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Vernon L. Snoeyink

Bio: Vernon L. Snoeyink is an academic researcher from University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. The author has contributed to research in topics: Activated carbon & Adsorption. The author has an hindex of 41, co-authored 127 publications receiving 6542 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2000-Carbon
TL;DR: In this paper, a series of phenolic resin-based microporous activated carbon fibers (ACF) were used to determine how pore size distribution influences the nature of the adsorption competition mechanism between the micropollutant, atrazine, and a compound similar in size, methylene blue (MB).

428 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the impact of pore size on the competition mechanism between natural organic matter (NOM) in Illinois groundwater and the micropollutant atrazine was assessed using activated carbon fibers (ACFs).

386 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is substantiated that increasing the concentration of oxidants in water and maintaining flowing conditions can reduce the amount of iron release from corroded iron pipes, and that the microstructure and composition of corrosion scales are important parameters that can influence the amounts of iron released from such systems.

313 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A conceptual model has been developed in this paper to describe the formation and growth of iron scales, and their reactions that lead to colored water problems, which can be used as a basis for changing water quality to minimize colored water formation.
Abstract: This paper was presented in part by V. L. Snoeyink as the Simon W. Freese Lecture at the 2002 Canadian Society of Civil Engineers/Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE Environmental Engineering Conference in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, July 22, 2002. The interactions of corroded iron pipe surfaces with water are of importance because they can lead to serious water quality degradation and material deterioration. A conceptual model has been developed in this paper to describe the formation and growth of iron scales, and their reactions that lead to colored water problems. Most corrosion scales have characteristic structural features, such as a loosely held top surface layer, a shell-like layer ~s!, and a porous core. According to this model corrosion scales are expected to grow from inside the scale via the corrosion reaction, i.e., the conversion of iron metal to ferrous ion. The average oxidation state of iron increases with distance from the pipe wall. The scale structure and scale reactions permit the ferrous iron to be released to the bulk water, where it undergoes conversion to particulate ferric iron, which is the cause of colored water. Scale structure and composition play important roles in the reactions of iron scales that lead to iron release, and water quality control to decrease the porosity of the scale is an important means of reducing iron release. It is anticipated that the conceptual model presented here will be used as a basis for changing water quality to minimize colored water formation, and as a guide for further research.

276 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Des ions ammonium and manganese, ainsi que des composes organiques biodegradables peuvent etre elimines par des procedes a lit fixe, a lit fluidise ou des filtres a sable rapide.
Abstract: Des ions ammonium et manganese, ainsi que des composes organiques biodegradables peuvent etre elimines par des procedes a lit fixe, a lit fluidise ou des filtres a sable rapide

249 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
20 Mar 2008-Nature
TL;DR: Some of the science and technology being developed to improve the disinfection and decontamination of water, as well as efforts to increase water supplies through the safe re-use of wastewater and efficient desalination of sea and brackish water are highlighted.
Abstract: One of the most pervasive problems afflicting people throughout the world is inadequate access to clean water and sanitation. Problems with water are expected to grow worse in the coming decades, with water scarcity occurring globally, even in regions currently considered water-rich. Addressing these problems calls out for a tremendous amount of research to be conducted to identify robust new methods of purifying water at lower cost and with less energy, while at the same time minimizing the use of chemicals and impact on the environment. Here we highlight some of the science and technology being developed to improve the disinfection and decontamination of water, as well as efforts to increase water supplies through the safe re-use of wastewater and efficient desalination of sea and brackish water.

6,967 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, photo-induced superhydrophilicity was used on the surface of a wide-band gap semiconductor like titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) for photocatalytic activity towards environmentally hazardous compounds.

4,241 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: From a comprehensive literature review, it was found that some LCAs, in addition to having wide availability, have fast kinetics and appreciable adsorption capacities too.

3,163 citations

Book
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: The first part of the book as mentioned in this paper is a general overview of the amount and general nature of dissolved organic carbon in natural waters, and the second part is a summary of the data that has accumulated from many disciplines over the last decade.
Abstract: This book is written as a reference on organic substances in natural waters and as a supplementary text for graduate students in water chemistry. The chapters address five topics: amount, origin, nature, geochemistry, and characterization of organic carbon. Of these topics, the main themes are the amount and nature of dissolved organic carbon in natural waters (mainly fresh water, although seawater is briefly discussed). It is hoped that the reader is familiar with organic chemistry, but it is not necessary. The first part of the book is a general overview of the amount and general nature of dissolved organic carbon. Over the past 10 years there has been an exponential increase in knowledge on organic substances in water, which is the result of money directed toward the research of organic compounds, of new methods of analysis (such as gas chromatography and mass spectrometry), and most importantly, the result of more people working in this field. Because of this exponential increase in knowledge, there is a need to pull together and summarize the data that has accumulated from many disciplines over the last decade.

2,803 citations