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Yehoshua Büchler

Bio: Yehoshua Büchler is an academic researcher from Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The author has contributed to research in topics: Occupational safety and health & Injury prevention. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 5 publications receiving 41 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The only known case in which an SS officer was punished for killing Jews is discussed in this article, where Max Taubner and his men carried out thousands of killings without orders and in a particularly savage way.
Abstract: The only known case in which an SS officer was punished for killing Jews is discussed below. Max Taubner and his men carried out thousands of killings without orders and in a particularly savage way. Their rogue ac- tions, however, might have gone unimpeded had the perpetrators not boasted and sent photographs to friends and relatives. The potential for publicity and embarrassment, as well as other considerations, formed the crux of the legal case: the unauthorized murder of thousands of Jews oth- erwise would have constituted to Taubner's superiors little more than in- stances of excessive zeal. In the fall of 1941, when the systematic murder of the Jewish population in the occu- pied territories of the Soviet Union was at its peak, a small Waffen-SS rear area unit sadistically slaughtered a large number of Jews. On the face of it, this was routine and unexceptional, especially as the unit—a maintenance repair platoon (Werksstatzug beim Nachschubsfuhrer im Kommandostab Reichsfuhrer-SS)—was attached to the First SS Brigade, whose main task was the mass murder of Jews in the occupied Ukraine. 1 Indeed, these murders initially evoked no special interest and were not men- tioned in the periodic reports conveyed through the chain of command of the SS. However, by the time the platoon completed its assignment and returned to its base in spring 1942, its killing activities had stirred up a hornet's nest, engaging the judicial system of the SS and especially the Reichsfuhrer-SS, Heinrich Himmler. Af- ter the war, this issue engaged several legal authorities of the German Federal Re- public. The events out of which this case grew differed from innumerable other murder operations of the SS and other arms of the Nazi occupation regime in the Soviet Union, raising the question of whether the unit exceeded the Nazis' own "norms" and why its particular excesses so agitated the SS judicial system, leading to the involvement of the latter's highest echelons. The discussion will focus on three topics: the murder activi- ties of the unit in various areas; the attitude of the SS toward the case, the Nazis' dilemma while dealing with the affair, and the consequences for the SS policy of ex-

11 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A biography of Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler, the man most closely associated with programmes of mass murder, is presented in this article. But the author does not reveal the life and career of this German bureaucrat, relying on sources ranging from Nuremburg trial records to US Army Intelligence files.
Abstract: A biography of Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler, the man most closely associated with programmes of mass murder. Drawing on sources ranging from the Nuremburg trial records to US Army Intelligence files, the author attempts to expose the life and career of this German bureaucrat.

112 citations

Book
14 Oct 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a survey of the most popular maps from the first half of the 20th century: Dilemma 1, Decision 31, Onslaught 77, Reckoning 199, Total War 303, Scorched Earth 359, Disintegration 405 10.
Abstract: Maps vii Abbreviations and Foreign Terms xv Preface xix 1. Dilemma 1 2. Decision 31 3. Onslaught 77 4. Whirlwind 135 5. Reckoning 199 6. All or Nothing 241 7. Total War 303 8. Scorched Earth 359 9. Disintegration 405 10. Death Throes 439 Conclusion 473 Acknowledgments 489 Appendix: Supplementary Data 491 Notes 499 Bibliography 555 Index 609 Photographs follow page 234

61 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The most remarkable thing about the meeting at Wannsee (which was not called the 'Wannsee Conference' until after the war) is that we do not know why it took place as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: “The most remarkable thing about the meeting at Wannsee (which was not called the ‘Wannsee Conference’ until after the war) is that we do not know why it took place.” So wrote the celebrated German historian Eberhard Jackel in 1992. Many historians share this view. They find themselves somewhat puzzled with respect to the meeting at Wannsee. On the one hand, the historical significance of the event is largely uncontested. The minutes prepared by Adolf Eichmann constitute a document of central importance. “No other document from the National Socialist regime,” writes Wolfgang Scheffler, “sets out so clearly the complete plan for the extermination of European Jewry.” On the other hand, this uniqueness is itself problematic. Since we still know too little about the central planning for the extermination of the Jews, the relative significance of the Wannsee meeting is difficult to gauge. Nevertheless, some recent regional studies of the executions of Jews have shed new light on the protracted and complicated decision-making processes that went on within the

59 citations

01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the formation of the SS family community during the Second World War and the engagement and marriage command and the instigation of eugenic selection in the SS.
Abstract: ............................................................................................... v 1. Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................................... 1 2. Chapter 2: The ―wellborn‖ science: Eugenics in a German context ............... 22 3. Chapter 3: ―My honor is called loyalty‖: The foundation of the new German aristocracy ...................................................................... 47 4. Chapter 4: ―The future belongs to us‖: The engagement and marriage command and the instigation of eugenic selection in the SS ....... 73 5. Chapter 5: ―Child-rich families for all the future‖: The establishment of the SS family community .................................................................. 106 6. Chapter 6: ―Every war is a bloodletting of the best blood‖: Sustaining the family community during the Second World War ................. 144 7. Chapter 7: ―The spirit of the SS‖: Das Schwarze Korps and public discourse on family and fatherhood ............................................................. 187 8. Chapter 8: Without ―a healthy flock of children‖: Assessing SS population politics and the family community .............................................. 222 9. Chapter 9: Conclusion..................................................................................... 260 APPENDICES ................................................................................................ 265 A Appendix A: Numerical development of the entire SS ........................ 265 B Appendix B: Rank comparisons ........................................................... 266 C Appendix C: SS Command – A – Nr. 65 (The Engagement and Marriage Command) .................................................................... 268 D Appendix D: On Relations and Family ................................................. 269 E Appendix E: Family Announcements ................................................... 273 REFERENCES ................................................................................................ 275 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 328

54 citations

Book
Steven T. Katz1
16 May 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, Katz analyzes the fundamental differences between the two systems and re-evaluates our understanding of the Nazi agenda, and shows that slave women were valued as workers, as reproducers of future slaves, and as sexual objects, and that slave children were value as commodities.
Abstract: This volume offers the first, in-depth comparison of the Holocaust and new world slavery. Providing a reliable view of the relevant issues, and based on a broad and comprehensive set of data and evidence, Steven Katz analyzes the fundamental differences between the two systems and re-evaluates our understanding of the Nazi agenda. Among the subjects he examines are: the use of black slaves as workers compared to the Nazi use of Jewish labor; the causes of slave demographic decline and growth in different New World locations; the main features of Jewish life during the Holocaust relative to slave life with regard to such topics as diet, physical punishment, medical care, and the role of religion; the treatment of slave women and children as compared to the treatment of Jewish women and children in the Holocaust. Katz shows that slave women were valued as workers, as reproducers of future slaves, and as sexual objects, and that slave children were valued as commodities. For these reasons, neither slave women nor children were intentionally murdered. By comparison, Jewish slave women and children were viewed as the ultimate racial enemy and therefore had to be exterminated. These and other findings conclusively demonstrate the uniqueness of the Holocaust compared with other historical instances of slavery.

44 citations