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Author

Wei Guo

Bio: Wei Guo is a academic researcher from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Hepatology & Entecavir. The author has an hindex of 8, co-authored 12 publication(s) receiving 5186 citation(s).

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Topics: Hepatology, Entecavir, Hepatorenal syndrome ...read more
Papers
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1136/BMJ.M1091
Tao Chen1, Di Wu1, Huilong Chen1, Weiming Yan1  +17 moreInstitutions (1)
26 Mar 2020-BMJ
Abstract: Objective To delineate the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) who died. Design Retrospective case series. Setting Tongji Hospital in Wuhan, China. Participants Among a cohort of 799 patients, 113 who died and 161 who recovered with a diagnosis of covid-19 were analysed. Data were collected until 28 February 2020. Main outcome measures Clinical characteristics and laboratory findings were obtained from electronic medical records with data collection forms. Results The median age of deceased patients (68 years) was significantly older than recovered patients (51 years). Male sex was more predominant in deceased patients (83; 73%) than in recovered patients (88; 55%). Chronic hypertension and other cardiovascular comorbidities were more frequent among deceased patients (54 (48%) and 16 (14%)) than recovered patients (39 (24%) and 7 (4%)). Dyspnoea, chest tightness, and disorder of consciousness were more common in deceased patients (70 (62%), 55 (49%), and 25 (22%)) than in recovered patients (50 (31%), 48 (30%), and 1 (1%)). The median time from disease onset to death in deceased patients was 16 (interquartile range 12.0-20.0) days. Leukocytosis was present in 56 (50%) patients who died and 6 (4%) who recovered, and lymphopenia was present in 103 (91%) and 76 (47%) respectively. Concentrations of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, cardiac troponin I, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and D-dimer were markedly higher in deceased patients than in recovered patients. Common complications observed more frequently in deceased patients included acute respiratory distress syndrome (113; 100%), type I respiratory failure (18/35; 51%), sepsis (113; 100%), acute cardiac injury (72/94; 77%), heart failure (41/83; 49%), alkalosis (14/35; 40%), hyperkalaemia (42; 37%), acute kidney injury (28; 25%), and hypoxic encephalopathy (23; 20%). Patients with cardiovascular comorbidity were more likely to develop cardiac complications. Regardless of history of cardiovascular disease, acute cardiac injury and heart failure were more common in deceased patients. Conclusion Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection can cause both pulmonary and systemic inflammation, leading to multi-organ dysfunction in patients at high risk. Acute respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure, sepsis, acute cardiac injury, and heart failure were the most common critical complications during exacerbation of covid-19.

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Topics: Exacerbation (52%), Respiratory failure (52%), Heart failure (52%) ...read more

2,470 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1172/JCI137244
Guang Chen, Di Wu, Wei Guo, Yong Cao  +16 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: BACKGROUNDSince December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, and is now becoming a global threat. We aimed to delineate and compare the immunological features of severe and moderate COVID-19.METHODSIn this retrospective study, the clinical and immunological characteristics of 21 patients (17 male and 4 female) with COVID-19 were analyzed. These patients were classified as severe (11 cases) and moderate (10 cases) according to the guidelines released by the National Health Commission of China.RESULTSThe median age of severe and moderate cases was 61.0 and 52.0 years, respectively. Common clinical manifestations included fever, cough, and fatigue. Compared with moderate cases, severe cases more frequently had dyspnea, lymphopenia, and hypoalbuminemia, with higher levels of alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, ferritin, and D-dimer as well as markedly higher levels of IL-2R, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α. Absolute numbers of T lymphocytes, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells decreased in nearly all the patients, and were markedly lower in severe cases (294.0, 177.5, and 89.0 × 106/L, respectively) than moderate cases (640.5, 381.5, and 254.0 × 106/L, respectively). The expression of IFN-γ by CD4+ T cells tended to be lower in severe cases (14.1%) than in moderate cases (22.8%).CONCLUSIONThe SARS-CoV-2 infection may affect primarily T lymphocytes, particularly CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, resulting in a decrease in numbers as well as IFN-γ production by CD4+ T cells. These potential immunological markers may be of importance because of their correlation with disease severity in COVID-19.TRIAL REGISTRATIONThis is a retrospective observational study without a trial registration number.FUNDINGThis work is funded by grants from Tongji Hospital for the Pilot Scheme Project, and partly supported by the Chinese National Thirteenth Five Years Project in Science and Technology for Infectious Disease (2017ZX10202201).

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2,445 Citations


Open accessPosted ContentDOI: 10.1101/2020.02.16.20023903
Guang Chen1, Di Wu1, Wei Guo1, Yong Cao1  +16 moreInstitutions (1)
19 Feb 2020-medRxiv
Abstract: Background Since late December, 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia cases caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, and continued to spread throughout China and across the globe. To date, few data on immunologic features of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported. Methods In this single-centre retrospective study, a total of 21 patients with pneumonia who were laboratory-confirmed to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan Tongji hospital were included from Dec 19, 2019 to Jan 27, 2020. The immunologic characteristics as well as their clinical, laboratory, radiological features were compared between 11 severe cases and 10 moderate cases. Results Of the 21 patients with COVID-19, only 4 (19%) had a history of exposure to the Huanan seafood market. 7 (33.3%) patients had underlying conditions. The average age of severe and moderate cases was 63.9 and 51.4 years, 10 (90.9%) severe cases and 7 (70.0%) moderate cases were male. Common clinical manifestations including fever (100%, 100%), cough (70%, 90%), fatigue (100%, 70%) and myalgia (50%, 30%) in severe cases and moderate cases. PaO2/FiO2 ratio was significantly lower in severe cases (122.9) than moderate cases (366.2). Lymphocyte counts were significantly lower in severe cases (0.7 × 10□/L) than moderate cases (1.1 × 10□/L). Alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and ferritin were significantly higher in severe cases (41.4 U/L, 567.2 U/L, 135.2 mg/L and 1734.4 ug/L) than moderate cases (17.6 U/L, 234.4 U/L, 51.4 mg/L and 880.2 ug /L). IL-2R, TNF-α and IL-10 concentrations on admission were significantly higher in severe cases (1202.4 pg/mL, 10.9 pg/mL and 10.9 pg/mL) than moderate cases (441.7 pg/mL, 7.5 pg/mL and 6.6 pg/mL). Absolute number of total T lymphocytes, CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells decreased in nearly all the patients, and were significantly lower in severe cases (332.5, 185.6 and 124.3 × 106/L) than moderate cases (676.5, 359.2 and 272.0 × 106/L). The expressions of IFN-γ by CD4+T cells tended to be lower in severe cases (14.6%) than moderate cases (23.6%). Conclusion The SARS-CoV-2 infection may affect primarily T lymphocytes, particularly CD4+T cells, resulting in significant decrease in number as well as IFN-γ production, which may be associated with disease severity. Together with clinical characteristics, early immunologic indicators including diminished T lymphocytes and elevated cytokines may serve as potential markers for prognosis in COVID-19.

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151 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1074/JBC.M806769200
Meifang Han1, Weiming Yan1, Wei Guo1, Dong Xi1  +7 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Fibrinogen-like protein 2 (FGL2)/fibroleukin plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of experimental and human fulminant and chronic viral hepatitis. To define the transcription factor(s) and upstream signal transduction pathways involved in the transcription of human FGL2 (hFGL2) in response to hepatitis B (HB) virus, hepatitis B core (HBc), hepatitis B virus S protein (HBs), or hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) protein, expression plasmids were cotransfected with an hFGL2 promoter luciferase reporter construct into Chinese hamster ovary and HepG2 cells, respectively. HBc and HBx proteins, but not HBs protein, enhanced hFGL2 transcription in both cell lines. A strong regulatory region from -712 to -568 (relative to the transcriptional starting site) was shown to be responsible for hFGL2 gene transcription in response to both HBc and HBx proteins. c-Ets-2 was shown to be translocated to the nucleus in association with hFGL2 expression in response to both HBc and HBx proteins. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) interference of c-Ets-2 expression inhibited hFGL2 gene transcription by 64.8 and 60.0% in response to HBc and HBx, respectively. c-Ets-2 protein was highly expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with severe chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in contrast to patients with mild CHB. Increased phosphorylation of ERK and JNK was detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with severe CHB. ERK inhibitor PD098059 or ERK shRNA abolished the nuclear c-Ets-2 DNA binding activity and hFGL2 induction in response to HBc, whereas JNK inhibitor SP600125 or JNK shRNA abolished the nuclear c-Ets-2 DNA binding activity and hFGL2 induction in response to HBx. In conclusion, HBc and HBx proteins enhance transcription of hFGL2 through c-Ets-2 dependent on MAPK signal pathways.

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Topics: HBx (68%), Transcription factor (56%), FGL2 (55%) ...read more

44 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S12072-019-09992-X
Tao Chen1, Zhongyuan Yang1, Ashok Choudhury, Mamun Al Mahtab2  +28 moreInstitutions (12)
Abstract: Cirrhosis is a controversial determinant of mortality in HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV–ACLF). The present study aimed to explore the effects of cirrhosis and the associated risk factors, especially its complications, on the outcome of HBV–ACLF. A prospective–retrospective cohort of 985 patients was identified from the APASL–ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) database and the Chinese Study Group. Complications of ACLF (ascites, infection, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatic encephalopathy, upper gastrointestinal bleeding) as well as cirrhosis and the current main prognostic models were measured for their predictive ability for 28- or 90-day mortality. A total of 709 patients with HBV–ACLF as defined by the AARC criteria were enrolled. Among these HBV–ACLF patients, the cirrhotic group showed significantly higher mortality and complications than the non-cirrhotic group. A total of 36.1% and 40.1% of patients met the European Association for the Study of Liver (EASL)–Chronic Liver Failure consortium (CLIF-C) criteria in the non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic groups, respectively; these patients had significantly higher rates of mortality and complications than those who did not satisfy the CLIF-C criteria. Furthermore, among patients who did not meet the CLIF-C criteria, the cirrhotic group exhibited higher mortality and complication rates than the non-cirrhotic group, without significant differences in organ failure. The Tongji prognostic predictor model score (TPPMs), which set the number of complications as one of the determinants, showed comparable or superior ability to the Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B–ACLF score (COSSH–ACLFs), APASL–ACLF Research Consortium score (AARC–ACLFs), CLIF-C organ failure score (CLIF–C OFs), CLIF-C–ACLF score (CLIF-C–ACLFs), Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score (MELDs) and MELD–sodium score (MELD–Nas) in HBV–ACLF patients, especially in cirrhotic HBV-–ACLF patients. Patients with two (OR 4.70, 1.88) or three (OR 8.27, 2.65) complications had a significantly higher risk of 28- or 90-day mortality, respectively. The presence of complications is a major risk factor for mortality in HBV–ACLF patients. TPPM possesses high predictive ability in HBV–ACLF patients, especially in cirrhotic HBV–ACLF patients.

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Topics: Hepatorenal syndrome (56%), Cirrhosis (54%), Liver disease (54%) ...read more

19 Citations


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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.THROMRES.2020.04.013
Abstract: Introduction COVID-19 may predispose to both venous and arterial thromboembolism due to excessive inflammation, hypoxia, immobilisation and diffuse intravascular coagulation. Reports on the incidence of thrombotic complications are however not available. Methods We evaluated the incidence of the composite outcome of symptomatic acute pulmonary embolism (PE), deep-vein thrombosis, ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction or systemic arterial embolism in all COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU of 2 Dutch university hospitals and 1 Dutch teaching hospital. Results We studied 184 ICU patients with proven COVID-19 pneumonia of whom 23 died (13%), 22 were discharged alive (12%) and 139 (76%) were still on the ICU on April 5th 2020. All patients received at least standard doses thromboprophylaxis. The cumulative incidence of the composite outcome was 31% (95%CI 20-41), of which CTPA and/or ultrasonography confirmed VTE in 27% (95%CI 17-37%) and arterial thrombotic events in 3.7% (95%CI 0-8.2%). PE was the most frequent thrombotic complication (n = 25, 81%). Age (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.05/per year, 95%CI 1.004-1.01) and coagulopathy, defined as spontaneous prolongation of the prothrombin time > 3 s or activated partial thromboplastin time > 5 s (aHR 4.1, 95%CI 1.9-9.1), were independent predictors of thrombotic complications. Conclusion The 31% incidence of thrombotic complications in ICU patients with COVID-19 infections is remarkably high. Our findings reinforce the recommendation to strictly apply pharmacological thrombosis prophylaxis in all COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU, and are strongly suggestive of increasing the prophylaxis towards high-prophylactic doses, even in the absence of randomized evidence.

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Topics: Cumulative incidence (56%), Arterial embolism (54%), Embolism (53%) ...read more

2,835 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1
Emily A. Holmes1, Emily A. Holmes2, Rory C. O'Connor3, V. Hugh Perry4  +22 moreInstitutions (17)
Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having a profound effect on all aspects of society, including mental health and physical health. We explore the psychological, social, and neuroscientific effects of COVID-19 and set out the immediate priorities and longer-term strategies for mental health science research. These priorities were informed by surveys of the public and an expert panel convened by the UK Academy of Medical Sciences and the mental health research charity, MQ: Transforming Mental Health, in the first weeks of the pandemic in the UK in March, 2020. We urge UK research funding agencies to work with researchers, people with lived experience, and others to establish a high level coordination group to ensure that these research priorities are addressed, and to allow new ones to be identified over time. The need to maintain high-quality research standards is imperative. International collaboration and a global perspective will be beneficial. An immediate priority is collecting high-quality data on the mental health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic across the whole population and vulnerable groups, and on brain function, cognition, and mental health of patients with COVID-19. There is an urgent need for research to address how mental health consequences for vulnerable groups can be mitigated under pandemic conditions, and on the impact of repeated media consumption and health messaging around COVID-19. Discovery, evaluation, and refinement of mechanistically driven interventions to address the psychological, social, and neuroscientific aspects of the pandemic are required. Rising to this challenge will require integration across disciplines and sectors, and should be done together with people with lived experience. New funding will be required to meet these priorities, and it can be efficiently leveraged by the UK's world-leading infrastructure. This Position Paper provides a strategy that may be both adapted for, and integrated with, research efforts in other countries.

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Topics: Mental health (60%), Psychological intervention (59%), Global health (55%) ...read more

2,378 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41577-020-0311-8
Matthew Zirui Tay1, Chek Meng Poh1, Laurent Rénia2, Laurent Rénia1  +4 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Alongside investigations into the virology of SARS-CoV-2, understanding the fundamental physiological and immunological processes underlying the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 is vital for the identification and rational design of effective therapies. Here, we provide an overview of the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection. We describe the interaction of SARS-CoV-2 with the immune system and the subsequent contribution of dysfunctional immune responses to disease progression. From nascent reports describing SARS-CoV-2, we make inferences on the basis of the parallel pathophysiological and immunological features of the other human coronaviruses targeting the lower respiratory tract - severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Finally, we highlight the implications of these approaches for potential therapeutic interventions that target viral infection and/or immunoregulation.

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2,055 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1182/BLOOD.2020006000
Jean M. Connors1, Jerrold H. Levy2Institutions (2)
04 Jun 2020-Blood
Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-induced infection can be associated with a coagulopathy, findings consistent with infection-induced inflammatory changes as observed in patients with disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). The lack of prior immunity to COVID-19 has resulted in large numbers of infected patients across the globe and uncertainty regarding management of the complications that arise in the course of this viral illness. The lungs are the target organ for COVID-19; patients develop acute lung injury that can progress to respiratory failure, although multiorgan failure can also occur. The initial coagulopathy of COVID-19 presents with prominent elevation of D-dimer and fibrin/fibrinogen-degradation products, whereas abnormalities in prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet counts are relatively uncommon in initial presentations. Coagulation test screening, including the measurement of D-dimer and fibrinogen levels, is suggested. COVID-19-associated coagulopathy should be managed as it would be for any critically ill patient, following the established practice of using thromboembolic prophylaxis for critically ill hospitalized patients, and standard supportive care measures for those with sepsis-induced coagulopathy or DIC. Although D-dimer, sepsis physiology, and consumptive coagulopathy are indicators of mortality, current data do not suggest the use of full-intensity anticoagulation doses unless otherwise clinically indicated. Even though there is an associated coagulopathy with COVID-19, bleeding manifestations, even in those with DIC, have not been reported. If bleeding does occur, standard guidelines for the management of DIC and bleeding should be followed.

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Topics: Consumptive Coagulopathy (66%), Coagulopathy (65%), Lung injury (53%) ...read more

1,280 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.ABC6027
Jérôme Hadjadj1, Nader Yatim2, Laura Barnabei1, Aurélien Corneau1  +29 moreInstitutions (4)
13 Jul 2020-Science
Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by distinct patterns of disease progression suggesting diverse host immune responses. We performed an integrated immune analysis on a cohort of 50 COVID-19 patients with various disease severity. A unique phenotype was observed in severe and critical patients, consisting of a highly impaired interferon (IFN) type I response (characterized by no IFN-β and low IFN-α production and activity), associated with a persistent blood viral load and an exacerbated inflammatory response. Inflammation was partially driven by the transcriptional factor NF-κB and characterized by increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 production and signaling. These data suggest that type-I IFN deficiency in the blood could be a hallmark of severe COVID-19 and provide a rationale for combined therapeutic approaches.

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Topics: Alpha interferon (55%), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (54%), Interleukin (54%) ...read more

1,246 Citations


Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 8

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20205
20191
20171
20141
20122
20111

Top Attributes

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Author's top 5 most impactful journals

Hepatology International

5 papers, 58 citations

Journal of Clinical Investigation

1 papers, 2.4K citations

Journal of Biological Chemistry

1 papers, 44 citations

BMJ

1 papers, 2.4K citations

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