Other affiliations: Chinese Ministry of Education
Bio: Yanyu Wei is an academic researcher from University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. The author has contributed to research in topics: Traveling-wave tube & Terahertz radiation. The author has an hindex of 20, co-authored 309 publications receiving 1831 citations. Previous affiliations of Yanyu Wei include Chinese Ministry of Education.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, a novel slow-wave structure called sine waveguide has been proposed to develop a wideband high-power terahertz radiation source, which evolves from a rectangular waveguide oscillating with sinusoid along its longitudinal direction.
Abstract: A novel slow-wave structure called sine waveguide has been proposed to develop a wideband high-power terahertz radiation source. The sine waveguide evolves from a rectangular waveguide oscillating with sinusoid along its longitudinal direction. This letter reports the electromagnetic characteristics of the sine waveguide and its effective surface plasmon amplification mechanism. From our calculation, this circuit structure possesses low ohmic losses and reflection and can be applied to produce terahertz waves ranging from 0.2 to 0.25 THz with several hundreds of watts. Moreover, the maximum gain and interaction efficiency may reach 37.7 dB and 9.6%, respectively.
TL;DR: In this article, a V-shaped microstrip meander-line slow-wave structure was proposed for use in a lowvoltage high-efficiency widebandwidth miniature millimeter-wave traveling-wave tube (TWT).
Abstract: In this paper, a novel V-shaped microstrip meander-line slow-wave structure (SWS) is proposed for use in a low-voltage high-efficiency wide-bandwidth miniature millimeter-wave traveling-wave tube (TWT). The electromagnetic characteristics and the interaction between the sheet electron beam and slow wave in this SWS are obtained by utilizing the CST Microwave Studio and Particle Studio codes, respectively. From our calculations, it is predicted that, at a beam voltage of 3.7 kV and a beam current of 100 mA, an output power greater than 30 W can be obtained ranging from 75 to 100 GHz, and this V-shaped microstrip meander-line TWT will be helpful for a W-band millimeter-wave power module.
TL;DR: In this article, a W-band traveling-wave tube (TWT) with a staggered double-vane slow-wave structure combined with a sheet electron beam was designed to achieve an output power of over 1 kW.
Abstract: A design study for a W-band traveling-wave tube (TWT) using a staggered double-vane slow-wave structure combined with a sheet electron beam shows that an output power of over 1 kW should be possible. Numerical eigenmode calculations indicated that the structure has a strong longitudinal component of electric field for interaction with the electron beam. A novel input and output coupler was proposed that can produce good input and output matches. Finally, a TWT model with moderate dimensions was established. The particle-in-cell simulation results revealed that the tube can be expected to produce over 1 kW of peak power in the range from 90 to 95 GHz, assuming an RF input signal with a peak power of 0.15 W and a beam power of 10.3 kW. The corresponding conversion efficiency values vary from 9.87% to 12.15%, and the maximum gain is 39.2 dB at 93 GHz.
TL;DR: In this paper, a backward wave oscillator was proposed by utilizing a concise sine waveguide slow-wave structure combined with sheet electron beam to operate at terahertz frequency band.
Abstract: A novel backward wave oscillator was proposed by utilizing a concise sine waveguide slow-wave structure combined with sheet electron beam to operate at terahertz frequency band. First, the design method was described, and the dispersion curve and interaction impedance of the sine waveguide were calculated, then the device oscillation frequency and operating voltage were determined. Next, the circuit transmission losses were learned over the tunable frequency range. Finally, the particle-in-cell simulation method was applied to predict its signal generation performance. The investigation results show that, the backward wave oscillator can produce over 1.9 -W peak power output at the central operating frequency of 1-THz under 27-kV operating voltage and 5-mA beam current. And the interaction efficiency at 1-THz is more than 1.4% with a circuit length of 7.2-mm. It, therefore, will be considered as a promising watt-class terahertz radiation source.
TL;DR: In this article, a folded-waveguide traveling-wave tube (TWT) with two electron beams, which operates at the higher order mode, is simulated and shown to be unstable if the gain per section is over 11 dB, because both fundamental and band-edge modes are strongly excited.
Abstract: A folded-waveguide (FW) traveling-wave tube (TWT) with two electron beams, which operates at the higher order mode, is simulated. Operating with two electron beams means that a larger beam current can be used for a higher output power. Meanwhile, the electric field density of the fundamental mode is not the strongest at the center of the beam channel, so the competition of the fundamental mode is significantly suppressed. A four-section two-beam FWTWT at 140 GHz is designed to get 100 W of average power. From the simulation results, we can see that this kind of tube is unstable if the gain per section is over 11 dB, because both fundamental and band-edge modes are strongly excited. Then, another way for a stable FWTWT operation with two electron beams by loading with dielectric is also presented in this paper. The results presented here can provide a new way to obtain high power radiation at the terahertz frequency.
01 Sep 1994
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review of Charged Particle Dynamics and Focusing Systems without Space Charge, including Linear Beam Optics with Space Charge and Self-Consistent Theory of Beams.
Abstract: Review of Charged Particle Dynamics. Beam Optics and Focusing Systems Without Space Charge. Linear Beam Optics with Space Charge. Self-Consistent Theory of Beams. Emittance Variation. Beam Physics Research from 1993 to 2007. Appendices. List of Frequently Used Symbols. Bibliography. Index.
01 Jan 2017
TL;DR: The 2017 roadmap of terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) as mentioned in this paper provides a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provides an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds.
Abstract: Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz–30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to 'real world' applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.
TL;DR: In this paper, an overview of the range of available terahertz sources, emphasizing recent developments, is given, and the focus then narrows to the sources that rely on surface phenomena.
Abstract: Bibliometric data set the scene by illustrating the growth of terahertz work and the present interest in terahertz science and technology. After locating terahertz sources within the broader context of terahertz systems, an overview is given of the range of available sources, emphasizing recent developments. The focus then narrows to terahertz sources that rely on surface phenomena. Three are highlighted. Optical rectification, usually thought of as a bulk process, may in addition exhibit a surface contribution, which, in some cases, predominates. Transient surface currents, for convenience often separated into drift and diffusion currents, are well understood according to Monte Carlo modelling. Finally, terahertz surface emission by mechanical means—in the absence of photoexcitation—is described.
01 Aug 1986
TL;DR: In this article, a comprehensive theory of the cyclotron resonance maser (CRM) interaction in a circular waveguide is presented, and the conditions for maximum temporal and spatial growth rates are shown.
Abstract: This paper presents a comprehensive theory of the cyclotron resonance maser (CRM) interaction in a circular waveguide. The kinetic theory is used to derive the dispersion relationships for both TE and TM modes. The TE mode case has been investigated by several authors, but there has been comparatively little work on the TM mode case. However, the TM mode interaction competes effectively with the TE mode interaction at relativistic electron energies. The conditions for maximum temporal and spatial growth rates are shown. The TM mode growth rates are found to vanish when the RF wave group velocity equals the beam axial velocity (‘grazing incidence’). The single particle theory is used to derive a compact set of self-consistent non-linear equations for the TE and TM mode interactions. These equations are particularly appropriate for the cyclotron auto-resonance maser (CARM) regime but applicability extends to other regimes as well. The conditions for optimum efficiency are investigated for oscillator and amp...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors report on hot test measurements of a wide-bandwidth, 220-GHz sheet beam traveling wave tube amplifier developed under the Defense advanced research projects agency (DARPA) HiFIVE program.
Abstract: We report on hot test measurements of a wide-bandwidth, 220-GHz sheet beam traveling wave tube amplifier developed under the Defense advanced research projects agency (DARPA) HiFIVE program. Nano-computer numerical control (CNC) milling techniques were employed for the precision fabrication of double vane, half-period staggered interaction structures achieving submicrometer tolerances and nanoscale surface roughness. A multilayer diffusion bonding technique was implemented to complete the structure demonstrating wide bandwidth (>50 GHz) with an insertion loss of about −5 dB achieved during transmission measurements of the circuit. The sheet beam electron gun utilized nanocomposite scandate tungsten cathodes that provided over 438-A/cm2 current density in the 12.5:1 ratio sheet beam. An InP HBT-based monolithic microwave integrated circuit preamplifier was employed for TWT gain measurements in the stable amplifier operation region. In the wide-bandwidth operation mode (for gun voltage of 20.9 kV), a gain of over 24 dB was measured over the frequency range of 207–221 GHz. In the high-gain operation mode (for gun voltage of 21.8 kV), over 30 dB of gain was measured over the frequency range of 197–202 GHz. High-power tests were conducted employing an extended interaction klystron.