TL;DR: Results suggest that CPV is mainly linked to exposure to marital conflict and family violence, permissive discipline, emotional disengagement in the father-child relationship, and symptoms of emotional stress and substance consumption in the children.
Abstract: This study explored the characteristics of child-to-parent violence (CPV) in Spain based on the narrations of adolescents who perpetrate this kind of violence, their parents, and the professionals who work in this area A qualitative design was used Focus groups were asked about the risk factors associated with CPV, such as exposure to family violence, discipline, and psychological characteristics of the adolescents Interviews were videotaped, transcribed, and reviewed independently by each investigator to identify and group distinct comments into categories with specific themes Results suggest that CPV is mainly linked to exposure to marital conflict and family violence, permissive discipline, emotional disengagement in the father-child relationship, and symptoms of emotional stress and substance consumption in the children Lastly, acts of CPV seem to be an attempt by the children to gain power in the context of family relations in which the parents display their incapacity to establish control As several family and personal characteristics appear to be involved in CPV, it is recommended that family and individual approaches be considered for treatment
01 Oct 2017
TL;DR: In this article, a gender perspective language is used to define the concept of Child to Parent Violence (CPV) and a definition of the term as neutral and clear as possible, that can become useful and accessible to everyone interested in this problem.
Abstract: espanolLa Violencia Filio-parental (VFP) ha suscitado en los ultimos anos el interes de numerosos investigadores y profesionales del ambito socio-sanitario, educativo y judicial. Sin embargo, no existe un consenso sobre el concepto, encontrandonos en la literatura cientifica diferentes definiciones sobre esta problematica. La confusion y la disparidad de resultados encontrados en las diferentes investigaciones, induce a preguntarse si en todos los casos se esta hablando del mismo problema. El presente articulo tiene como objetivo: presentar a aquellas personas interesadas en este problema, una definicion que sirva de herramienta para futuras investigaciones y propuestas de intervencion que posibilite delimitar lo que es y no es VFP. Tras una revision de la literatura especifica, la recopilacion y seleccion de las principales definiciones disponibles y su analisis y codificacion, se crearon diferentes categorias que fueron debatidas por los 11 profesionales que formaron el panel de expertos. El resultado obtenido es una definicion consensuada, precisa y practica sobre VFP expresada en un lenguaje con perspectiva de genero. EnglishIn the last years, many scholars and professionals from the socio-sanitary, educational and judicial environments have started to pay increasing attention to Child to Parent Violence (CPV). This emerging phenomenon, however, does not seem to find a consensuated definition in the relevant scientific literature. The confusion found around this concept, as well as the disparate results arising from different research projects, lead us to wonder whether they are all referring to the same problem. The aim of this paper is to clearly establish what is Child to Parent Violence, as well as to provide a definition of the term as neutral and clear as possible, that can become useful and accessible to everyone interested in this problem. This definition can also play a significant role as a tool in future research and intervention proposals. After selecting the main definitions among those available in the specific literature, they were scrutinized and codified to find those categories relevant to the analysis, which were in turn debated by 11 experts in a discussion forum. As a result, we provide a precise and useful definition of CPV phrased employing a gender perspective language.
01 Jan 1988
TL;DR: Focus groups are becoming increasingly popular in research, especially in parent and child research as mentioned in this paper, and focus group interviews allow participants to tell their own stories, express their opinions, and...
Abstract: Focus groups are becoming increasingly popular in research, especially in parent and child research. Focus group interviews allow participants to tell their own stories, express their opinions, and...
TL;DR: In this article, the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents was analyzed in the context of child-to-parent violence.
Abstract: Child-to-parent violence is a social problem that is qualitatively different from other types of family violence, since adolescents direct their violence toward those who should represent authority and provide for their welfare One of the goals of this study was to analyze the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents Structural Equation Modeling was used to test a model of violent behavior towards parents Participants were 585 children aged between 12 and 18 from eight schools in the Basque Country (Spain) Positive family discipline and supervision were not associated with lower levels of violence against parents Family relationships had direct effects on child-to-parent violence, and power-assertive discipline showed a mediating effect in that association It seems that affectivity and quality of family relationships are the most important aspects for preventing violent behaviors
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the association of family characteristics associated with child-to-parent aggressions in adolescents and found that low levels of affection and communication were associated with all forms of severe CPA.
Abstract: Title: Family characteristics associated with child-to-parent aggressions in adolescents. Abstract: The Child-to-Parent Aggression (CPA) is an area of growing in- terest. Previous studies suggest that a variety of family factors can act as explanatory elements of the CPA, such as exposure to violence, emotional neglect and permissive parenting style. This study examined the association of these factors with the occurrence of severe physical and psychological CPA. A total of 1698 adolescents (870 boys and 828 girls), aged between 12 and 17 years, answered CPA measures, exposure to violence, affection and communication, parental abandonment and permissive parenting style. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that low levels of affection and communication were associated with all forms of severe CPA. Wit- nessing family violence was associated with the physical VFP against fa- thers whereas direct victimization in family was associated with physical CPA against mothers, and psychological CPA against both parents. The permissive style was associated with the severe psychological CPA but not with the physical CPA.