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Xiongbin Yu

Bio: Xiongbin Yu is an academic researcher from Tokyo Institute of Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Terahertz radiation & Resonant-tunneling diode. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 29 publications receiving 394 citations. Previous affiliations of Xiongbin Yu include Osaka University & Nagoya Institute of Technology.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrate robust terahertz topological valley transport through several sharp bends on the all-silicon chip and achieve real-time transmission of uncompressed 4K high-definition video.
Abstract: The realization of integrated, low-cost and efficient solutions for high-speed, on-chip communication requires terahertz-frequency waveguides and has great potential for information and communication technologies, including sixth-generation (6G) wireless communication, terahertz integrated circuits, and interconnects for intrachip and interchip communication. However, conventional approaches to terahertz waveguiding suffer from sensitivity to defects and sharp bends. Here, building on the topological phase of light, we experimentally demonstrate robust terahertz topological valley transport through several sharp bends on the all-silicon chip. The valley kink states are excellent information carriers owing to their robustness, single-mode propagation and linear dispersion. By leveraging such states, we demonstrate error-free communication through a highly twisted domain wall at an unprecedented data transfer rate (exceeding ten gigabits per second) that enables real-time transmission of uncompressed 4K high-definition video (that is, with a horizontal display resolution of approximately 4,000 pixels). Terahertz communication with topological devices opens a route towards terabit-per-second datalinks that could enable artificial intelligence and cloud-based technologies, including autonomous driving, healthcare, precision manufacturing and holographic communication. Robust terahertz wave transport is demonstrated on a silicon chip using the valley Hall topological phase. Error-free communication is achieved at a data rate of 11 Gbit s−1, enabling real-time transmission of uncompressed 4K high-definition video.

368 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors show that the valley polarized topological kink states exhibit unity transmission over a bulk band gap even after propagating through ten sharp corners, and demonstrate error-free communication through a highly twisted domain wall at an unprecedented data rate (10 Gbit/s) and uncompressed 4K high-definition video transmission.
Abstract: The computing speeds in modern multi-core processors and big data servers are no longer limited by the on-chip transistor density that doubles every two years following the Moores law, but are limited by the on-chip data communication between memories and microprocessor cores. Realization of integrated, low-cost, and efficient solutions for high speed, on-chip data communications require terahertz (THz) interconnect waveguides with tremendous significance in future THz technology including THz-wave integrated circuits and THz communication. However, conventional approaches to THz waveguiding suffer from sensitivity to defects and considerable bending losses at sharp bends. Here, building on the recently-discovered topological phase of light, we experimentally demonstrate robust THz topological valley transport on low-loss, all-silicon chips. We show that the valley polarized topological kink states exhibit unity transmission over a bulk band gap even after propagating through ten sharp corners. Such states are excellent information carriers due to their robustness, single-mode propagation, and linear dispersion-key properties for next generation THz communications. By leveraging the unique properties of kink states, we demonstrate error-free communication through a highly-twisted domain wall at an unprecedented data rate (10 Gbit/s) and uncompressed 4K high-definition video transmission. Our work provides the first experimental demonstration of the topological phases of THz wave, which could certainly inspire a plethora of research on different types of topological phases in two and three dimensions.

110 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a substrate-less all-dielectric waveguide is proposed for terahertz communications, which can cover the entire 260-400 GHz with single dominant modes in both orthogonal polarizations and average measured attenuation around 0.05 dB/cm.
Abstract: Terahertz integrated platforms with high efficiency are crucial in a broad range of applications including terahertz communications, radar, imaging and sensing. One key enabling technology is wideband interconnection. This work proposes substrate-less all-dielectric waveguides defined by an effective medium with a subwavelength hole array. These self-supporting structures are built solely into a single silicon wafer to minimize significant absorption in metals and dielectrics at terahertz frequencies. In a stark contrast to photonic crystal waveguides, the guiding mechanism is not based on a photonic bandgap but total internal reflections The waveguides are discussed in the context of terahertz communications that imposes stringent demands on performance. Experimental results show that the realized waveguides can cover the entire 260–400 GHz with single dominant modes in both orthogonal polarizations and an average measured attenuation around 0.05 dB/cm. Limited by the measurement setup, the maximum error-free data rate up to 30 Gbit/s is experimentally achieved at 335 GHz on a 3-cm waveguide. We further demonstrate the transmission of uncompressed 4K-resolution video across this waveguide. This waveguide platform promises integration of diverse active and passive components. Thus, we can foresee it as a potential candidate for the future terahertz integrated circuits, in analogy to photonic integrated circuits at optical frequencies. The proposed concept can potentially benefit integrated optics at large.

47 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the waveguides are monolithically integrated within a supporting silicon frame, with which they are fabricated together from the same silicon wafer in a single-mask etching process.
Abstract: A practical approach to realize substrateless, unclad, micro-scale intrinsic silicon waveguides for the terahertz range is presented. The waveguides are monolithically integrated within a supporting silicon frame, with which they are fabricated together from the same silicon wafer in a single-mask etching process. This establishes an integration platform to house many diverse components and facilitates packaging. Effective medium techniques are deployed to prevent the frame from interfering with the waveguide's functionality. Straight waveguides of this sort are experimentally found to be efficient and broadband. Elementary components including Y-junctions and evanescent couplers are developed, and deployed in demonstrations of applications for terahertz waves including sensing and communications. This is a promising pathway to realize future microphotonic devices for diverse applications of terahertz waves.

47 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work proposes substrate-less all-dielectric waveguides defined by an effective medium with a subwavelength hole array built solely into a single silicon wafer to minimize significant absorption in metals and dielectrics at terahertz frequencies.
Abstract: Terahertz communications is a promising modality for future short-range point-to point wireless data transmission at rates up to terabit per second. A milestone towards this goal is the development of an integrated transmitter and receiver platforms with high efficiency. One key enabling component is a planar waveguiding structure with wide bandwidth and low dispersion. This work proposes substrate-less all-dielectric waveguides cladded by an effective medium for low-loss and low dispersion terahertz transmission in broadband. This self-supporting structure is built solely into a single silicon wafer with air perforations to mitigate significant absorptions in metals and dielectrics at terahertz frequencies. The realized waveguides can cover the entire 260 to 400 GHz with single dominant modes in both orthogonal polarizations. The simulation shows that for the E_11^x mode the attenuation ranges from 0.003 to 0.024 dB/cm over the entire band, while it varies from 0.008 to 0.023 dB/cm for the E_11^y mode. Limited by the measurement setup, the maximum error-free data rate of 28 Gbit/s is experimentally achieved at 335 GHz on a 3-cm waveguide. We further demonstrate the transmission of uncompressed 4K-resolution video across this waveguide. This waveguide platform promises integration of diverse active and passive components. Thus, we can foresee it as a potential candidate for the future terahertz integrated circuits, in analogy to photonic integrated circuits at optical frequencies.

34 citations


Cited by
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Book
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Theorems and Formulas used in this chapter relate to theorems in optical waveguides and lightwave Circuits that describe the behaviour of Planar Waveguides through the response of the E-modulus effect.
Abstract: Preface 1. Wave Theory of Optical Waveguides 2. Planar Optical Waveguides 3. Optical Fibers 4. Couple Mode Theory 5. Nonlinear Optical Effects in Optical Fibers 6. Finite Element Method 7. Beam Propagation Method 8. Staircase Concatention Method 9. Planar Lightwave Circuits 10. Theorems and Formulas Appendix

359 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 1983

345 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Researchers in South Korea and the USA consider detailed theoretical and practical aspects of the interaction of light with materials whose topology influences the behavior of light waves, and discuss progress towards developing practical applications of topological photonics.
Abstract: Over the past decade, topology has emerged as a major branch in broad areas of physics, from atomic lattices to condensed matter. In particular, topology has received significant attention in photonics because light waves can serve as a platform to investigate nontrivial bulk and edge physics with the aid of carefully engineered photonic crystals and metamaterials. Simultaneously, photonics provides enriched physics that arises from spin-1 vectorial electromagnetic fields. Here, we review recent progress in the growing field of topological photonics in three parts. The first part is dedicated to the basics of topological band theory and introduces various two-dimensional topological phases. The second part reviews three-dimensional topological phases and numerous approaches to achieve them in photonics. Last, we present recently emerging fields in topological photonics that have not yet been reviewed. This part includes topological degeneracies in nonzero dimensions, unidirectional Maxwellian spin waves, higher-order photonic topological phases, and stacking of photonic crystals to attain layer pseudospin. In addition to the various approaches for realizing photonic topological phases, we also discuss the interaction between light and topological matter and the efforts towards practical applications of topological photonics.

248 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrate a strong interface between single quantum emitters and topological photonic states and demonstrate the chiral emission of a quantum emitter into these modes and establish their robustness against sharp bends.
Abstract: The application of topology in optics has led to a new paradigm in developing photonic devices with robust properties against disorder Although considerable progress on topological phenomena has been achieved in the classical domain, the realization of strong light-matter coupling in the quantum domain remains unexplored We demonstrate a strong interface between single quantum emitters and topological photonic states Our approach creates robust counterpropagating edge states at the boundary of two distinct topological photonic crystals We demonstrate the chiral emission of a quantum emitter into these modes and establish their robustness against sharp bends This approach may enable the development of quantum optics devices with built-in protection, with potential applications in quantum simulation and sensing

154 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A detailed overview of the most recent research on the performance improvement of the terahertz antennas is presented, including the latest research progress in THz photoconductive antennas, THz horn antennas,THz lens antennas, Thz microstrip antennas and THz on-chip antennas.
Abstract: The terahertz (THz) antennas, which have features of small size, wide frequency bandwidth and high data rate, are important devices for transmitting and receiving THz electromagnetic waves in the emerging THz systems. However, most of THz antennas suffer from relatively high loss and low fabrication precision due to their small sizes in high frequency bands of THz waves. Therefore, this paper presents a detailed overview of the most recent research on the performance improvement of THz antennas. Firstly, the development of THz antennas is briefly reviewed and the basic design ideas of THz antennas are introduced. Then, THz antennas are categorized as metallic antennas, dielectric antennas and new material antennas. After that, the latest research progress in THz photoconductive antennas, THz horn antennas, THz lens antennas, THz microstrip antennas and THz on-chip antennas are discussed. In particular, the practical difficulties for the development of THz antennas are discussed with promising approaches. In addition, this paper also presents a short review of the process technology of THz antennas. Finally, the vital challenges and the future research directions for THz antennas are presented.

131 citations