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V. Hari Narayanan

Bio: V. Hari Narayanan is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur. The author has contributed to research in topics: Self & Embodied cognition. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 6 publications receiving 5 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The paper argues that the difficulty in exploring the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness stems from the free-floating self-conception humans is endowed with.
Abstract: A major stumbling block in understanding the full significance of embodiment is the reflexive self-conception characterised by free-floating nature. The paper, in the initial sections, looks into the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness and the approach to the study of vision where the world is treated as an external memory. Subsequently, the paper argues that the difficulty in exploring the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness stems from the free-floating self-conception humans is endowed with. The assumption that experiences are internal can make us closed to the role external factors play in constituting experience. Accordingly, a revision in the self-conception carries the possibility of conceptualising experience in a different manner.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is pointed out that it is the authors' inveterate habits of perceiving ourselves that makes the embodied approach appear implausible, and a revision in the self-conception in the light of these findings will pave the way for a better appreciation of the embodiment approach to cognition.
Abstract: Embodied approach to cognition has taken roots in cognitive studies with developments in diverse fields such as robotics, artificial life and cognitive linguistics. Taking cue from the metaphor of a Watt governor, this approach stresses on the coupling between the organism and the environment and the continuous nature of the cognitive processes. This results in questioning the viability of computational---representational understanding of mind as a comprehensive theory of cognition. The paper, after giving an overview of embodied approach based on some examples from conceptual metaphor theory, looks into a special case of Orwell's problem in cognitive science. The problem is that there is so much evidence for embodiment to be true, yet there is little understanding of the same. I shall try to solve this problem by pointing out that it is our inveterate habits of perceiving ourselves that makes the embodied approach appear implausible. Studies on free will as well as the importance of the unconscious in overall cognitive processing raise challenging questions on our self-conception. A revision in the self-conception in the light of these findings will pave the way for a better appreciation of the embodied approach to cognition.

2 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that the embodied approach to cognition provides a comprehensive theoretical framework to revise some of our educational practices, and they argue that any educational activity presupposes so-called embodied learning.
Abstract: This study seeks to argue that the embodied approach to cognition provides a comprehensive theoretical framework to revise some of our educational practices. Any educational activity presupposes so...

1 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that the free-floating self is primarily a case of gut feeling of certainty and our present environment is conducive to overcome this inveterate way of understanding ourselves.
Abstract: The idea of the self plays a pivotal role in human life. The most common way of conceptualizing the self may be called the free-floating or separative self. This amounts to treating the self as something away from the web of life and as something in need of protection and aggrandizement. Another major characteristic of the free-floating self is the belief in free will. There have been many studies questioning the empirical validity of free will, and this takes cudgels against the free-floating self-conception also. Even though some traits associated with this kind of self-conception might have had evolutionary advantages, it is not difficult to see that the moorings of many human problems can be traced to the separative self-conception. Therefore, efforts need to be made to develop an alternate way of understanding the self. It is contended in this chapter that the conception of the free-floating self is primarily a case of gut feeling of certainty and our present environment is conducive to overcome this inveterate way of understanding ourselves.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore the interrelation among the phenomena of the wandering mind, free-floating self and intuitive dualism and explore the possibility of revising the self-conception by changing the wandering nature of mind.
Abstract: The paper seeks to explore the interrelation among the phenomena of wandering mind, free-floating self and intuitive dualism Further, the paper aims at looking at the possibility of revising the self-conception by changing the wandering nature of mind The paper proceeds by demonstrating the existence of the wandering mind and the presence of a particular kind of reflexive self-conception and then contends that reflexive self-conception, characterised in terms of free-floating nature of the self, can be understood to be the result of intuitive dualism along with the wandering mind The relationship between wandering mind and reflexive self-conception brings out the possibility of revising the reflexive self-conception through practices such as mindfulness because it opens ways to reflexively realise embodiment and reduces the wandering nature of mind This can possibly give rise to a different kind of self-conception that is more holistic in outlook and is less separative or free-floating

Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a clutch of '-isms' characterises the approach to consciousness which David Chalmers defends: dualism, epiphenomenalism, functionalism, anti-reductionism, and -probably -panpsychism.
Abstract: A clutch of '-isms' characterises the approach to consciousness which David Chalmers defends: dualism, epiphenomenalism, functionalism, anti-reductionism, and -probably -panpsychism. (The author would no doubt want 'naturalism' included in the list as well, but as we shall see, Chalmers' predilection to describe his theory as 'scientific' stretches credibility.) While the book does not, as far as I can see, move consciousness research significantly forward, Chalmers succeeds admirably in clarifying the philosophical terrain around and within each of these '-isms' and in questioning the usual assumptions which suggest some of them are mutually exclusive. Because nearly all of what follows is highly critical, I want to be explicit about one thing: I do not think this is a bad book. Throughout, most discussions keep to a very high standard; it's just that they include fatal flaws.

911 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work describes a device designed to enhanced one's existing echolocation ability, which repeatedly emits an inaudible, ultrasonic ''click", several times per second, and which allows the user to distinguish the location and size/surface properties of objects.
Abstract: Echolocation is a method of perceiving the world by emitting noises then listening to the reflections of these noises off objects in the world. It is used by animals for hunting and navigation. Some visually impaired humans use echolocation as part of their orienting repertoire. This work describes a device designed to enhanced one's existing echolocation ability. The device repeatedly emits an inaudible, ultrasonic ''click", several times per second. Each click reflects off surfaces; this reflection is detected by head‐mounted microphones. Computer processing converts the signals into audible signals, which are presented to the user over custom open‐ear earphones. ILD, ITD, HRTF, and Doppler shifts in the reflections allow the user to distinguish the location and size/surface properties of objects. The spatial cues presented by our device match those used to localize ordinary audible objects. The auditory ''image" generated in this way causes objects in the world to seem to emit sounds, and for objects with different shapes/textures to have subtly different sounds. A prototype has been constructed. Simple detection of objects and open spaces is readily possible, as well as Doppler‐based gross surface texture. Further refinement in the areas of emission design, spectral spatialization, externalization, and miniaturization is required.

10 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The paper argues that the difficulty in exploring the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness stems from the free-floating self-conception humans is endowed with.
Abstract: A major stumbling block in understanding the full significance of embodiment is the reflexive self-conception characterised by free-floating nature. The paper, in the initial sections, looks into the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness and the approach to the study of vision where the world is treated as an external memory. Subsequently, the paper argues that the difficulty in exploring the sensory motor approach to phenomenal consciousness stems from the free-floating self-conception humans is endowed with. The assumption that experiences are internal can make us closed to the role external factors play in constituting experience. Accordingly, a revision in the self-conception carries the possibility of conceptualising experience in a different manner.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The psychological model of the successor of the family business and its influence on the internationalization of family business were studied and analyzed and found that there is no reason for people to think seriously about the successors.

2 citations