Bio: Trevor Wilson is an academic researcher from Australian National University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Politics & Human rights. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 36 publication(s) receiving 514 citation(s).
Topics: Politics, Human rights, Rule of law, World economy, Front (military)
01 Jan 1986
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the 1914-1915 war and its aftermath, including Reconstruction, Reconstruction, and Settling Up, as well as some social aspects, including participant views, aftermath, reconstruction, and social aspects.
Abstract: Introduction Part One Going to War, August-December 1914 Part Two Ruling the Waves, 1914-1915 Part Three Battlefronts, January-June 1915 Part Four Home Front, 1914-1915 Part Five Battlefronts, July-December 1915 Part Six Brief Encounter at Sea: The Battle of Jutland 1916 Part Seven Blooding the New Armies: The Battle of the Somme, 1916 Part Eight On the Peripheries, 1916 Part Nine Home Front, 1916 Part Ten The Killing Time, 1917 Part Eleven Home Front, 1917 Part Twelve Battlefronts, 1918 Part Thirteen Home Front, 1918 Part Fourteen Some Participant Views Part Fifteen Some Social Aspects Part Sixteen Aftermath Part Seventeen Reconstruction Part Eighteen Settling Up.
24 Jul 1996
TL;DR: Wilson and Prior as mentioned in this paper provide a full account of the Third Ypres campaign using a substantial archive of official and private records, and explore the experience of the men on the ground in the light of what was never going to be accomplished.
Abstract: No conflict of the Great War excites stronger emotions than the war in Flanders in the autumn of 1917, and no name better encapsulates the horror and apparent futility of the Western Front than "Passchendaele". By its end there had been 275,000 Allied and 200,000 German casualties. Yet the territorial gains made in four desperate months were won back by Germany in only three days the following March. The devastation at Passchendaele, the authors argue, was neither inevitable not inescapable; nor perhaps was it necessary at all. Using a substantial archive of official and private records, Trevor Wilson and Robin Prior provide a full account of the campaign. The book examines the political dimension at a level which has hitherto been absent from accounts of "Third Ypres". It establishes what did occur, the options for alternative action, and the fundamental responsibility for the carnage. Prior and Wilson consider the shifting ambitions and stratagems of the high command, examine the logistics of war, and assess what the available manpower, weaponry, technology and intelligence could realistically have hoped to achieve. And they explore the experience of the men on the ground in the light - whether they knew it or not - of what was never going to be accomplished.
National University of Singapore1, University of Cambridge2, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources3, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute4, University of Vermont5, Harvard University6, Wildlife Conservation Society7, The Nature Conservancy8, Forest Research Institute9, Australian National University10, Fauna & Flora International11, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources12, Tetra Tech13, Lancaster University14, University of East Anglia15, Environmental Law Institute16, University of California, Berkeley17
01 Dec 2017-Conservation Biology
TL;DR: A horizon-scanning approach was used to assess the 40 emerging issues most affecting Myanmar's forests, including internal conflict, land-tenure insecurity, large-scale agricultural development, demise of state timber enterprises, shortfalls in government revenue and capacity, and opening of new deforestation frontiers with new roads, mines, and hydroelectric dams.
Abstract: Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war. With these transitions in mind, we used a horizon-scanning approach to assess the 40 emerging issues most affecting Myanmar's forests, including internal conflict, land-tenure insecurity, large-scale agricultural development, demise of state timber enterprises, shortfalls in government revenue and capacity, and opening of new deforestation frontiers with new roads, mines, and hydroelectric dams. Averting these threats will require, for example, overhauling governance models, building capacity, improving infrastructure- and energy-project planning, and reforming land-tenure and environmental-protection laws. Although challenges to conservation in Myanmar are daunting, the political transition offers an opportunity for conservationists and researchers to help shape a future that enhances Myanmar's social, economic, and environmental potential while learning and applying lessons from other countries. Our approach and results are relevant to other countries undergoing similar transitions.
01 Nov 1991
TL;DR: In this paper, the apprenticeship into battle, August-December 1914, apprenticeship to battle, and the Somme: the outline plan the implements round one the run-up to 14 July success by night 15 July-14 September - the forgotten battles 15-30 September - new weapons and old October-November 1916 - mud and muddle.
Abstract: Part 1 Prelude: apprenticeship into battle, August-December 1914. Part 2 The campaigns of 1915: Neuve Chapelle - the plan the technical framework day one day two day three summing up Aubers Ridge - the plan the battle Givenchy Loos - the plan day one day two and after. Part 3 The Somme: the outline plan the implements round one the run-up to 14 July success by night 15 July-14 September - the forgotten battles 15-30 September - new weapons and old October-November 1916 - mud and muddle. Part 4 Limbo and return: on the sidelines, January 1917-March 1918 return to command - March-June 1918. Part 5 Victory: a formula for success, June-July 1918 Amiens - the plan the implements August 1918 the following days pursuit approach to the Hindenburg line the plan of attack the battle the end of the affair.
01 Jan 1970
TL;DR: The political diaries of c p scott 1911 1928 is available in our digital library and an online access to it is set as public so you can get it instantly as mentioned in this paper.
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01 Dec 2011
TL;DR: This work estimates fish biomass and biodiversity losses in numerous damming scenarios using a simple ecological model of fish migration to find that the completion of 78 dams on tributaries would have catastrophic impacts on fish productivity and biodiversity.
Abstract: The Mekong River Basin, site of the biggest inland fishery in the world, is undergoing massive hydropower development. Planned dams will block critical fish migration routes between the river's downstream floodplains and upstream tributaries. Here we estimate fish biomass and biodiversity losses in numerous damming scenarios using a simple ecological model of fish migration. Our framework allows detailing trade-offs between dam locations, power production, and impacts on fish resources. We find that the completion of 78 dams on tributaries, which have not previously been subject to strategic analysis, would have catastrophic impacts on fish productivity and biodiversity. Our results argue for reassessment of several dams planned, and call for a new regional agreement on tributary development of the Mekong River Basin.
TL;DR: The rapid expansion of rice agriculture in Myanmar, and the sustained conversion of mangroves to oil palm plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia, are identified as additional increasing and under-recognized threats to mangrove ecosystems.
Abstract: The mangrove forests of Southeast Asia are highly biodiverse and provide multiple ecosystem services upon which millions of people depend. Mangroves enhance fisheries and coastal protection, and store among the highest densities of carbon of any ecosystem globally. Mangrove forests have experienced extensive deforestation owing to global demand for commodities, and previous studies have identified the expansion of aquaculture as largely responsible. The proportional conversion of mangroves to different land use types has not been systematically quantified across Southeast Asia, however, particularly in recent years. In this study we apply a combined geographic information system and remote sensing method to quantify the key proximate drivers (i.e., replacement land uses) of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2012. Mangrove forests were lost at an average rate of 0.18% per year, which is lower than previously published estimates. In total, more than 100,000 ha of mangroves were removed during the study period, with aquaculture accounting for 30% of this total forest change. The rapid expansion of rice agriculture in Myanmar, and the sustained conversion of mangroves to oil palm plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia, are identified as additional increasing and under-recognized threats to mangrove ecosystems. Our study highlights frontiers of mangrove deforestation in the border states of Myanmar, on Borneo, and in Indonesian Papua. To implement policies that conserve mangrove forests across Southeast Asia, it is essential to consider the national and subnational variation in the land uses that follow deforestation.
01 Oct 1999-World Politics
TL;DR: In this article, the authors test Kantian and realist theories of interstate conflict using data extending over more than a century, treating those theories as complementary rather than competing, and find that high levels of democracy and economic interdependence in the international system reduce the probability of conflict for all dyads, not just for those that are democratic or dependent on trade.
Abstract: The authors test Kantian and realist theories of interstate conflict using data extending over more than a century, treating those theories as complementary rather than competing. As the classical liberals believed, democracy, economic interdependence, and international organizations have strong and statistically significant effects on reducing the probability that states will be involved in militarized disputes. Moreover, the benefits are not limited to the cold war era. Some realist influences, notably distance and power predominance, also reduce the likelihood of interstate conflict. The character of the international system, too, affects the probability of dyadic disputes. The consequences of having a strong hegemonic power vary, but high levels of democracy and interdependence in the international system reduce the probability of conflict for all dyads, not just for those that are democratic or dependent on trade.
11 Dec 2008
TL;DR: In this article, the spirit and its expression in the ancient world, from Sun King to Revolution, and World War II to the present day, are discussed, and a survey of the results is presented.
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. Fear, interest and honor 3. The spirit and its expression 4. The ancient world 5. Medieval Europe 6. From Sun King to Revolution 7. Imperialism and World War I 8. World War II 9. Hitler to Bush and beyond 10. General findings and conclusions.
09 Mar 2012-Environmental Politics
TL;DR: This paper explored the meaning, causes, and consequences of authoritarian environmentalism in the case of China's climate change policy and found that it is more effective in producing policy outputs than outcomes.
Abstract: Authoritarian environmentalism is a non-participatory approach to public policy-making and implementation in the face of severe environmental challenges. Using the case of China's climate change policy, the meaning, causes, and consequences of authoritarian environmentalism are explored. A key finding is that authoritarian environmentalism is more effective in producing policy outputs than outcomes. Theoretical and policy implications follow.