scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Author

William M. Beaney

Bio: William M. Beaney is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Supreme court & Right to privacy. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 7 publications receiving 51 citations.

Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For example, in the case of Griswold v. Connecticut as mentioned in this paper, the majority failed to uncover any provision or provisions forbidding the passage of any law that might abridge the "privacy" of individuals.
Abstract: In his dissenting opinion in Griswold v. Connecticutl Mr. Justice Black berated the majority for discovering and applying a constitutional "right to privacy." His reading of the Constitution failed to uncover any provision or provisions forbidding the passage of any law that might abridge the "privacy" of individuals. Therefore, he would have upheld a Connecticut act prohibiting the use of, or the giving advice concerning the use of, contraceptive devices. If Justice Black had examined state constitutions he would have found them similarly devoid of specific references to a "right to privacy." In private law, there are statutes and court decisions that protect various aspects of privacy and human dignity, frequently under property or contract concepts, but until very recent times these have not been viewed by the public or most legal commentators as spelling out a comprehensive "right to privacy."2 The only explicit recognition of a "right to privacy" has been found in certain torts cases, dating from the first decade of this century and following the suggestion of the famous Warren and Brandeis article.3 The purpose of this paper is to describe some of the varied legal strands which, taken together, are beginning to form the structure of a modern right to privacy, the potential significance of which greatly exceeds the sum of meanings of the various separate legal rights and duties that are today catalogued under the rubric "right to privacy."4 Since all of law and all "rights" in law represent authoritative efforts to define and influence the relationship of one or more persons or classes of persons to other individuals, groups, or classes, we must examine privacy as a series of legal claims

28 citations

Book
01 Jan 1955

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the Court was split asunder on the question of the existence of such a constitutional right, although it did not-nor did it have to-resolve the question.
Abstract: Decisions of the Supreme Court involving the right to privacy or containing extensive r ferences to that right have been part of the staple fare of constitutional litigation for many decades. Only last Term, in Lanza v. New York,' the Court was split asunder on the question of the existence of such a constitutional right, although it did not-nor did it have to-resolve the question. Even the casual reader soon realizes, however, that he phrase \"right to privacy\" is used to describe a variety of interests, hat it is urged upon the courts in a wide range of circumstances, andthat judges use it in different senses and for varying purposes.2

6 citations


Cited by
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An interdisciplinary review of privacy-related research is provided in order to enable a more cohesive treatment and recommends that researchers be alert to an overarching macro model that is referred to as APCO (Antecedents → Privacy Concerns → Outcomes).
Abstract: To date, many important threads of information privacy research have developed, but these threads have not been woven together into a cohesive fabric. This paper provides an interdisciplinary review of privacy-related research in order to enable a more cohesive treatment. With a sample of 320 privacy articles and 128 books and book sections, we classify previous literature in two ways: (1) using an ethics-based nomenclature of normative, purely descriptive, and empirically descriptive, and (2) based on their level of analysis: individual, group, organizational, and societal. Based upon our analyses via these two classification approaches, we identify three major areas in which previous research contributions reside: the conceptualization of information privacy, the relationship between information privacy and other constructs, and the contextual nature of these relationships. As we consider these major areas, we draw three overarching conclusions. First, there are many theoretical developments in the body of normative and purely descriptive studies that have not been addressed in empirical research on privacy. Rigorous studies that either trace processes associated with, or test implied assertions from, these value-laden arguments could add great value. Second, some of the levels of analysis have received less attention in certain contexts than have others in the research to date. Future empirical studies-both positivist and interpretive--could profitably be targeted to these under-researched levels of analysis. Third, positivist empirical studies will add the greatest value if they focus on antecedents to privacy concerns and on actual outcomes. In that light, we recommend that researchers be alert to an overarching macro model that we term APCO (Antecedents → Privacy Concerns → Outcomes).

1,595 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Meanings of privacy in everyday speech, in behavioral and social science, and in American law are compared in this article, where a variety of independent meanings emerge within each domain, and these distinctions are repeated across domains.
Abstract: Meanings of privacy in everyday speech, in behavioral and social science, and in American law are compared. A variety of independent meanings emerge within each domain, and these distinctions are repeated across domains. A common-core definition is proposed that appears to be consistent with these meanings. One behavioral theory that attempts to bring conceptual order to the various meanings of privacy is reviewed, and the review is extended to a general commentary on the current status of behavioral theories of privacy. Future tasks and directions for establishing a more complete understanding of privacy are indicated, including the explication of theoretical systems and the creation of linkages across disciplines and concepts.

224 citations

01 Jun 1970
TL;DR: Giles et al. as discussed by the authors reported on the first phase of a 3-phase project to determine student acceptance of microform, and on the effectiveness of microforms for learning.
Abstract: DOCUMENT RESUME JC 700 176 Giles, Louise A Research Project to Determine the Student Acceptability and Learning Effectiveness of Microform Collections in Community Colleges: Phase Final Report. American Association of Junior Colleges, Washington, D. C,. Office of Education (DHEW) , Washington, D.C. Bureau of Research. BR-9-0260 Jun 70 OEC-0-9-180260-3703-(095) 248p. EDRS Price MF-$1.00 HC-$12.50 *Educational Research, Educational Resources, *Educational Technology, Information Retrieval, Information Storage, *Instructional Materials, *Junior Colleges, Microfiche, Microfilm, *Microforms Microform collections offer one of the more promising methods of increasing student learning while, at the same time, responding economically to the pressure of increasing enrollments. This study reports on the first phase of a 3-phase project to determine student acceptance of microform, and on the effectiveness of microform for learning. Included in this report are a description of the problem to be investigated, the methods and activities involved in establishing the project office and selecting staff, and the progress of the project to date. At this time, microform materials will be used in conjunction with the following courses: art appreciation, Black studies, college algebra, economics, freshman composition, life science, nursing, political science, basic psychology, and beginning college Spanish. Bibliographies for these courses have been prepared (included as appendices to the report) and will be microformed to provide most of the necessary course material. In concluding the Phase I report, the principal investigator observes that completion of the full study could have a meaningful effect on patterns of information storage and retrieval, and on the field of educational resources in general. -(Phase II will involve the conduct of a pilot study using developed materials, and Phase III will involve the conduct of a full field study and evaluation of the results.) (JO) U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEWN, EDUCATION & WELFARE OFFICE OF EDUCATION THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN REPRODUCED EXACTLY AS RECEIVED FROM THE N. PERSON OR ORGANIZATION ORIGINATING IT. POINTS OF VIEW OR OPINIONS STATED DO NOT NECESSARILY REPRESENT OFFICIAL OFFICE OF EDUCATION POSITION OR POLICY. C:) L4.1 Final Report Contract No. OEC-0-9-i80260-3703-(095) A Research Project to Determine the Student Acceptability and Learning Effectiveness of Microform Collections in Community Colleges: Phase I

195 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors apply quantitative methods to the prediction of human events that generally have been regarded as highly uncertain, namely, decisions by the Supreme Court of the United States, and demonstrate that, in at least one area of judicial review, it is possible to identify factual elements that influenced the decisions, to derive numerical values for these elements by using a formula, and then to predict correctly the remaining cases in the area specified.
Abstract: This study represents an attempt to apply quantitative methods to the prediction of human events that generally have been regarded as highly uncertain, namely, decisions by the Supreme Court of the United States. The study is designed to demonstrate that, in at least one area of judicial review, it is possible to take some decided cases, to identify factual elements that influenced the decisions, to derive numerical values for these elements by using a formula, and then to predict correctly the decisions of the remaining cases in the area specified. The analysis will be made independently of what the Court said by way of reasoning in these cases; it will rely only on the factual elements which have been emphasized by the justices in their opinions and on their votes to affirm or set aside convictions. Changes in Court personnel made no decisive difference in the pattern of judicial action in this area; so the analysis will not need to take into account the fact that twenty-five different justices have occupied the nine seats on the Court during the period covered, i.e., the past quarter century.

157 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the organizational privacy literature supports this argument, and new directions for procedural justice research are suggested as discussed by the authors, arguing that a focus on individual privacy highlights the political and paradoxical implications of procedural justice issues in organizations.
Abstract: This paper advances the argument that individual privacy is a procedural justice issue in organizations. A review of the organizational privacy literature supports this argument, and new directions for procedural justice research are suggested. In addition, it is argued that a focus on individual privacy highlights the political and paradoxical implications of procedural justice issues in organizations.

64 citations