend customized learning paths according to the e-learner’s target learning object. The experiment results indicate that the proposed model can generate and recommend qualified personalized learning paths to improve the learning experiences of e-learners.
TL;DR: The knowledge representation learning approach is used in the MRP2Rec method to learn and represent multiple-step relation paths, and they are further utilized to generate prediction lists by inner products in top- $K$ recommendations.
Abstract: Knowledge graphs (KGs) have been proven to be effective for improving the performance of recommender systems. KGs can store rich side information and relieve the data sparsity problem. There are many linked attributes between entity pairs (e.g., items and users) in KGs, which can be called multiple-step relation paths. Existing methods do not sufficiently exploit the information encoded in KGs. In this paper, we propose MRP2Rec to explore various semantic relations in multiple-step relation paths to improve recommendation performance. The knowledge representation learning approach is used in our method to learn and represent multiple-step relation paths, and they are further utilized to generate prediction lists by inner products in top-K recommendations. Experiments on two real-world datasets demonstrate that our model achieves higher performance compared with many state-of-the-art baselines.
TL;DR: The TAM-based proposed scale has been successfully explained factors predicting the use of e-learning among Indonesian sport science students during the pandemic and the finding of significant relationships between facilitating condition and perceived ease of use and between facilitatingcondition and perceived usefulness was reported.
Abstract: This study was to explore factors predicting the use of e-learning during Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) among sport science education students In Indonesia Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The study was conducted through survey with 974 participating students from five Indonesian HEIs. An extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with facilitating condition as the external factor was implemented to be the theoretical framework of this study. An analysis method through Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was employed to measure and assess the proposed model. The findings informed that: (1) the TAM-based proposed scale has been successfully explained factors predicting the use of e-learning among Indonesian sport science students during the pandemic; (2) the finding of significant relationships between facilitating condition and perceived ease of use and between facilitating condition and perceived usefulness was reported; and (3) the significant relationships among core components of TAM were found except for one, relationship between perceived usefulness and attitude.
TL;DR: This survey is the first to provide an inclusive definition to the notion of domain KG, and a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art approaches drawn from academic works relevant to seven dissimilar domains of knowledge is provided.
Abstract: Knowledge Graphs (KGs) have made a qualitative leap and effected a real revolution in knowledge representation. This is leveraged by the underlying structure of the KG which underpins a better comprehension, reasoning and interpretation of knowledge for both human and machine. Therefore, KGs continue to be used as the main means of tackling a plethora of real-life problems in various domains. However, there is no consensus in regard to a plausible and inclusive definition of a domain-specific KG. Further, in conjunction with several limitations and deficiencies, various domain-specific KG construction approaches are far from perfect. This survey is the first to offer a comprehensive definition of a domain-specific KG. Also, the paper presents a thorough review of the state-of-the-art approaches drawn from academic works relevant to seven domains of knowledge. An examination of current approaches reveals a range of limitations and deficiencies. At the same time, uncharted territories on the research map are highlighted to tackle extant issues in the literature and point to directions for future research.
TL;DR: The most significant challenges of the methods that are applied to personalize learning paths need to be tackled in order to enhance the quality of the personalization.
Abstract: A learning path is the implementation of a curriculum design. It consists of a set of learning activities that help users achieve particular learning goals. Personalizing these paths became a significant task due to differences in users’ limitations, backgrounds, goals, etc. Since the last decade, researchers have proposed a variety of learning path personalization methods using different techniques and approaches. In this paper, we present an overview of the methods that are applied to personalize learning paths as well as their advantages and disadvantages. The main parameters for personalizing learning paths are also described. In addition, we present approaches that are used to evaluate path personalization methods. Finally, we highlight the most significant challenges of these methods, which need to be tackled in order to enhance the quality of the personalization.
TL;DR: A novel exercise recommendation method is proposed, which uses Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) to predict the coverage of knowledge concepts, and uses Deep Knowledge Tracing to predict students’ mastery level ofknowledge concepts based on the student’s exercise answer records.
Abstract: Good recommendation for difficulty exercises can effectively help to point the students/users in the right direction, and potentially empower their learning interests. It is however challenging to select the exercises with reasonable difficulty for students as they have different learning status and the size of exercise bank is quite large. The classic collaborative filtering (CF) based recommendation methods rely heavily on the similarities among students or exercises, leading to recommend exercises with mismatched difficulty. This paper proposes a novel exercise recommendation method, which uses Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) to predict the coverage of knowledge concepts, and uses Deep Knowledge Tracing (DKT) to predict students’ mastery level of knowledge concepts based on the student’s exercise answer records. The predictive results are utilized to filter the exercises; therefore, a subset of exercise bank is generated. As such, a complete list of recommended exercises can be obtained by solving an optimization problem. Extensive experimental studies show that our proposed approach has advantages over some existing baseline methods, not only in terms of the evaluation of difficulty of recommended exercises, but also the diversity and novelty of the recommendation lists.
TL;DR: In this article, a multi-objective optimization model was proposed to generate an appropriate learning path for learners based on their background and job goals, which satisfies several learner criteria, such as the critical learning path, number of enrollments, learning duration, popularity, rating of previous learners and cost.
Abstract: Online learning platforms, such as Coursera, Edx, Udemy, etc., offer thousands of courses with different content. These courses are often of discrete content. It leads the learner not to find a learning path in a vast volume of courses and contents, especially when they have no experience in advance. Streamlining the order of courses to create a well-defined learning path can help e-learners achieve their learning goals effectively and systematically. The learners usually ask the necessary skills that they expect to earn (query). The need is to develop a recommender system that can search for suitable learning paths. This study proposes a multi-objective optimization model as a knowledge-based recommender. Our model can generate an appropriate learning path for learners based on their background and job goals. The recommended studying path satisfies several learner criteria, such as the critical learning path, number of enrollments, learning duration, popularity, rating of previous learners, and cost. We have developed Metaheuristic algorithms includes the Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm (ACO), to solve the proposed model. Finally, we tested proposed methods with a dataset consisting of Coursera’s courses and Vietnam work’s jobs. The test results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.