Other affiliations: Guangzhou Medical University, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ...read more
Bio: Xingyu Jiang is an academic researcher from Southern University of Science and Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Medicine & Colloidal gold. The author has an hindex of 77, co-authored 467 publications receiving 25403 citations. Previous affiliations of Xingyu Jiang include Guangzhou Medical University & Beijing University of Chemical Technology.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Soft lithography offers the ability to control the molecular structure of surfaces and to pattern the complex molecules relevant to biology, to fabricate channel structures appropriate for microfluidics, and topattern and manipulate cells.
Abstract: ▪ Abstract Soft lithography, a set of techniques for microfabrication, is based on printing and molding using elastomeric stamps with the patterns of interest in bas-relief. As a technique for fabricating microstructures for biological applications, soft lithography overcomes many of the shortcomings of photolithography. In particular, soft lithography offers the ability to control the molecular structure of surfaces and to pattern the complex molecules relevant to biology, to fabricate channel structures appropriate for microfluidics, and to pattern and manipulate cells. For the relatively large feature sizes used in biology (≥50 μm), production of prototype patterns and structures is convenient, inexpensive, and rapid. Self-assembled monolayers of alkanethiolates on gold are particularly easy to pattern by soft lithography, and they provide exquisite control over surface biochemistry.
University of Marburg1, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg2, Rovira i Virgili University3, Max Planck Society4, University of Göttingen5, University of California, Los Angeles6, International School for Advanced Studies7, University of Melbourne8, University of Trieste9, Ikerbasque10, University of Toronto11, Nanyang Technological University12, National Institutes of Health13, Stanford University14, Shanghai Jiao Tong University15, Tongji University16, University of Seville17, Karolinska Institutet18, Drexel University19, Sichuan University20, Rice University21, Northwestern University22, University of Basel23, Zhejiang University24, Heidelberg University25, University of Tokyo26, Harvard University27, University of Utah28, University of Michigan29, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology30, Seoul National University31, Saarland University32, Columbia University33, Chinese Academy of Sciences34, Kazan Federal University35, Emory University36, University of California, Irvine37, Autonomous University of Barcelona38, University of Massachusetts Amherst39, Pennsylvania State University40, Ghent University41, Imperial College London42, National Tsing Hua University43, South China University of Technology44, University of Ulm45, Hebrew University of Jerusalem46, Huazhong University of Science and Technology47, Peking University48
TL;DR: An overview of recent developments in nanomedicine is provided and the current challenges and upcoming opportunities for the field are highlighted and translation to the clinic is highlighted.
Abstract: The design and use of materials in the nanoscale size range for addressing medical and health-related issues continues to receive increasing interest. Research in nanomedicine spans a multitude of areas, including drug delivery, vaccine development, antibacterial, diagnosis and imaging tools, wearable devices, implants, high-throughput screening platforms, etc. using biological, nonbiological, biomimetic, or hybrid materials. Many of these developments are starting to be translated into viable clinical products. Here, we provide an overview of recent developments in nanomedicine and highlight the current challenges and upcoming opportunities for the field and translation to the clinic.
TL;DR: This investigation would allow the development of antibacterial agents that target the energy-metabolism and transcription of bacteria without triggering the ROS reaction, which may be at the same time harmful for the host when killing bacteria.
Abstract: This work examines the molecular mechanism of action of a class of bactericidal gold nanoparticles (NPs) which show potent antibacterial activities against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria by transcriptomic and proteomic approaches. Gold NPs exert their antibacterial activities mainly by two ways: one is to collapse membrane potential, inhibiting ATPase activities to decrease the ATP level; the other is to inhibit the subunit of ribosome from binding tRNA. Gold NPs enhance chemotaxis in the early-phase reaction. The action of gold NPs did not include reactive oxygen species (ROS)-related mechanism, the cause for cellular death induced by most bactericidal antibiotics and nanomaterials. Our investigation would allow the development of antibacterial agents that target the energy-metabolism and transcription of bacteria without triggering the ROS reaction, which may be at the same time harmful for the host when killing bacteria.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors summarized and reviewed recent advances in various promising and cutting-edge electrospinning techniques, including multilayering electro-spinning, post-processing after electro spinning, liquid-assisted collection, template assisted collection, porogen-added electro-spinning, and self-assembly.
Abstract: Compared with other nanofiber fabrication processes, electrospinning is versatile and superior in production and construction of ordered or more complex nanofibrous assemblies. Besides traditional two-dimensional (2D) nanofibrous structures, electrospinning is powerful in fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) fibrous macrostructures, especially for tissue engineering applications. This article summarizes and reviews recent advances in various promising and cutting-edge electrospinning techniques, including multilayering electrospinning, post-processing after electrospinning, liquid-assisted collection, template-assisted collection, porogen-added electrospinning, and self-assembly. And their formation mechanisms, features, and the challenges of electrospinning have also been discussed. Furthermore, these 3D nanofibrous macrostructures have been demonstrated to have potential applications in tissue engineering, energy harvesting and storage, and filtration.
TL;DR: A new strategy in designing antibacterial agents is illustrated--a series of commercially available compounds, amino-substituted pyrimidines, when presented on gold nanoparticles (NPs), show antibacterial activities against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates, without external sources of energy such as IR.
Abstract: This report illustrates a new strategy in designing antibacterial agents—a series of commercially available compounds, amino-substituted pyrimidines (themselves completely inactive as antibiotics), when presented on gold nanoparticles (NPs), show antibacterial activities against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates, without external sources of energy such as IR. These pyrimidine-capped gold NPs exert their antibiotic actions via sequestration of magnesium or calcium ions to disrupt the bacterial cell membrane, resulting in leakage of cytoplasmic contents including nucleic acids from compromised cell membranes, and via interaction with DNA and inhibition of protein synthesis by internalized NPs. These amino-substituted pyrimidine-capped gold NPs induce bacterial resistance more slowly compared with conventional, small-molecule antibiotics and appear harmless to human cells; these NPs may hence be useful for clinical applications.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.
28 Jul 2005
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-analysis of the chiral stationary phase transition of Na6(CO3)(SO4)2, a major component of the response of the immune system to Na2CO3.
Abstract: Ju Mei,†,‡,∥ Nelson L. C. Leung,†,‡,∥ Ryan T. K. Kwok,†,‡ Jacky W. Y. Lam,†,‡ and Ben Zhong Tang*,†,‡,§ †HKUST-Shenzhen Research Institute, Hi-Tech Park, Nanshan, Shenzhen 518057, China ‡Department of Chemistry, HKUST Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study, Institute of Molecular Functional Materials, Division of Biomedical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Division of Life Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China Guangdong Innovative Research Team, SCUT-HKUST Joint Research Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China