Other affiliations: Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, Wuhan University, Queen Mary University of London ...read more
Bio: Wei-Shi Zheng is an academic researcher from Sun Yat-sen University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Computer science & Feature extraction. The author has an hindex of 52, co-authored 313 publications receiving 11563 citations. Previous affiliations of Wei-Shi Zheng include Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center & Wuhan University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: This paper formulate person reidentification as a relative distance comparison (RDC) learning problem in order to learn the optimal similarity measure between a pair of person images and develops an ensemble RDC model.
Abstract: Matching people across nonoverlapping camera views at different locations and different times, known as person reidentification, is both a hard and important problem for associating behavior of people observed in a large distributed space over a prolonged period of time. Person reidentification is fundamentally challenging because of the large visual appearance changes caused by variations in view angle, lighting, background clutter, and occlusion. To address these challenges, most previous approaches aim to model and extract distinctive and reliable visual features. However, seeking an optimal and robust similarity measure that quantifies a wide range of features against realistic viewing conditions from a distance is still an open and unsolved problem for person reidentification. In this paper, we formulate person reidentification as a relative distance comparison (RDC) learning problem in order to learn the optimal similarity measure between a pair of person images. This approach avoids treating all features indiscriminately and does not assume the existence of some universally distinctive and reliable features. To that end, a novel relative distance comparison model is introduced. The model is formulated to maximize the likelihood of a pair of true matches having a relatively smaller distance than that of a wrong match pair in a soft discriminant manner. Moreover, in order to maintain the tractability of the model in large scale learning, we further develop an ensemble RDC model. Extensive experiments on three publicly available benchmarking datasets are carried out to demonstrate the clear superiority of the proposed RDC models over related popular person reidentification techniques. The results also show that the new RDC models are more robust against visual appearance changes and less susceptible to model overfitting compared to other related existing models.
••01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: This work converts the person re-identification problem from an absolute scoring p roblem to a relative ranking problem and develops an novel Ensemble RankSVM to overcome the scalability limitation problem suffered by existing SVM-based ranking methods.
Abstract: Solving the person re-identification problem involves matching observation s of individuals across disjoint camera views. The problem becomes particularly hard in a busy public scene as the number of possible matches is very high. This is further compounded by significant appearance changes due to varying lighting conditions, vie wing angles and body poses across camera views. To address this problem, existing approaches focus on extracting or learning discriminative features followed by template matching using a distance measure. The novelty of this work is that we reformulate the person reidentification problem as a ranking problem and learn a subspace where th e potential true match is given highest ranking rather than any direct distance measure. By doing so, we convert the person re-identification problem from an absolute scoring p roblem to a relative ranking problem. We further develop an novel Ensemble RankSVMto overcome the scalability limitation problem suffered by existing SVM-based ranking methods. This new model reduces significantly memory usage therefore is much more scalable, whilst maintaining high-level performance. We present extensive experiments to demonstrate the performance gain of the proposed ranking approach over existing template matching and classification models.
••20 Jun 2011
TL;DR: A novel Probabilistic Relative Distance Comparison (PRDC) model is introduced, which differs from most existing distance learning methods in that it aims to maximise the probability of a pair of true match having a smaller distance than that of a wrong match pair, which makes the model more tolerant to appearance changes and less susceptible to model over-fitting.
Abstract: Matching people across non-overlapping camera views, known as person re-identification, is challenging due to the lack of spatial and temporal constraints and large visual appearance changes caused by variations in view angle, lighting, background clutter and occlusion. To address these challenges, most previous approaches aim to extract visual features that are both distinctive and stable under appearance changes. However, most visual features and their combinations under realistic conditions are neither stable nor distinctive thus should not be used indiscriminately. In this paper, we propose to formulate person re-identification as a distance learning problem, which aims to learn the optimal distance that can maximises matching accuracy regardless the choice of representation. To that end, we introduce a novel Probabilistic Relative Distance Comparison (PRDC) model, which differs from most existing distance learning methods in that, rather than minimising intra-class variation whilst maximising intra-class variation, it aims to maximise the probability of a pair of true match having a smaller distance than that of a wrong match pair. This makes our model more tolerant to appearance changes and less susceptible to model over-fitting. Extensive experiments are carried out to demonstrate that 1) by formulating the person re-identification problem as a distance learning problem, notable improvement on matching accuracy can be obtained against conventional person re-identification techniques, which is particularly significant when the training sample size is small; and 2) our PRDC outperforms not only existing distance learning methods but also alternative learning methods based on boosting and learning to rank.
TL;DR: The proposed sparse correntropy framework is more robust and efficient in dealing with the occlusion and corruption problems in face recognition as compared to the related state-of-the-art methods and the computational cost is much lower than the SRC algorithms.
Abstract: In this paper, we present a sparse correntropy framework for computing robust sparse representations of face images for recognition. Compared with the state-of-the-art l1norm-based sparse representation classifier (SRC), which assumes that noise also has a sparse representation, our sparse algorithm is developed based on the maximum correntropy criterion, which is much more insensitive to outliers. In order to develop a more tractable and practical approach, we in particular impose nonnegativity constraint on the variables in the maximum correntropy criterion and develop a half-quadratic optimization technique to approximately maximize the objective function in an alternating way so that the complex optimization problem is reduced to learning a sparse representation through a weighted linear least squares problem with nonnegativity constraint at each iteration. Our extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is more robust and efficient in dealing with the occlusion and corruption problems in face recognition as compared to the related state-of-the-art methods. In particular, it shows that the proposed method can improve both recognition accuracy and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves, while the computational cost is much lower than the SRC algorithms.
••15 Jun 2019
TL;DR: A new neural network for enhancing underexposed photos is presented, which introduces intermediate illumination in its network to associate the input with expected enhancement result, which augments the network's capability to learn complex photographic adjustment from expert-retouched input/output image pairs.
Abstract: This paper presents a new neural network for enhancing underexposed photos. Instead of directly learning an image-to-image mapping as previous work, we introduce intermediate illumination in our network to associate the input with expected enhancement result, which augments the network's capability to learn complex photographic adjustment from expert-retouched input/output image pairs. Based on this model, we formulate a loss function that adopts constraints and priors on the illumination, prepare a new dataset of 3,000 underexposed image pairs, and train the network to effectively learn a rich variety of adjustment for diverse lighting conditions. By these means, our network is able to recover clear details, distinct contrast, and natural color in the enhancement results. We perform extensive experiments on the benchmark MIT-Adobe FiveK dataset and our new dataset, and show that our network is effective to deal with previously challenging images.
01 Jan 2015
01 Feb 1977
••07 Dec 2015
TL;DR: A minor contribution, inspired by recent advances in large-scale image search, an unsupervised Bag-of-Words descriptor is proposed that yields competitive accuracy on VIPeR, CUHK03, and Market-1501 datasets, and is scalable on the large- scale 500k dataset.
Abstract: This paper contributes a new high quality dataset for person re-identification, named "Market-1501". Generally, current datasets: 1) are limited in scale, 2) consist of hand-drawn bboxes, which are unavailable under realistic settings, 3) have only one ground truth and one query image for each identity (close environment). To tackle these problems, the proposed Market-1501 dataset is featured in three aspects. First, it contains over 32,000 annotated bboxes, plus a distractor set of over 500K images, making it the largest person re-id dataset to date. Second, images in Market-1501 dataset are produced using the Deformable Part Model (DPM) as pedestrian detector. Third, our dataset is collected in an open system, where each identity has multiple images under each camera. As a minor contribution, inspired by recent advances in large-scale image search, this paper proposes an unsupervised Bag-of-Words descriptor. We view person re-identification as a special task of image search. In experiment, we show that the proposed descriptor yields competitive accuracy on VIPeR, CUHK03, and Market-1501 datasets, and is scalable on the large-scale 500k dataset.
01 Jan 2006