Bio: Tingting Tan is an academic researcher. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 3 citations.
22 Aug 2017
TL;DR: In this article, a model sun-arken is used to represent the relationship between a person and a model, and the model is shown to be a good fit for a person.
Abstract: Bu calisma babalik rol ve davranislarinin farkli ulkelerde ne kapsamda degistigini ve bu degisimin nasil aciklandigini analiz etmeyi amaclamaktadir. Ilk olarak, babalik calismalarinin kapsamli bir taramasi verilecektir. Bunu takiben, babaliga iliskin dinamik degisimler ve bunlarin sonuclari dort farkli ulke, Isvec, Amerika, Japonya ve Cin, cercevesinde degerlendirilecektir. Calisma son bolumde dort farkli cikarimla sonlanacaktir: (a) Isvec ve Amerika’nin her ikisi de akademinin ve kamunun toplumsal cinsiyet esitligine ve yeni babaliga guclu cagrilar yapan Batili Refah devletleri olarak one cikarlar. Ancak, Isvec Amerika’ya gorece daha baba dostu bir durus sergilemektedir; (b) Cin ve Japonya Dogu Asyali Konfucyuscu mirasi paylasan ulkeler olmalarina ragmen, degisen babalik cercevesinde farkli yollar izlemektedirler; (c) Ulkelerin her biri endustrilesme, modernlesme, sehirlesme ve post-modern globallesme deneyimleri ve toplumsal cinsiyet esitligi ve yeni babalik ideolojilerini benimsemis olmalarina ragmen, Isvec ve Amerika’da, Cin ve Japonya’ya gorece babaliga iliskin degerlerin onemi daha fazladir; (d) Bu dort model, dort farkli gorusu yansitir – Isvecli babalik Amerikanlasmanin otesine gecerek baba dostu bir yaklasim sergilerken Amerikali babalik, geleneksellesmis sosyal beklentiyi aciga cikararak erkegin isteki rollerine oncelik vermesine vurgu yapar. Bunlarin aksine, Japon babalik donusen babalik ile mucadele eden tartismaci bir model sunarken, Cinli babalik, aile ici muhafazakarlik soylemlerinin aksine annenin reisligine dayanan yeni esitlikci bir toplumsal cinsiyet duzeni cercevesinde sekillenir.
TL;DR: Reed argues that men become fathers in various ways: from pacing the waiting room and handing out cigars (prior to what he calls the birthing revolution) to participating in birth classes, assisting the mother during labor, and cutting the umbilical cord after delivery as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Birthing Fathers-The Transformation of Men in American Rites of Birth by Richard K. Reed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2005, 259 pp.In a time when conception, pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood reside in the feminist spotlight for academics and obstetricians, the experiences of men as they transition individually and socially into fatherhood have unfortunately remained a relatively unacknowledged aspect of reproduction and parenthood in American culture. Richard K Reed's recent book Birthing Fathers-The Transformation of Men in American Rites of Birth (2005) is one of the first of its kind by offering an in-depth history and contemporary exploration of pregnant and birthing fathers in the U.S. medical setting.In the tradition of Robbie E. Davis-Floyd's book Birth as an American Rite of Passage (1992) and childbirth anthropologist pioneer Brigitte Jordan's essays on childbirth and authoritative knowledge, Reed's anthropological approach and sociological analysis situates current commonsense perceptions of hospital-birth fathers in the biomedical realm. Within this sphere, pregnancy is often viewed as pathology, the mother-to-be as primarily a patient, childbirth as a purely biological event, and fathers as unnecessary and even dangerous components to the process. Although expecting fathers were invited into the delivery room from the 1970s onward, their roles were limited within the specific guidelines of the Lamaze method (still the most popular model of prepared childbirth). The Lamaze method designates the father as birthing trainer who works in subordination to the already established power hierarchy of the hospital staff. Fathers are now expected to be present and participatory in their partner's births, but in ways dictated by the medical community that fail to fully take into account the psychological and spiritual aspects of becoming a father and parent.Childbirth is presented as a biological and cultural event that shapes and fundamentally transforms identity for the mother, father, and larger society. Birthing Fathers explores five important themes: (1) a comparison of couvade practices across cultures, (2) a detailed history of the changing location of birth from the home to the hospital and its impact on fathers, (3) a perceptive analysis of the three major competing prepared birth models from the 1930s onwards, (4) a multilayered narrative of men's experiences including childbirth preparation classes, labor, delivery, and postpartum in the hospital setting, and (5) a contemplation on gender and fatherhood in birth, science, and society. These five elements incorporate personal experience and interviews with qualitative data, history, and theory into a groundbreaking text that conveys the previously unarticulated experiences of men's roles in pregnancy, birth, and fatherhood.Reed argues that men become fathers in various ways: from pacing the waiting room and handing out cigars (prior to what he calls the birthing revolution) to participating in birth classes, assisting the mother during labor, and cutting the umbilical cord after delivery. However, these actions often collaborate with the medical institution against the subjectivity and bodily knowledge of mothers and fathers. Because rites of passage are culturally determined, the sanctioned and encouraged actions permitted to fathers reveal American culture's underlying beliefs surrounding the father's place physically, domestically, medically, and socially in the context of pregnancy and birth. …
TL;DR: In this paper , a study aimed to bridge the gap in the literature on parenting by investigating the experiences of Black single fathers living in Johannesburg, who raise children on their own.
Abstract: This study aimed to bridge the gap in the literature on parenting by investigating the experiences of Black single fathers living in Johannesburg, who raise children on their own. Social constructivism and critical theory served as theoretical frameworks, while narrative interviews were used to collect data. The study involved seven Black male participants, who were selected using a snowball sampling method. Dialogical analysis and Bamberg’s little story approach were used to analyse the data collected. Two themes emerged from the thematic analysis: parenting as a single father and life beyond single fatherhood. The study’s objectives were integrated into the discussion of themes and subthemes that emerged. The study results revealed that, contrary to the common narrative, not all Black fathers are absent. In addition, it pointed to the fact that single fathers are also capable of being effective parents. However, it was discovered that children benefit the most from the active involvement of both parental figures. Implications for these findings and recommendations for future studies were also discussed.